||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2008)|
|Senator for Western Australia|
1 July 1985 – 31 January 1992
|Succeeded by||Christabel Chamarette|
30 May 1946 |
|Political party||NDP (1985)
Greens WA (1990–92)
|Relations||Mary Jo Fisher (niece)|
Josephine ("Jo") Vallentine (born 30 May 1946) is an Australian peace activist and politician, a former senator for Western Australia. She entered the Senate on 1 July 1985 after election as a member of the Nuclear Disarmament Party but sat as an independent and then as a member of the Greens Western Australia from 1 July 1990. She resigned on 31 January 1992.
In an interview in 2001 for a history of the WA peace movement she said: "The Quakers influenced me I suppose from the Vietnam Moratorium days because I was a teacher then, in 1967-69, when the marches were getting going in Perth, and I can remember being a bit nervous because in those days if you were seen in a protest you might have lost your job on Monday when you went to work."
At her first election campaign in 1984, media interest was focused on the NDP Senate candidate for New South Wales, Midnight Oil's singer Peter Garrett. However, under the Australian Senate's voting system of proportional representation, Western Australia was the only state to return an NDP senator.
Soon after her election, Jo Vallentine resigned from the NDP, held her Senate seat as an independent and was re-elected in the 1987 election. In 1990, as the inaugural Greens WA Senate candidate, she was re-elected again but resigned on health grounds before completing her term. The casual vacancy was filled by Christabel Chamarette.
During her time in Parliament, Jo Vallentine continued her grassroots activism, and marched on the "Joint Facilities" base Pine Gap near Alice Springs. She was arrested. She also marched on the American Clark Air Base in The Philippines in 1989.
Her efforts took a toll. After resigning from the Senate (Christabel Chamarette was appointed as her replacement), Vallentine took time to recuperate from ill health. By 1994 she was helping found Alternatives to Violence Project in Western Australia, focused on sharing nonviolent skills with people in prisons. She also travelled with the 1997 Peace Pilgrimage, was involved in the Jabiluka campaign, successfully campaigned to keep the estuary at Guilderton free from urban development on the south side of Moore River, and continues to oppose the 2003 Iraq War, the use of depleted uranium in Iraq (and its possible use by the US at Lancelin) and expansion of nuclear power and weapons.
In an historical survey of the state in November 2006, the conservative West Australian newspaper named Jo Vallentine as one of the state's 100 most influential people. She has recently been one of a number of women nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. The Australian Government's intentions to further mine uranium, and possibly build 25 nuclear power stations around Australia's cities in 2006 has stepped up Vallentine's role as a spokesperson.
- Vallentine, Jo and Jones, Peter D. (1990) Quakers in politics : pragmatism or principle Alderley, Qld : The Religious Society of Friends, (James Backhouse lecture ; 26) ISBN 0-909885-31-1
- Loh, Suzanne. (2000) Vallentine's crusade : peaceful warrior. Curtin independent, 8 June 2000, p. 12-13
- Jo Vallentine, Senate Biography
- Vallentine, Josephine in The Encyclopedia of Women and Leadership in Twentieth-Century Australia