Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt

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For other people named Joachim Ernst, see Joachim Ernst (disambiguation).
Joachim Ernst
Duke of Anhalt
Duke of Anhalt
Reign 13 September 1918 – 12 November 1918
Predecessor Eduard
Spouse Elisabeth Strickrodt
Editha Marwitz
Issue Princess Alexandra
Princess Anna Luise
Prince Friedrich
Princess Edda
Prince Eduard
Full name
Joachim Ernst Wilhelm Karl Albrecht Leopold Friedrich Moritz Erdmann
House House of Ascania
Father Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
Mother Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg
Born (1901-01-11)January 11, 1901
Ballenstedt, Anhalt
Died February 18, 1947(1947-02-18) (aged 46)
NKVD special camp Nr. 2 in Buchenwald

Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt (11 January 1901 – 18 February 1947) was the last ruler of the Duchy of Anhalt.


He was born in Dessau, the son of Duke Eduard of Anhalt (1861–1918) and Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg (1873–1953), the daughter of Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg.

He succeeded his father as Duke of Anhalt on September 13, 1918, however due to his age his uncle Prince Aribert of Anhalt was appointed regent. His brief reign came to an end on November 12, 1918 with his uncle abdicating in his name following the German revolution. The duchy became the Free State of Anhalt.

Duke Joachim Ernst died at the Buchenwald concentration camp after World War two as a prisoner of the Soviet Union, when it was called NKVD special camp Nr. 2. Following his death the headship of the Ducal House of Anhalt was disputed between his elder son Prince Friedrich and brother Prince Eugen.[1][2]

Marriages and children[edit]

Elisabeth Strickroth.

Duke Joachim Ernst was married twice, firstly to Elisabeth Strickrodt (1903–1971) in 1927, but they were divorced in 1929. He married secondly Editha Marwitz von Stephani (1905–1986) at Ballenstedt Castle in 1929. He had issue with his second wife.



  1. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (ed.) (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, 1st edition. London: Burke's Peerage. pp. 195–196. ISBN 0-85011-023-8. 
  2. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels: Furstliche Hauser Band III. C. A. Starke Verlag. 1955. p. 3. 

External links[edit]

Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt
Born: 11 January 1901 Died: 18 February 1947
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Duke Eduard
Duke of Anhalt
13 September – 12 November 1918
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Duke Eduard
Grand Master of the Order of Albert the Bear
13 September 1918 – 18 February 1947
Succeeded by
Prince Friedrich
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
Duke of Anhalt
12 November 1918 - 18 February 1947
Succeeded by
Prince Friedrich