Joachim I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

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Joachim I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Lucas Cranach d.Ä. - Bildnis des Fürsten Joachim (Anhaltische Gemäldegalerie).jpg
Joachim I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, painting by Lucas Cranach the Elder
Born August 7, 1509 Edit this on Wikidata
Died December 6, 1561 Edit this on Wikidata (aged 52)
Dessau Edit this on Wikidata

Joachim I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (Dessau, 7 August 1509 – Dessau, 6 December 1561), was a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau. After 1544 he served as the first ruler of the re-created Anhalt-Dessau.

He was the fourth (but third surviving) son of Ernest I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, by his wife Margarete, daughter of Henry I, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels and granddaughter of George of Poděbrady, King of Bohemia.


After the death of his father in 1516, Joachim and his older brothers John V and George III became the new rulers of the Anhalt-Dessau. During the first years of their reign, their mother acted as regent.

In 1544 the brothers agreed to a formal division of the principality. Joachim retained Dessau, this time as sole ruler. The re-created Anhalt-Dessau was much smaller than the earlier principality, however, due to the assignment of many territories to John V and George III.

After his death, unmarried and childless, Joachim was succeeded by his nephews, the rulers of Anhalt-Zerbst.

Preceded by
Ernest I
Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
with John V and George III

Succeeded by
Principality divided in Anhalt-Zerbst, Anhalt-Plötzkau and Anhalt-Dessau
Preceded by
Principality (re-)created
Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Succeeded by
Joachim Ernest
and Bernhard VII