Jo Johnson

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Jo Johnson
MP
Official portrait of Joseph Johnson crop 2.jpg
Minister of State for Universities and Science
Assumed office
11 May 2015
Prime Minister David Cameron
Theresa May
Sec. of State Nicky Morgan
Justine Greening
Preceded by Greg Clark (Universities, Science and Cities)
Minister of State for the Cabinet Office
In office
15 July 2014 – 11 May 2015
Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by Greg Clark
Succeeded by Vacant
Director of the Number 10 Policy Unit
In office
25 April 2013 – 21 May 2015
Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by Nick Pearce
Succeeded by Camilla Cavendish
Member of Parliament
for Orpington
Assumed office
6 May 2010
Preceded by John Horam
Majority 19,453 (38.5%)
Personal details
Born Joseph Edmund Johnson
(1971-12-23) 23 December 1971 (age 45)
London, England, UK
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Amelia Gentleman
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford
INSEAD
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Website Official website

Joseph Edmund "Jo" Johnson (born 23 December 1971) is a British Conservative politician. He was elected the Member of Parliament (MP) for Orpington in the General Election in May 2010, and re-elected in 2015 and 2017.[1] From April 2013 to May 2015, he was the Head of the Number 10 Policy Unit, and became Minister of State for the Cabinet Office in July 2014. Following the May 2015 general election, he became the Minister for Universities and Science.[2]

Early life[edit]

Family[edit]

Johnson is the youngest of four children born to former Conservative MEP Stanley Johnson and artist Charlotte Johnson Wahl (née Fawcett), the daughter of Sir James Fawcett, a prominent barrister and president of the European Commission of Human Rights.

He is the younger brother of Boris Johnson, the Foreign Secretary and the former Mayor of London; Rachel, a writer and journalist; and Leo, an entrepreneur and filmmaker.[3]

Education[edit]

He began his schooling in Brussels, at the European School in Uccle, before attending The Hall School in Hampstead, London, Ashdown House School in East Sussex, and then Eton College. In 1991, he went to Balliol College, Oxford to read Modern History. He was a Scholar at Balliol, edited Isis, the Oxford University student magazine, and was awarded a First Class degree in both Honour Moderations (June 1992) and Finals (Honour School, June 1994). While at Oxford, he was a member of the Bullingdon Club together with Harry Mount, Nat Rothschild and George Osborne,[4] with whom he remains a close friend.[5][6][7]

A fluent French speaker, he did postgraduate study in mainland Europe and has degrees from two further European universities, gaining an MBA from INSEAD in 2000 and a licence spéciale with distinction in 1995 from the Institut d'études européennes at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, where he was a Wiener-Anspach Fellow.

Journalistic career[edit]

After graduating from Université Libre de Bruxelles, in 1995 Johnson joined Deutsche Bank as an investment banker.

In 1997 he switched career paths and joined the Financial Times. After a sabbatical in 1999/2000 during which he gained an MBA from INSEAD, he returned to become Paris correspondent (2001–05), and then as South Asia Bureau Chief based in New Delhi (2005–08). On return to London he became an Associate Editor of the Financial Times and Head of the Lex Column, one of the most influential positions in British financial journalism.[8][9] Previous 'Heads of Lex' include Nigel Lawson, former Chancellor of the Exchequer, Martin Taylor, former chief executive of Barclays Bank, and Richard Lambert, director-general of the Confederation of British Industry. Johnson left the Lex column in April 2010.

He has received awards for his journalism from a range of organisations, including the Foreign Press Association, the Society of Publishers in Asia and The Indian Express's Excellence in Journalism Awards.

His books include the co-authored The Man Who Tried To Buy the World (Penguin, 2003),[10] about the French businessman Jean-Marie Messier. This was serialised in The Guardian and published in France as Une faillite française by Albin Michel in 2002. He co-edited, with Dr Rajiv Kumar (Secretary General, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry) Reconnecting Britain and India: Ideas for an Enhanced Partnership (Academic Foundation 2011).[11]

A regular commentator on radio and television,[12][13] he frequently speaks in public on the rise of India and the new world order, as well as on the UK political economy and financial affairs.

Political career[edit]

Johnson has represented the constituency of Orpington, a seat in the London Borough of Bromley, since the General Election of 2010. Bucking the national trend, he increased the Conservative share of the vote in the constituency by 5.5 percentage points to 62.9% at the General Election in June 2017 and secured a majority of over 19,400.[14]

He was selected as the Conservative parliamentary candidate for Orpington from a shortlist of six contenders.[15] He won the seat, tripling the Conservative majority to over 17,000, in the 2010 General Election, and increased his majority again in the Generel Election of 2015, to just over 19,000.[16]

He has held a number of influential policy-making roles in the Governments of Prime Minister David Cameron and Theresa May.

Head of the Downing Street Policy Unit[edit]

On 25 April 2013, he was appointed Head of the No10 Policy Unit by David Cameron to help develop the 2015 Tory manifesto.

As a junior Cabinet Office minister, he headed the Policy Unit in the Prime Minister's Office,[17] and also chaired a newly created Conservative Parliamentary advisory board, known as the Prime Minister's Policy Board, consisting of Tory MPs.

His appointment to head up the Downing Street policy unit was seen as somewhat surprising as he was perceived as being more pro-European and left-leaning than most Conservatives.[18]

Minister for Universities and Science[edit]

On 11 May 2015, it was announced that Johnson had been appointed Minister for Universities and Science at the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS).[19][20] Writing about Johnson’s appointment for Times Higher Education, John Morgan noted: "Mr Johnson’s reputation as a pro-European is likely to please vice-chancellors, many of whom are concerned by the Tories’ pledge to hold an in-out referendum on EU membership by 2017. Universities UK has pointed out that British higher education institutions benefit from around £1.2 billion in European research funding each year."[21]

In this role, Johnson introduced the Higher Education and Research Act 2017, which the Times Higher Education described as the most significant legislation in 25 years. This overhauled the regulatory framework for English universities, replaced the Higher Education Funding Council for England with a new regulator, the Office for Students, and established mechanisms to hold universities more accountable for the quality of teaching and student outcomes.[22] The Act also created a new single national strategic research body, UK Research and Innovation, bringing together the UK's fragmented research funding bodies.

In 2016, the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) asked the public to vote on names for a new polar research ship.[23] The online poll was active from 17 March to 16 April 2016 with the name "Boaty McBoatface" garnering 124,109 votes, roughly four times more than the runner up "Poppy Mai". Despite huge popular demand, Johnson oversaw the decision to name the vessel "RRS Sir David Attenborough",[24] causing Guardian columnist, Stuart Heritage, to lament, "tyrants have crushed the people's will".[25]

Personal life[edit]

Johnson lives in London with his wife, Amelia Gentleman, a journalist for The Guardian,[26] the daughter of artist and designer David Gentleman. They have two children.[20]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Election 2010: Orpington". BBC News. Retrieved 27 June 2010. 
  2. ^ Jonathan Amos "Jo Johnson is new science minister", BBC News, 11 May 2015
  3. ^ "Family of influence behind Boris Johnson". The Daily Telegraph. 3 May 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "George's bully boys: Oozing entitlement, a young Osborne poses with Oxford's infamous Bullingdon Club in a newly discovered photo. But who were they?". Daily Mail. London. 
  5. ^ "Osborne and the Bullingdon Club, Take 2: New picture of the Chancellor in Oxford high society club emerges as student reveals 'George's friends locked me in Portaloo'". Daily Mail. London. 
  6. ^ http://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/blog/george-osborne-gdp-jo-johnson/
  7. ^ http://www.itv.com/news/2013-04-25/jo-johnson-is-his-own-man-who-is-very-different-to-boris/
  8. ^ Johnson returns to roots as FT Lex column editor – Press Gazette
  9. ^ Jo Johnson, Lex HQ (Video) | Facebook
  10. ^ Daniel Gross "J'Accuse!", Slate, 6 August 2003
  11. ^ "Johnson's Passage to India". Evening Standard. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  12. ^ Johnson reviews the Sunday papers on Sky
  13. ^ Johnson appears on Charlie Rose in a discussion on India
  14. ^ "Orpington". Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  15. ^ "Jo Johnson selected for Orpington after six ballots including a tie". ConservativeHome. 
  16. ^ "VOTE 2010: Jo Johnson wins Orpington". News Shopper. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  17. ^ http://www.number10.gov.uk/news/jo-johnson-to-head-downing-street-policy-unit/
  18. ^ Watt, Nicholas (25 April 2013). "Jo Johnson: a left-field choice to be David Cameron's policy chief". Guardian. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election 2015: Who's Who in David Cameron's new cabinet". BBC News. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  20. ^ a b "Minister of State for Universities, Science: Jo Johnson". Gov.uk. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  21. ^ Morgan, John (11 May 2015). "Jo Johnson is new minister covering higher education". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  22. ^ https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/higher-education-and-research-bill-passed-uk-parliament
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  24. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-36225652
  25. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/apr/19/boaty-mcboatface-tyrants-have-crushed-the-peoples-will
  26. ^ Amelia Gentleman The Guardian

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Horam
Member of Parliament
for Orpington

2010–present
Incumbent