10 September 1998
Joan Brossa i Cuervo
19 January 1919
|Died||30 December 1998 (aged 79)|
|Known for||Poetry, Theatre, Sculpture, Plastic Arts, Graphic Design|
|Movement||surrealism, dada, Dau al Set,|
Joan Brossa (Catalan pronunciation: [ʒuˈam ˈbɾɔsə]; 19 January 1919 – 30 December 1998) was a Spanish poet, playwright, graphic designer and visual artist. He wrote his huge literary work in the Catalan language only.
He was one of the founders of both the group and the publication known as Dau-al-Set (1948) and one of the leading early proponents of visual poetry in Catalan literature. Although he was in the vanguard of the post-war poets. He also wrote hundreds of formally perfect sonnets, saphic odes and sestinas as well as thousands of free and direct poems. His creative work embraced every aspect of the arts: cinema, theatre (more of 360 pieces), music, cabaret, the para-theatrical arts, magic and the circus.
Life and work
For him, expression had priority over content, and he managed to give his poetry the appearance of plays on words. His lyrical work is connected with the theatre while the totality of his literature (more of 80 books, all written in the Catalan language) is impregnated with the theatrical dimension as he always employed a broad and interdisciplinary vision of culture, the arts in general and the performance arts in particular. This vision was expressed in his literary and visual works which often appeared as satirical, cutting, ironic and critical or, on other occasions, irreverent yet playful. In the latter years of his creative life, he received a number of awards such as the National Prize for the Visual Arts (1992), the National Theatre Prize (1998) and the UNESCO Picasso Medal. He has been posthumously awarded doctorate honoris causa from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (1999). He was a member and then Honorary Member of the Associació d'Escriptors en Llengua Catalana (Association of Catalan Language Writers). His visual poetry (poesia plàstica), obviously placed beyond all linguistic borders, is recognized as a reference the world over.
He collaborated in the foundation of the Espai Escenic Joan Brossa (The Joan Brossa Theatrical Space) in the Born district of Barcelona, this being the initiative of the theatre director and actor Hermann Bonnín and the magician Hausson, who continued along the theatrical lines espoused by Brossa.
Dau al Set
Members of Dau-al-Set included:
- Joan Brossa
- Antoni Tàpies
- Joan Ponç
- Arnau Puig
- Modest Cuixart
- Joan-Josep Tharrats
- Juan-Eduardo Cirlot
"Joan Brossa: Lying A with a fish", the City Hall of Mollet del Vallès
“The grasshopper, Headquarters of the Association of Technical Architects of Barcelona (1993). Designed by the artist and designer Josep Pla-Narbona from Joan Brossa’s idea of the whole facade
- Eye, Number 37, Volume 10, Autumn 2000.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joan Brossa.|
- Joan Brossa in LletrA, Catalan Literature Online (Open University of Catalonia) (in English) (in Spanish) (in Catalan)
- Page on Joan Brossa, in the AELC (in English) (in Spanish) (in Catalan). AELC, Association of Writers in Catalan Language, of which Brossa was an honorary member.
- Works of Joan Brossa (in Catalan) Full and updated lists of his published essential works, his complementary editions, catalogues of his exhibitions and translations of his works in other languages.
- Bibliography on Joan Brossa (in Catalan). A very complete site.
- Virtual Exhibition "Els entra-i-surts de Brossa" (in Catalan). Interactive website edited by lletrA, Catalan Literature Online (Open University of Catalonia and Fundació Joan Brossa).
- English translations of Brossa's The Poet Finds a Theme and Time
- Private website Joan Brossa.org
- Joan Brossa work website[permanent dead link]