João Doria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

João Doria
Foto oficial de João Dória como Governador de São Paulo (cropped 2).jpg
Doria in 2019
Governor of São Paulo
In office
1 January 2019 – 31 March 2022
Vice GovernorRodrigo Garcia
Preceded byMárcio França
Succeeded byRodrigo Garcia
Mayor of São Paulo
In office
1 January 2017 – 6 April 2018
Vice MayorBruno Covas
Preceded byFernando Haddad
Succeeded byBruno Covas
Personal details
Born
João Agripino da Costa Doria Júnior

(1957-12-16) 16 December 1957 (age 64)
São Paulo, Brazil
Political partyPSDB (2001–present)
Spouse(s)
(m. 1987)
Children3
Alma materArmando Alvares Penteado Foundation (BA)
Signature

João Agripino da Costa Doria Júnior (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈɐ̃w ɐgɾiˈpinu dɐ ˈkɔstɐ ˈdɔɾjɐ ˈʒuɲoɾ]; born 16 December 1957) is a Brazilian politician, businessman and journalist who served as Governor of São Paulo, from January 2019 to March 2022. He previously served as the 52nd Mayor of São Paulo[1] from 1 January 2017[2][3] to his resignation on 6 April 2018. He was the first mayor in 24 years to be elected in the first round.[4][5] Doria is a member of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB), and is known for having hosted the TV show O Aprendiz, a Brazilian version of The Apprentice. Doria resigned the office of mayor in April 2018 in order to run for Governor of São Paulo.[6]

Early life[edit]

João Agripino da Costa Doria Júnior was born in São Paulo, the son of an advertising professional and federal deputy João Doria and businesswoman Maria Sylvia Vieira de Moraes Dias.[7] From his paternal family, he is a descendant of the aristocratic Doria family of Genoa, specifically the Costa Doria Family [pt] branch, that migrated to Colonial Brazil in 1549, and become one of the richest in Bahia, owing its wealth to the ownership of Engenhos and slaves. With the economic stagnation of Northeastern Brazil in the 18th century, the family lost most of its former wealth.[8][9] His great uncle was the jurist and life-long abolitionist Ruy Barbosa.[9][10]

Following the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état, Doria's father was ousted from the Chamber of Deputies for supporting leftist president João Goulart.[11] Doria's family had to take refuge in the embassy of Communist Czechoslovakia, and to leave Brazil, relocating to Paris, France. Though Doria himself, his brother and mother returned to Brazil two years later, his father had to remain in exile for the next ten years.[12][9][13][14] Upon returning to Brazil, Maria Sylvia established a diaper factory in Pinheiros and the family made their home in the upscale Higienópolis neighborhood.[15] In 1974, Doria's father returned to Brazil as commercial director of an Argentine wine exporting company.[14][16] Two months after his father's return, Doria's mother Maria Sylvia died of pneumonia.[17]

Education and early career[edit]

Doria began working at Rede Tupi at the age of 18 while he studied social communication at Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado (FAAP).[18] After graduating from FAAP, Doria was director of the MGM advertising agency.[18] Doria headed the federal tourism agency Embratur from 1986 to 1988 during the presidency of José Sarney.

Business career[edit]

In 1992 he founded Grupo Doria, a group of six companies.[19] He would later create the LIDE business group in 2003 that brought businessmen and politicians in Brazil together.[20] By 2017, LIDE had 1,700 members that represented 54% of Brazil's gross domestic product.[20]

LIDE - Group of Business Leaders[edit]

LIDE is Brazil's largest networking company, uniting national and multinational businesses with annual gross revenue equivalent to or greater than R$ 200 million (US$ 43 million).[21] The company hosts frequent forums to promote economic and social growth via self-initiative.[22] As IPO speculations arose in 2019, LIDE was valued at around R$ 1 billion.[23]

Wealth[edit]

According to financial filings with the Superior Electoral Court of Brazil during the 2016 election, Doria's net worth was valued at R$179.7 million (US$51 million in 2016 dollars).[24][25] Doria's recent declared net worth is R$ 189.9 million (US$ 46.8 in 2018 currency), according to a list of assets officially published by the Superior Electoral Court during the 2018 gubernatorial elections.[26][27]

Political career[edit]

Mayor of São Paulo[edit]

As a mayoral candidate for São Paulo, Brazil's largest city, Doria received support following discontent with the Workers' Party amid the Lava Jato scandal.[28] He was compared to United States politician Donald Trump while campaigning since they both appeared on The Apprentice and promoted themselves as businessmen instead of politicians.[28]

On 1 January 2017, Doria was elected the mayor of São Paulo. While mayor of São Paulo, he supported cutting regulations on inspecting possible slave labor conditions, stating "You can't just tear up a businessman's history due to a tax inspector's notice. ... This even protects the worker" and advocating for reports to be publicized only by the Minister of Labor.[29][30] According to The Intercept, lawyers for Doria would notify Facebook users to remove content that possibly criticized the mayor during his tenure.[31]

Governor of São Paulo[edit]

Doria became the governor of the State of São Paulo, the country's most populous state, on 1 January 2019.

Throughout 2020, Doria worked with the Butantã Institute to develop an effective vaccine against Covid-19. In partnership with Sinovac, the Butantã Institute developed CoronaVac, which, according to studies already presented, will produce vaccines in São Paulo.[32] The National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa), after a period of analysis, approved the vaccine on 17 January 2021 for emergency use in Brazil.[33]

Political positions[edit]

Doria opposes abortion with an exception to victims of rape and is against decriminalization of drugs. He supports reduction of the age of criminal responsibility in Brazil and political and electoral reform. He has also expressed support for Operation Car Wash, stating that it has "fundamental importance" to the nation.[34] He has also been nominated by PSDB to represent the party in the 2022 Brazilian presidential election, but was later removed by his own party.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Doria married plastic artist Beatriz Maria Bettanin in 1987, with the couple having three children together.[20] Their family lives in the Jardim Europa neighborhood of São Paulo in what is recognized among the largest mansions in the city.[20]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Doria was elected as one of the 100 most influential personalities of 2012 by Istoé magazine,[35] and one of the 100 most reputable leaders in Brazil in 2014, according to a survey published in the country by Exame magazine.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Doria endossa candidatura de Alckmin à Presidência em 2018: Ao vivo | Folha". Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). 30 September 2016. Archived from the original on 3 October 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  2. ^ "João Doria, do PSDB, é eleito prefeito de São Paulo". G1 (in Portuguese). 2 October 2016. Archived from the original on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Doria toma posse como prefeito de SP e promete 'respeito à ética e transparência'". G1 (in Portuguese). 2 October 2016. Archived from the original on 2 January 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Doria é eleito prefeito de São Paulo no primeiro turno em eleição histórica". InfoMoney. 2 October 2016. Archived from the original on 12 November 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Apuração da eleições". Gazeta do Povo. 2 October 2016. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Na contramão de Doria, Covas assume prefeitura com exaltação à política". Folha de São Paulo. 9 April 2018. Archived from the original on 10 April 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  7. ^ "O PRIMEIRO JOÃO DÓRIA". 2 April 2016. Archived from the original on 21 January 2021. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  8. ^ "Dória, um 'humilde' herdeiro das capitanias hereditárias". Archived from the original on 27 March 2021. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  9. ^ a b c "O passado escravocrata da família Doria". Vice (in Portuguese). 26 October 2018. Archived from the original on 17 January 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  10. ^ van Deursen, Felipe, Escravos: povo marcado, Aventuras na História (in Portuguese), BR: Abril, archived from the original on 12 October 2009, retrieved 7 February 2021.
  11. ^ Doria, Francisco Antonio (2002). De Gênova ao Brasil I (in Portuguese) (PDF). Bingen. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Da nobreza à pobreza: A história do exílio de João Doria". Archived from the original on 11 February 2021. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  13. ^ "Conheça a história das três gerações de 'Joões Dorias' que entraram na política - 29/12/2016 - Cotidiano". Folha de S.Paulo. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  14. ^ a b CPDOC-FGV. DÓRIA, João Archived 21 January 2021 at the Wayback Machine (biografia).
  15. ^ "João Doria Governador 2018. A gestão invovadora que São Paulo precisa". www.joaodoria.com.br. Archived from the original on 17 January 2019.
  16. ^ Abreu, Alzira Alves de; Paula' Christiane Jalles de. Dicionário histórico-biográfico da propaganda no Brasil Archived 2 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine. FGV Editora, 2007.
  17. ^ Julia Duailibi. "A guerra do cashmere - Como João Doria se tornou candidato a prefeito e implodiu o PSDB de São Paulo". Revista Piauí. Uol. Archived from the original on 7 February 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  18. ^ a b "João Doria Jr". epoca.globo.com. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  19. ^ "Tudo sobre João Doria". Revista Época (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  20. ^ a b c d "O gestor nasceu na política. E agora volta ao governo - São Paulo". Estadão (in Brazilian Portuguese). Archived from the original on 28 November 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  21. ^ "LIDE - Grupo de Líderes Empresariais". www.lide.com.br. Archived from the original on 21 April 2022. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  22. ^ "LIDE - Grupo de Líderes Empresariais". www.lide.com.br. Archived from the original on 21 April 2022. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  23. ^ "IPO do Grupo Lide mede o valuation de Doria". Relatório Reservado. Archived from the original on 4 August 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  24. ^ Agostine, Cristiane (8 August 2016). "João Doria declara patrimônio de R$ 179,7 milhões ao TSE". Valor Econômico. Archived from the original on 19 May 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  25. ^ Souza, Nivaldo (22 September 2016). "Autofinanciamento: candidatos ricos vão da gastança ao pão-durismo". Carta Capital. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  26. ^ "Confira o patrimônio declarado pelos 12 candidatos ao governo de São Paulo". Exame (in Brazilian Portuguese). 7 September 2018. Archived from the original on 13 April 2022. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  27. ^ "Doria declara patrimônio de R$ 189 mi e recicla programas da prefeitura". Folha de S.Paulo (in Brazilian Portuguese). 14 August 2018. Archived from the original on 13 April 2022. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  28. ^ a b Phillips, Dom. "Brazil's poor just 'want a hug': Wealthy politician's wife ridiculed for interview from Porsche". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on 7 November 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  29. ^ "Doria defende posição de bancada ruralista sobre trabalho escravo - 17/10/2017 - Mercado". Folha de S.Paulo. Archived from the original on 1 January 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  30. ^ "Doria apoia mudar regras sobre fiscalização de trabalho escravo". Valor Econômico (in Brazilian Portuguese). Archived from the original on 19 January 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  31. ^ de 2017, João FilhoJoão Filho7 de Maio; 12h52. "A cruzada de um prefeito mimado contra seus críticos". The Intercept (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  32. ^ "Desenvolvimento clínico conjuntoVacina contra COVID-19 (inativada)" (PDF). Governo do Estado de São Paulo. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 January 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  33. ^ "Anvisa aprova uso emergencial das vacinas CoronaVac e AstraZeneca no Brasil". UOL. 17 January 2021. Archived from the original on 6 April 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  34. ^ Tavares, Flávia (25 April 2017). "O que pensa João Doria". Época. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  35. ^ "BRASIL: As 100 personalidades mais influentes de 2012 – OUSADOS". ISTOÉ. 21 January 2016 [January 20, 2012]. Archived from the original on 20 January 2021. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  36. ^ Julia Carvalho, Tatiana Vaz (4 June 2014). "Os 100 líderes de melhor reputação no Brasil em 2014". Archived from the original on 1 September 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2017.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Mayor of São Paulo
2017–2018
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of São Paulo
2019–2022
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by PSDB nominee for Mayor of São Paulo
2016
Succeeded by
Preceded by PSDB nominee for Governor of São Paulo
2018
Most recent