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31 July 1896|
Neuhof, Prussian Saxony, German Empire
|Died||27 March 1962
Koblenz, Rhineland-Palatinate, West Germany
|Years of service||
|Commands held||ZG 26|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Joachim-Friedrich Huth (31 July 1896 – 27 March 1962) was a German general in the Luftwaffe during World War II and the Air Force of the Bundeswehr in West Germany. Huth retired from the military service in 1961 holding the rank of Generalleutnant.
Huth was born in 1896 in Neuhof and entered military service in the Prussian Army shortly before the outbreak of World War I, in July 1914. He was promoted to Leutnant on 4 January 1915 and served as platoon leader and company commander in the Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 58 (58th infantry regiment). He was injured three times. He transferred to the Luftstreitkräfte in June 1917 and claimed his first aerial victory on 28 January 1918. He was severely injured on 23 February 1918, losing his right lower leg. Huth was awarded both classes of the Iron Cross (1914) and the Knight's Cross to the House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords during the war.
Huth left the military service after the war. The treaty of Versailles had imposed severe restrictions on Germany's military strength and had denied Germany an air force. With Adolf Hitler's rise to power and the remilitarisation of Germany, Huth reentered the military service of the Luftwaffe on 1 March 1934, holding the rank of Hauptmann. He became the Geschwaderkommodore of the Zerstörergeschwader 26 "Horst Wessel". Huth earned the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 11 September 1940 in this position for the successful leadership of his fighter wing in the Battle of France and Battle of Britain.
Huth commanded various fighter divisions from 1942 until 1944 before taking command of the 1. Jagdkorps (1st Fighter Corps) on 26 January 1945. He held this position until the end of the war, when he was taken prisoner by the British forces. He was released in 1946.
In 1956, Huth joined the Bundeswehr after the remilitarisation of the Federal Republic of Germany, holding the rank of Generalmajor. He led the Luftwaffe school at Fürstenfeldbruck and, until his retirement, the Luftwaffengruppe Süd (Air Force Group South) in Karlsruhe. Huth retired on 30 September 1961 with a Großer Zapfenstreich (Grand Tattoo) holding the rank of Generalleutnant. Huth died six months later on 27 March 1962 in Koblenz.
- Iron Cross (1914) 2nd and 1st Class
- Knight's Cross to the House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 11 September 1940 as Oberstleutnant and Geschwaderkommodore of ZG 26 "Horst Wessel"
- Obermaier 1989, p. 138.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 412.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 239.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) . Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
Oberst Kurt-Bertram von Döring
|Commander of Zerstörergeschwader 26 "Horst Wessel"
14 December 1939 – 1 November 1940
Oberst Johann Schalk
Generalmajor Theo Osterkamp
|Commander of Jagdfliegerführer 2
1 August 1941 – 16 August 1942
Oberstleutnant Karl Vieck
|New division||Commander of 4. Jagd-Division
17 August 1942 – 10 November 1943
Generalmajor Werner Junck
Oberst Harry von Bülow-Bothkamp
|Commander of 5. Jagd-Division
11 November 1943 – 5 February 1944
Generalmajor Karl Hentschel
|Unknown||Commander of 7. Jagd-Division
6 February 1944 – 30 November 1944
Generalleutnant Joseph Schmid
|Commander of 1. Jagd-Korps
30 November 1944 – 26 January 1945