João Maurício Vanderlei, Baron of Cotegipe

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João Maurício Vanderlei
Baron of cotegipe 1870.JPG
President of the Council of Ministers
In office
August 20, 1885 – March 10, 1888
Monarch Pedro II
Preceded by José Antônio Saraiva
Succeeded by João Alfredo Correia de Oliveira
Personal details
Born 23 October 1815
Barra, Bahia, Kingdom of Brazil
Died 13 February 1889
Rio de Janeiro, Empire of Brazil
Political party Conservative
Occupation Politician

João Maurício Vanderlei or Wanderley, first and only baron of Cotegipe (Barra, then São Francisco de Chagas da Barra do Rio Grande, October 23, 1815 — Rio de Janeiro, February 13, 1889), was a magistrate and Brazilian politician of the Conservative Party.

Born as the son of João Maurício Vanderlei, a Dutch descendant,[1] and Francisca Antónia do Livramento, of Portuguese ancestry.

He graduated from the University of Olinda in 1837 with a bachelor's degree in Law and was Marine Minister, Farm Minister, External Minister and Justice Minister of Brazil. He was also President of the Senate of Brazil from 1882 to 1885 and Prime Minister of Brazil from 1885 until 1888 and president of the Banco do Brasil.

Wanderley was responsible for the approvement of the Saraiva-Cotegipe Law in 1885, which granted freedom to slaves who were older than 60 years old.

He was dismissed from his post by Princess Isabel during her third regency in 1888. Months later, as a senator, he was the only one to vote against the approval of the Golden Law, which abolished slavery. He is assigned the dialogue with the Princess where he says "Your Highness released a race but lost the throne" to which the Princess promptly replied "A thousand thrones I had, a thousand thrones I would give to liberate the slaves of Brazil"


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