João I, Duke of Braganza
D. João I; Palace of the Dukes of Braganza
|Duke of Braganza|
|Tenure||22 September 1563 – 22 February 1583|
Vila Viçosa, Alentejo, Kingdom of Portugal
22 February 1583|
Vila Viçosa, Vila Viçosa Municipality, Kingdom of Portugal
|Spouse||Infanta Catherine of Guimarães|
|House||House of Braganza|
|Mother||Isabel of Lencastre|
Dom João I of Braganza (1543 – 22 February 1583) was the 6th Duke of Braganza and 1st Duke of Barcelos, among other titles. He is known for pushing the claims of his wife, Infanta Catherine of Guimarães, to the throne of Portugal.
After the disaster of the Battle of Ksar El Kebir, where heirless King Sebastian of Portugal died, the aged Cardinal Henry of Portugal had become King. Because Henry was old and was not allowed to have legitimate children, a dynastical crisis occurred even before the death of the Cardinal. The Duke of Braganza supported his wife's claim to the throne (she was a granddaughter of King Manuel I). Philip II of Spain (another grandson of Manuel I and also claimant to the throne), tried to bribe him to abandon his wife's pretensions, offering him the Vice-Kingdom of Brazil, the post of Grand-Master of the Order of Christ, a license to send a personal ship to India every year, and the marriage of his eldest son Teodósio of Braganza to one of his daughters (either Isabella Clara Eugenia or Catherine Michelle). The Duke of Braganza, influenced by his wife, refused the proposal.
Portuguese Succession Crisis
When the Cardinal-King died, the Duke accompanied the governors of the Kingdom to Lisbon and Setúbal, trying to assure recognition for his wife's claim, but ultimately gave up and accepted the rule of Philip II (future Philip I of Portugal). After the civil war that followed, Anthony, Prior of Crato was defeated at the Battle of Alcântara, and Philip II entered Portugal and was confirmed by the Cortes of Tomar, where João occupied the post of Constable.
When King Philip left to Spain, he endowed the post of Constable of Kingdom to João's heir Teodósio, 7th Duke of Braganza, a marquessate (Flexilla-Xarandilla) to his second son, Dom Duarte, and a commendment and many concessions to the third, Dom Alexandre, who was destined to become an ecclesiastic. He confirmed João's title of His Excellency and his rights of chancellery.
He died at Vila Viçosa in 1583.
Marriage and Issue
- Maria of Braganza (January 27, 1565 – April 30, 1592)
- Serafina of Braganza (1566–1604), married to Juan Fernandez Pacheco, 5th Duke of Escalona
- Teodósio II, 7th Duke of Braganza (1568–1630), father of the future king João IV of Portugal, married Ana de Velasco y Giron, daughter of Duque de Frias
- Duarte de Portugal (1569–1627), 1st Marquis of Frechilla (i.e. Flexilla)
- Alexandre of Braganza, Archbishop of Évora
- Querubina of Braganza (1572–1580)
- Angélica of Braganza (1573–1576)
- Maria of Braganza (1573–1573)
- Isabella of Braganza (1578–1582)
- Filipe of Braganza (1581–1608)
|Ancestors of João I, Duke of Braganza|
- "Nobreza de Portugal e Brasil", Vol. II pages 445 to 448. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989
Media related to John, 6th Duke of Braganza at Wikimedia Commons
João I, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of AvizBorn: 1543 Died: 1583
| Duke of Braganza; Marquis of Vila Viçosa;
Ourém, Neiva, and Arraiolos
|New title|| Duke of Barcelos|