Joachimsthal, Brandenburg

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Joachimsthal
Blick auf Kreuzkirche Joachimsthal.JPG
Coat of arms of Joachimsthal
Coat of arms
Joachimsthal  is located in Germany
Joachimsthal
Joachimsthal
Location of Joachimsthal within Barnim district
Joachimsthal in BAR.png
Coordinates: 52°58′0″N 13°45′0″E / 52.96667°N 13.75000°E / 52.96667; 13.75000Coordinates: 52°58′0″N 13°45′0″E / 52.96667°N 13.75000°E / 52.96667; 13.75000
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Barnim
Municipal assoc. Joachimsthal (Schorfheide)
Government
 • Mayor Gerlinde Schneider (Free Voters)
Area
 • Total 120.18 km2 (46.40 sq mi)
Elevation 72 m (236 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,446
 • Density 29/km2 (74/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 16247
Dialling codes 033361
Vehicle registration BAR
Website www.joachimsthal.de

About this sound Joachimsthal  is a small town in the district of Barnim, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated within the Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve on the isthmus between the lakes Grimnitzsee in the north and Werbellinsee in the south, about 17 km (11 mi) northwest of the district's capital Eberswalde and 55 km (34 mi) northeast of the Berlin city centre. The municipality is the administrative seat of the Amt ("municipal federation") Joachimsthal (Schorfheide).

History[edit]

Church of the Cross

Joachimsthal was founded in 1601 by Elector Joachim III Frederick of Brandenburg at the foot of medieval Grimnitz Castle and received town privileges in 1604. The Elector had a glass foundry erected and in 1607 established a boarding school, the Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium, that was relocated to Berlin after its devastation in 1636 during the Thirty Years' War. After a blaze in 1814, the church and several houses were rebuilt according to plans by Karl Friedrich Schinkel.

King Frederick William IV of Prussia had the Hubertusstock hunting lodge erected on the western shore of the Werbellinsee in 1849. In changing times, Hubertusstock served as a pleasure ground for men in power: The German Emperors from the House of Hohenzollern indulged in huntsmanship (Wilhelm II had his own train station built), as did the Presidents of the Weimar Republic, Friedrich Ebert and Paul von Hindenburg. In 1944 Adolf Hitler gave the lodge to Obergruppenführer Hans Lammers and in 1973 it was rebuilt as a vacation home for General Secretary Erich Honecker.

Twin town[edit]

Demography[edit]

Development of population since 1875 within the current boundaries (Blue line: Population; Dotted line: Comparison to population development of Brandenburg state; Grey background: Time of Nazi rule; Red background: Time of communist rule)
Joachimsthal: Population development
within the current boundaries (2013)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 3,027—    
1890 2,723−0.70%
1910 3,068+0.60%
1925 3,149+0.17%
1933 3,145−0.02%
1939 3,390+1.26%
1946 4,105+2.77%
1950 4,194+0.54%
1964 3,789−0.72%
1971 3,619−0.65%
1981 3,425−0.55%
1985 3,273−1.13%
1989 3,127−1.13%
1990 3,087−1.28%
1991 3,035−1.68%
1992 3,162+4.18%
1993 3,148−0.44%
1994 3,073−2.38%
1995 3,117+1.43%
1996 3,203+2.76%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1997 3,390+5.84%
1998 3,461+2.09%
1999 3,476+0.43%
2000 3,448−0.81%
2001 3,419−0.84%
2002 3,448+0.85%
2003 3,454+0.17%
2004 3,388−1.91%
2005 3,349−1.15%
2006 3,368+0.57%
2007 3,357−0.33%
2008 3,292−1.94%
2009 3,271−0.64%
2010 3,303+0.98%
2011 3,297−0.18%
2012 3,311+0.42%
2013 3,375+1.93%
2014 3,352−0.68%
2015 3,465+3.37%
2016 3,446−0.55%

See also[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Sons and daughters[edit]

Franz Ernst Neumann

Honorary citizen[edit]

The first hinorary citizen (1951) was S. K. Thoden van Velzen (1870-1957), who worked as a doctor in the city. In the last days of the Second World War, he prevented the destruction of the city, with a white flag of the approaching Red Army.

Persons associated with Joachimsthal[edit]

  • Friedrich Brunold (1811-1894), Brandenburg writer, died in Joachimsthal

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Joachimsthal (Barnim) at Wikimedia Commons