João Doria

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João Doria
Foto oficial de João Dória como Governador de São Paulo (cropped).jpg
Governor of São Paulo
Assumed office
1 January 2019
Vice GovernorRodrigo Garcia
Preceded byMárcio França
Mayor of São Paulo
In office
1 January 2017 – 6 April 2018
Vice MayorBruno Covas
Preceded byFernando Haddad
Succeeded byBruno Covas
President of Embratur
In office
18 March 1986 – 25 August 1988
Appointed byJosé Sarney
Preceded byJoaquim Mac Dowell
Succeeded byPedro Grossi
Secretary of Tourism of São Paulo
In office
23 March 1983 – 15 January 1986
MayorMário Covas
Preceded byDomingos Mantelli
Succeeded byEpaminondas da Cunha
Personal details
Born
João Agripino da Costa Doria Júnior

(1957-12-16) 16 December 1957 (age 63)
São Paulo, Brazil
Political partyPSDB (2001–present)
Spouse(s)
(m. 1987)
Alma materFundação Armando Alvares Penteado
Net worthR$179.7 million (2016)
Signature

João Agripino da Costa Doria Júnior (born December 16, 1957) is a Brazilian politician, businessman and journalist who is the 37th and current Governor of São Paulo, in office since January 2019. He previously served as the 52nd Mayor of São Paulo[1] from 1 January 2017[2][3] to his resignation on 6 April 2018. He was the first mayor in 24 years to be elected in the first round.[4][5] Doria is a member of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB), and is known for having hosted the TV show O Aprendiz, a Brazilian version of The Apprentice. Doria resigned the office of mayor in April 2018 in order to run for Governor of São Paulo.[6]

Early life[edit]

João Agripino da Costa Doria Júnior was born in São Paulo, the son of an advertising professional and federal deputy João Doria and businesswoman Maria Sylvia Vieira de Moraes Dias.[7] From his paternal family, he is a descendant of the aristocratic Doria family of Genoa, specifically the Costa Doria Family [pt] branch, that migrated to Colonial Brazil in 1549, and become one of the richest in Bahia, owing its wealth to the ownership of Engenhos and slaves. With the economic stagnation of Northeastern Brazil in the 18th century, the family lost most of its former wealth.[8][9] His great uncle was the jurist and life-long abolitionist Ruy Barbosa.[9][10]

Following the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état, Doria's father was ousted from the Chamber of Deputies for supporting leftist president João Goulart.[11] Doria's family had to take refuge in the embassy of Communist Czechoslovakia, and to leave Brazil, relocating to Paris, France. Though Doria himself, his brother and mother returned to Brazil two years later, his father had to remain in exile for the next ten years.[12][9][13][14] Upon returning to Brazil, Maria Sylvia established a diaper factory in Pinheiros and the family made their home in the upscale Higienópolis neighborhood.[15] In 1974, Doria's father returned to Brazil as commercial director of an Argentine wine exporting company.[14][16] Two months after his father's return, Doria's mother Maria Sylvia died of pneumonia.[17]

Education and early career[edit]

Doria began working at Rede Tupi at the age of 18 while he studied social communication at Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado (FAAP).[18] After graduating from FAAP, Doria was director of the MGM advertising agency.[18] Doria headed the federal tourism agency Embratur from 1986 to 1988 during the presidency of José Sarney.

Business career[edit]

In 1992 he founded Grupo Doria, a group of six companies.[19] He would later create the Lide business group in 2003 that brought businessmen and politicians in Brazil together.[20] By 2017, Lide had 1,700 members that represented 54% of Brazil's gross domestic product.[20]

Wealth[edit]

According to financial filings with the Superior Electoral Court of Brazil during the 2016 election, Doria's net worth was valued at R$179.7 million (US$51 million in 2016 dollars).[21][22]

Political career[edit]

Mayor of São Paulo[edit]

As a mayoral candidate for São Paulo, Brazil's largest city, Doria received support following discontent with the Workers' Party amid the Lava Jato scandal.[23] He was compared to United States politician Donald Trump while campaigning since they both appeared on The Apprentice and promoted themselves as businessmen instead of politicians.[23]

On 1 January 2017, Doria was elected the mayor of São Paulo. While mayor of São Paulo, he supported cutting regulations on inspecting possible slave labor conditions, stating "You can't just tear up a businessman's history due to a tax inspector's notice. ... This even protects the worker" and advocating for reports to be publicized only by the Minister of Labor.[24][25] According to The Intercept, lawyers for Doria would notify Facebook users to remove content that possibly criticized the mayor during his tenure.[26]

Governor of São Paulo[edit]

Doria became the governor of the State of São Paulo, the country's most populous state, on 1 January 2019.

Throughout 2020, Doria worked with the Butantã Institute to develop an effective vaccine against Covid-19. In partnership with Sinovac, the Butantã Institute developed CoronaVac, which, according to studies already presented, will produce vaccines in São Paulo.[27] The National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa), after a period of analysis, approved the vaccine on 17 January 2021 for emergency use in Brazil.[28]

Political positions[edit]

Doria opposes abortion with an exception to victims of rape and is against decriminalization of drugs. He supports reduction of the age of criminal responsibility in Brazil and political and electoral reform. He has also expressed support for Operation Car Wash, stating that it has "fundamental importance" to the nation.[29]

Personal life[edit]

Doria married plastic artist Beatriz Maria Bettanin in 1987, with the couple having three children together.[20] Their family lives in the Jardim Europa neighborhood of São Paulo in what is recognized among the largest mansions in the city.[20]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Doria was elected as one of the 100 most influential personalities of 2012 by Istoé magazine,[30] and one of the 100 most reputable leaders in Brazil in 2014, according to a survey published in the country by Exame magazine.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Doria endossa candidatura de Alckmin à Presidência em 2018: Ao vivo | Folha". Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). 30 September 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  2. ^ "João Doria, do PSDB, é eleito prefeito de São Paulo". G1 (in Portuguese). 2 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Doria toma posse como prefeito de SP e promete 'respeito à ética e transparência'". G1 (in Portuguese). 2 October 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Doria é eleito prefeito de São Paulo no primeiro turno em eleição histórica". InfoMoney. 2 October 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Apuração da eleições". Gazeta do Povo. 2 October 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Na contramão de Doria, Covas assume prefeitura com exaltação à política". Folha de São Paulo. 9 April 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  7. ^ "O PRIMEIRO JOÃO DÓRIA". 2 April 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  8. ^ https://www.esquerdadiario.com.br/spip.php?page=gacetilla-articulo&id_article=9515
  9. ^ a b c "O passado escravocrata da família Doria". Vice (in Portuguese). 26 October 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  10. ^ van Deursen, Felipe, Escravos: povo marcado, Aventuras na História (in Portuguese), BR: Abril.
  11. ^ Doria, Francisco Antonio (2002). De Gênova ao Brasil I (in Portuguese) (PDF). Bingen. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  12. ^ https://www.gazetadopovo.com.br/politica/republica/filho-de-deputado-de-esquerda-e-exilado-na-ditadura-o-dna-politico-de-joao-doria-que-voce-nao-conhece-6t749rjhb2bnk5efrgek45a2c/
  13. ^ "Conheça a história das três gerações de 'Joões Dorias' que entraram na política - 29/12/2016 - Cotidiano". Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  14. ^ a b CPDOC-FGV. DÓRIA, João (biografia).
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ Abreu, Alzira Alves de; Paula' Christiane Jalles de. Dicionário histórico-biográfico da propaganda no Brasil. FGV Editora, 2007.
  17. ^ Julia Duailibi. "A guerra do cashmere - Como João Doria se tornou candidato a prefeito e implodiu o PSDB de São Paulo". Revista Piauí. Uol.
  18. ^ a b "João Doria Jr". epoca.globo.com. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  19. ^ "Tudo sobre João Doria". Revista Época (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  20. ^ a b c d "O gestor nasceu na política. E agora volta ao governo - São Paulo". Estadão (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  21. ^ Agostine, Cristiane (8 August 2016). "João Doria declara patrimônio de R$ 179,7 milhões ao TSE". Valor Econômico. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  22. ^ Souza, Nivaldo (22 September 2016). "Autofinanciamento: candidatos ricos vão da gastança ao pão-durismo". Carta Capital. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  23. ^ a b Phillips, Dom. "Brazil's poor just 'want a hug': Wealthy politician's wife ridiculed for interview from Porsche". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Doria defende posição de bancada ruralista sobre trabalho escravo - 17/10/2017 - Mercado". Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Doria apoia mudar regras sobre fiscalização de trabalho escravo". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  26. ^ de 2017, João FilhoJoão Filho7 de Maio; 12h52. "A cruzada de um prefeito mimado contra seus críticos". The Intercept (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  27. ^ "Desenvolvimento clínico conjuntoVacina contra COVID-19 (inativada)" (PDF). Governo do Estado de São Paulo. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  28. ^ "Anvisa aprova uso emergencial das vacinas CoronaVac e AstraZeneca no Brasil". UOL. 17 January 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  29. ^ Tavares, Flávia (25 April 2017). "O que pensa João Doria". Época. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  30. ^ "BRASIL: As 100 personalidades mais influentes de 2012 – OUSADOS". ISTOÉ. 8/1/2011. Retrieved 2016-07-28. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  31. ^ Julia Carvalho, Tatiana Vaz (4/6/2014). "Os 100 líderes de melhor reputação no Brasil em 2014". Retrieved 2017-03-19. Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Domingos Mantelli
Secretary of Tourism of São Paulo
1983–1986
Succeeded by
Epaminondas da Cunha
Preceded by
Joaquim Mac Dowell
President of Embratur
1986–1988
Succeeded by
Pedro Grossi
Preceded by
Fernando Haddad
Mayor of São Paulo
2017–2018
Succeeded by
Bruno Covas
Preceded by
Márcio França
Governor of São Paulo
2019–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
José Serra
PSDB nominee for Mayor of São Paulo
2016
Succeeded by
Bruno Covas
Preceded by
Geraldo Alckmin
PSDB nominee for Governor of São Paulo
2018
Most recent