Bennett ca. 1938
|Born||Joan Geraldine Bennett
February 27, 1910
Fort Lee, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||December 7, 1990
Scarsdale, New York, U.S.
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
Joan Geraldine Bennett (February 27, 1910 – December 7, 1990) was an American stage, film and television actress. Besides acting on the stage, Bennett appeared in more than 70 motion pictures from the era of silent movies, well into the sound era. She is possibly best-remembered for her film noir femme fatale roles in director Fritz Lang's movies such as The Woman in the Window (1944) and Scarlet Street (1945).
Bennett had three distinct phases to her long and successful career, first as a winsome blonde ingenue, then as a sensuous brunette femme fatale (with looks that movie magazines often compared to those of Hedy Lamarr), and finally as a warmhearted wife/mother figure.
In 1951, Bennett's screen career was marred by scandal after her third husband, film producer Walter Wanger, shot and injured her agent Jennings Lang. Wanger suspected that Lang and Bennett were having an affair, a charge which she adamantly denied. Bennett married four times.
In the 1960s, she achieved success for her portrayal of Elizabeth Collins Stoddard on TV's Dark Shadows, for which she received an Emmy nomination (1968). For her final movie role, as Madame Blanc in Dario Argento's cult horror film Suspiria (1977), she received a Saturn Award nomination. In her New York Times obituary she was said to be "...one of the most underrated actresses of her time".
She was born in the Palisades section of Fort Lee, New Jersey, the third of three daughters of actor Richard Bennett and actress/literary agent Adrienne Morrison. Her older sisters were actress Constance Bennett and actress/dancer Barbara Bennett, who was the first wife of singer Morton Downey and the mother of Morton Downey, Jr.
Part of a famous theatrical family, Bennett's maternal grandfather was Jamaica-born Shakespearean actor Lewis Morrison, who embarked on a stage career in the late 1860s. He was of English, Spanish, Jewish, and African ancestry. On the side of her maternal grandmother, actress Rose Wood, the profession dated back to traveling minstrels in 18th century England.
Bennett first appeared in a silent movie as a child with her parents and sisters in her father's drama The Valley of Decision (1916), which he adapted for the screen. She attended Miss Hopkins School for Girls in Manhattan, then St. Margaret's, a boarding school in Waterbury, Connecticut, and L'Hermitage, a finishing school in Versailles, France.
On September 15, 1926, 16 year old Bennett married John M. Fox in London. They were divorced on July 30, 1928 in Los Angeles, on charges of his alcoholism. They had one child, Adrienne Ralston Fox (born February 20, 1928), for whom Bennet fought successfully in court to rename Diana Bennett Markey, when the child was eight years old, changed again to Diana Bennett Wanger in 1944.
Bennett's stage debut was at age 18, acting with her father in Jarnegan (1928), which ran on Broadway for 136 performances and for which she received good reviews. By age 19, she had become a movie star through such roles as Phyllis Benton in the mystery/thriller talkie Bulldog Drummond starring Ronald Colman, which was her first important role, and Lady Clarissa Pevensey opposite George Arliss in the biopic Disraeli (both 1929).
She moved quickly from movie to movie throughout the 1930s. Bennett appeared as a blonde (her natural hair color) for several years. She starred in the role of Dolores Fenton in the United Artists musical Puttin' on the Ritz (1930) opposite Harry Richman and as Faith Mapple, his beloved, opposite John Barrymore in an early sound version of Moby Dick (1930) at Warner Brothers Studios.
Under contract to Fox Film Corporation, she appeared in several movies. Receiving top billing, she played the role of Jane Miller opposite Spencer Tracy in She Wanted a Millionaire (1932). She was billed second, after Tracy, for her role as Helen Riley, a personable waitress who trades wisecracks, in Me and My Gal (1932).
On March 16, 1932, she married screenwriter/film producer Gene Markey in Los Angeles, but the couple divorced in Los Angeles on June 3, 1937. They had one child, Melinda Markey (born February 27, 1934, on Bennett's 24th birthday).
Bennett left Fox to play Amy, a pert sister competing with Katharine Hepburn's Jo in Little Women (1933), which was directed by George Cukor for RKO. This movie brought Bennett to the attention of independent film producer Walter Wanger, who signed her to a contract and began managing her career. She played the role of Sally MacGregor, a psychiatrist's young wife slipping into insanity, in Private Worlds (1935) with Joel McCrea. She starred in the film Vogues of 1938 (1937), including the title sequence, where she donned a diamond and platinum bracelet set with the Star of Burma ruby.(p15) Wanger and director Tay Garnett persuaded Bennett to change her hair from blonde to brunette as part of the plot for her role as Kay Kerrigan in the scenic Trade Winds (1938) opposite Fredric March.
With her change in appearance, Bennett began an entirely new screen career as her persona evolved into that of a glamorous, seductive femme fatale. She played the role of Princess Maria Theresa in The Man in the Iron Mask (1939) opposite Louis Hayward, and the role of the Grand Duchess Zona of Lichtenburg in The Son of Monte Cristo (1940) opposite Hayward.
During the search for an actress to play Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind, Bennett was given a screen test and impressed producer David O. Selznick to such an extent that she was one of the final four actresses, along with Jean Arthur, Vivien Leigh and Paulette Goddard. (Selznick, of course, eventually cast Vivien Leigh in the coveted role.)
On January 12, 1940, Bennett and Walter Wanger were married in Phoenix. They were divorced in September 1965 in Mexico. They had two children together, Stephanie Wanger (born June 26, 1943) and Shelley Wanger (born July 4, 1948). The following year on March 13, 1949, she became a grandmother at age 39, similar to her co-star Elizabeth Taylor who became a grandmother at the same age (she and Taylor also shared a February 27 birthday, and each gave birth to one of their children on their birthdays. They also played Amy March in Little Women - Bennett in the 1933 RKO version; Taylor in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer remake in 1949.).
Combined with her sultry eyes and husky voice, Bennett's new brunette look gave her an earthier, more arresting persona. She won praise for her performances as Brenda Bentley in the crime/drama The House Across the Bay (1940), also featuring George Raft, and as Carol Hoffman in the anti-Nazi drama The Man I Married, a film in which Francis Lederer also starred.
She then appeared in a sequence of highly regarded film noir thrillers directed by Fritz Lang, with whom she and Wanger formed their own production company. Bennett appeared in four movies under Lang's direction, including as Cockney Jerry Stokes in Man Hunt (1941) opposite Walter Pidgeon, as mysterious model Alice Reed in The Woman in the Window (1944) with Edward G. Robinson, and as vulgar blackmailer Katharine "Kitty" March in Scarlet Street (1945), another film with Robinson.
Bennett was the shrewish, cuckolding wife, Margaret Macomber, in Zoltan Korda's The Macomber Affair (1947) opposite Gregory Peck, as the deceitful wife, Peggy, in Jean Renoir's The Woman on the Beach (also 1947) opposite Robert Ryan and Charles Bickford, and as the tormented blackmail victim Lucia Harper in Max Ophüls' The Reckless Moment (1949) opposite James Mason. Then, easily shifting images again, she changed her screen persona to that of an elegant, witty and nurturing wife and mother in two classic comedies directed by Vincente Minnelli.
She made a number of radio appearances from the 1930s to the 1950s, performing on such programs as The Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy Show, Duffy's Tavern, The Jack Benny Program, Ford Theater, Suspense and the anthology series Lux Radio Theater and Screen Guild Theater.
For twelve years, Bennett was represented by agent Jennings Lang. She and the onetime vice-president of the Sam Jaffe Agency, who now headed MCA's West Coast television operations, met on the afternoon of December 13, 1951, to talk over an upcoming TV show.
Bennett parked her Cadillac convertible in the lot at the back of the MCA offices, at Santa Monica Boulevard and Rexford Drive, across the street from the Beverly Hills Police Department, and she and Lang drove off in his car. Meanwhile, her husband Walter Wanger drove by at about 2:30 p.m. and noticed his wife's car parked there. Half an hour later, he again saw her car there and stopped to wait. Bennett and Lang drove into the parking lot a few hours later and he walked her to her convertible. As she started the engine, turned on the headlights and prepared to drive away, Lang leaned on the car, with both hands raised to his shoulders, and talked to her.
In a fit of jealousy, Wanger walked up and twice shot and wounded the unsuspecting agent. One bullet hit Jennings in the right thigh, near the hip, and the other penetrated his groin. Bennett said she did not see Wanger at first. She said she suddenly saw two livid flashes, then Lang slumped to the ground. As soon as she recognized who had fired the shots, she told Wanger, "Get away and leave us alone." He tossed the pistol into his wife's car.
She and the parking lot's service station manager took Lang to the agent's doctor. He was then taken to a hospital, where he recovered. The police, who had heard the shots, came to the scene and found the gun in Bennett's car when they took Wanger into custody. Wanger was booked and fingerprinted, and underwent lengthy questioning.
"I shot him because I thought he was breaking up my home," Wanger told the chief of police of Beverly Hills. He was booked on suspicion of assault with intent to commit murder. Bennett denied a romance, however. "But if Walter thinks the relationships between Mr. Lang and myself are romantic or anything but strictly business, he is wrong," she declared. She blamed the trouble on financial setbacks involving film productions Wanger was involved with, and said he was on the verge of a nervous breakdown. The following day Wanger, out on bond, returned to their Holmby Hills home, collected his belongings and moved. Bennett, however, said there would not be a divorce.
The following is extracted from the book On Sunset Boulevard (1998, p. 431) by Ed Sikov.
In 1951, producer Walter Wanger discovered that his wife, Joan Bennett, was having an affair with the agent Jennings Lang. Their encounters were brief and frequent. When Lang and Bennett weren't meeting clandestinely at vacation spots like New Orleans and the West Indies, they were back in L.A. enjoying weekday quickies at a Beverly Hills apartment otherwise occupied by one of Lang's underlings at the agency. When Wanger found proof of the affair, he did what any crazed cuckold would do: he shot Lang in the balls.
On December 14, Bennett issued a statement in which she said she hoped her husband "will not be blamed too much" for wounding her agent. She read the prepared statement in the bedroom of her home to a group of newspapermen while TV cameras recorded the scene.
Wanger's attorney, Jerry Giesler, mounted a "temporary insanity" defense. He then decided to waive his rights to a jury and threw himself on the mercy of the court. Wanger served a four-month sentence in the County Honor Farm at Castaic, 39 miles north of Downtown Los Angeles, quickly returning to his career to make a series of successful films.
Bennett made only five movies in the decade that followed, as the shooting incident was a stain on her career and she became virtually blacklisted. Blaming the scandal that occurred for destroying her career in the motion picture industry, she once said, "I might as well have pulled the trigger myself." Although Humphrey Bogart, a longtime friend of Bennett, pleaded with the studio on her behalf to keep her role as Amelie Ducotel in We're No Angels (1955), that movie proved to be one of her last.
As the movie offers dwindled after the scandal, Bennett continued touring in stage successes, such as Susan and God, Once More, with Feeling, The Pleasure of His Company and Never Too Late. Her next TV appearance was in the role as Bettina Blane for an episode of General Electric Theater in 1954. Other roles include Honora in Climax! (1955) and Vickie Maxwell in Playhouse 90 (1957). In 1958, she appeared as the mother in the short-lived television comedy/drama Too Young to Go Steady to teenagers played by Brigid Bazlen and Martin Huston.
She starred on Broadway in the comedy Love Me Little (1958), which ran for only eight performances.
Of the scandal, in a 1981 interview, Bennett contrasted the judgmental 1950's with the sensation-crazed 70's and 80's. "It would never happen that way today," she said, laughing. "If it happened today, I'd be a sensation. I'd be wanted by all studios for all pictures."
Despite the shooting scandal and the damage it caused Bennett's career, she and Wanger remained married until 1965. She continued to work steadily on the stage and in television, including her guest role as Denise Mitchell in an episode of TV's Burke's Law (1965).
Bennett received star billing on the gothic daytime television soap opera Dark Shadows, which attracted a major cult TV following, for its entire five-year run, 1966 to 1971, receiving an Emmy Award nomination in 1968 for her performance as Elizabeth Collins Stoddard, mistress of the haunted Collinwood Mansion. Her other roles on Dark Shadows were Naomi Collins, Judith Collins Trask, Elizabeth Collins Stoddard PT, Flora Collins, and Flora Collins PT. In 1970, she appeared as Elizabeth in House of Dark Shadows, the feature film adaptation of the series. She declined to appear in the sequel Night of Dark Shadows however, and her character Elizabeth was mentioned as being recently deceased.
Other TV guest appearances include Bennett's roles as Joan Darlene Delaney in an episode of The Governor & J.J. (1970) and as Edith in an episode of Love, American Style (1971). She starred in five made-for-TV movies between 1972 and 1982.
Bennett also appeared in one more feature film, as Madame Blanc in Italian director Dario Argento's horror thriller Suspiria (1977), for which she received a 1978 Saturn Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
Bennett died of heart failure on the Friday evening of December 7, 1990, at age 80 from a heart attack at her home in Scarsdale, New York. She is interred in Pleasant View Cemetery, Lyme, Connecticut, with her parents.
|1916||Valley of Decision, TheThe Valley of Decision||unborn soul|
|1923||Eternal City, TheThe Eternal City||Page||uncredited|
|1929||Divine Lady, TheThe Divine Lady||extra||uncredited|
|1929||Bulldog Drummond||Phyllis Benton|
|1929||Three Live Ghosts||Rose Gordon|
|1929||Disraeli||Lady Clarissa Pevensey|
|1929||The Mississippi Gambler||Lucy Blackburn|
|1930||Puttin' on the Ritz||Delores Fenton|
|1930||Crazy That Way||Ann Jordan|
|1930||Moby Dick||Faith Mapple, his beloved|
|1930||Maybe It's Love (a.k.a. Eleven Men and a Girl)||Nan Sheffield|
|1930||Scotland Yard||Xandra, Lady Lasher|
|1931||Many a Slip||Pat Coster|
|1931||Doctors' Wives||Nina Wyndram|
|1931||Hush Money||Joan Gordon|
|1932||She Wanted a Millionaire||Jane Miller|
|1932||Careless Lady||Sally Brown|
|1932||The Trial of Vivienne Ware||Vivienne Ware|
|1932||Week Ends Only||Venetia Carr|
|1932||Wild Girl||Salomy Jane|
|1932||Me and My Gal||Helen Riley|
|1933||Arizona to Broadway||Lynn Martin|
|1934||The Pursuit of Happiness||Prudence Kirkland|
|1934||The Man Who Reclaimed His Head||Adele Verin|
|1935||Private Worlds||Sally MacGregor|
|1935||Two for Tonight||Bobbie Lockwood|
|1935||She Couldn't Take It||Carol Van Dyke|
|1935||The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo||Helen Berkeley|
|1936||Big Brown Eyes||Eve Fallon|
|1936||Thirteen Hours by Air||Felice Rollins|
|1936||Two in a Crowd||Julia Wayne|
|1936||Wedding Present||Monica "Rusty" Fleming|
|1937||Vogues of 1938||Wendy Van Klettering|
|1938||I Met My Love Again||Julie|
|1938||Texans, TheThe Texans||Ivy Preston|
|1938||Artists and Models Abroad||Patricia Harper|
|1938||Trade Winds||Kay Kerrigan|
|1939||Man in the Iron Mask, TheThe Man in the Iron Mask||Princess Maria Theresa|
|1939||Housekeeper's Daughter, TheThe Housekeeper's Daughter||Hilda|
|1940||Green Hell||Stephanie Richardson|
|1940||House Across the Bay, TheThe House Across the Bay||Brenda Bentley|
|1940||Man I Married, TheThe Man I Married||Carol Hoffman|
|1940||Son of Monte Cristo, TheThe Son of Monte Cristo||Grand Duchess Zona of Lichtenburg|
|1941||She Knew All the Answers||Gloria Winters|
|1941||Man Hunt||Jerry Stokes|
|1941||Wild Geese Calling||Sally Murdock|
|1941||Confirm or Deny||Jennifer Carson|
|1942||Wife Takes a Flyer, TheThe Wife Takes a Flyer||Anita Woverman|
|1942||Twin Beds||Julie Abbott|
|1942||Girl Trouble||June Delaney|
|1943||Margin for Error||Sophia Baumer|
|1944||Woman in the Window, TheThe Woman in the Window||Alice Reed|
|1945||Nob Hill||Harriet Carruthers|
|1945||Scarlet Street||Katharine "Kitty" March|
|1946||Colonel Effingham's Raid||Ella Sue Dozier|
|1947||Macomber Affair, TheThe Macomber Affair||Margaret Macomber|
|1947||Woman on the Beach, TheThe Woman on the Beach||Peggy|
|1948||Secret Beyond the Door...||Celia Lamphere|
|1948||Hollow Triumph||Evelyn Hahn|
|1949||Reckless Moment, TheThe Reckless Moment||Lucia Harper|
|1950||Father of the Bride||Ellie Banks|
|1950||For Heaven's Sake||Lydia Bolton|
|1951||Father's Little Dividend||Ellie Banks|
|1951||Guy Who Came Back, TheThe Guy Who Came Back||Kathy Joplin|
|1954||Highway Dragnet||Mrs. Cummings|
|1955||We're No Angels||Amelie Ducotel|
|1956||There's Always Tomorrow||Marion Groves|
|1956||Navy Wife||Peg Blain|
|1960||Desire in the Dust||Mrs. Marquand|
|1970||House of Dark Shadows||Elizabeth Collins Stoddard|
|1941||Philip Morris Playhouse||Girl in the News|
|1946||Screen Guild Players||Experiment Perilous|
- Erickson, Hal Biography (AllMovie)
- Los Angeles Times, Dec. 14, 1951, "Joan Bennett Sees Mate Shoot Agent --- 'Thought He Was Breaking Up My Home,' Says Wanger --- Jennings Lang Hit by Two Bullets; Actress Denies Any Romance," p. 1
- Staff. "Actress Joan Bennett Dead At 80", Associated Press, December 10, 1990. Accessed December 12, 2013. "The actress, born in Fort Lee, N.J., made her 1928 debut in the Broadway play Jarnegan."
- Downey, Phil, A Black, Jewish Officer in the Civil War, Jewish-American History Documentation Foundation. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Bennett, Joan; Lois Kibbee (1970). The Bennett Playbill. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 0-03-081840-0.
- Los Angeles Times, July 31, 1928, "Daughter Of Actor Divorced --- Joan Bennett Fox Wins Decree on Charges of Mate's Intoxication," p. A 20
- Los Angeles Times, Aug. 22, 1936, "Wins Fight Over Daughter's Surname --- Child Given New Name --- Young Daughter Becomes Diana Markey Under Court Decision," p. 3
- Los Angeles Times, Apr. 18, 1944, "Wanger Moves to Adopt Child of Joan Bennett," p. 2
- "Bennett Sister Weds Here --- Actress Becomes Scenarist's Bride," Los Angeles Times, March 17, 1932, p.A 2
- "Actress' Marital Tie Cut --- Joan Bennett Granted Divorce From Gene Markey, Writer", Los Angeles Times, June 4, 1937, p.3
- Markowitz, Yvonne J. (2014). The Jewels of Trabert & Hoeffer-Mauboussin. Boston, Massachusetts: MFA Publications, Museum of Fine Arts. ISBN 978-0-87846-811-9. LCCN 2013957243. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
- "Joan Bennett and Wanger Marry in Phoenix Elopement – Actress and Producer Make Trip by Auto; Announce They'll Return to Hollywood Today", Los Angeles Times, January 13, 1940, p.1
- "Joan Bennett Divorced", New York Times, Sep. 21, 1965, p. SU 3_3
- Los Angeles Times, Dec. 15, 1951, "Detectives Shadowed Joan For Months, Says Wanger --- Film Producer Tells Reasons for Jealousy; Divorce Discussed," p. 1
- Los Angeles Times, Dec. 15, 1951, "Joan Bennett Hopes Wanger 'Won't Be Blamed Too Much' --- Statement Cites Film Producer's Money Worries," p. A
- Los Angeles Times, April 15, 1952, "Wanger Fate Will Rest On Transcript --- Producer to Escape Open Trial by Letting Judge Decide Case on Grand Jury Evidence," p. 1
- Los Angeles Times, Sep. 13, 1952, "Wanger to Be Released From County Jail Today," p. A 1
- Los Angeles Times, April 3, 1952, "Joan Bennett to Play Witch if Wanger Trial Is on Time," p. 4
- "Her Father's Daughter --- The Bennett Playbill By Joan Bennett and Lois Kibbee", New York Times, Nov. 29, 1970, p.322
- "Notes on People", New York Times, February 16, 1978, p.C 2
- Flint, Peter B. (9 Dec 1990). "Joan Bennett, Whose Roles Ripened From Sweet to Siren, Dies at 80". The New York Times. pp. A52.
- Social Security Death Index, Name: Joan Bennett, Birth: 27 Feb 1910, SSN: 568-16-0948, Issued: California, Death: 07 Dec 1990, Last Residence: 10583 (Scarsdale, Westchester Co., NY).
- New York Times, Dec. 9, 1990, "Joan Bennett, Whose Roles Ripened From Sweet to Siren, Dies at 80," p. 52
- "(photo caption)". Harrisburg Telegraph. November 15, 1941. p. 29. Retrieved July 26, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Bennett, Brent, Menjou Star on "Screen Guild"". Harrisburg Telegraph. October 12, 1946. p. 17. Retrieved October 1, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Bennett, Joan (1943). How to Be Attractive. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 131 pp.
- Bennett, Joan; Kibbee, Lois (1970). The Bennett Playbill. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 0-03-081840-0. 332 pp.
- Hamrick, Craig; Jamison, R. J. (2012). Barnabas & Company: The Cast of the TV Classic Dark Shadows. Revised ed. iUniverse. pp 41–53. ISBN 978-1-4759-1034-6.
- Kellow, Brian (2004). The Bennetts: An Acting Family. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2329-1. 530. pp.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joan Bennett.|
- Joan Bennett at the Internet Movie Database
- Joan Bennett at the Internet Broadway Database
- Joan Bennett at AllMovie
- Joan Bennett at the TCM Movie Database
- Photos of Joan Bennett in 'Trade Winds' 1938 by Ned Scott
- Joan Bennett Photo Gallery
- A collection of old time radio recordings featuring Joan Bennett