Joan E. Donoghue
|Judge of the International Court of Justice|
|Assumed office |
September 13, 2010
|Preceded by||Thomas Buergenthal|
|Born||12 December 1957|
|Alma mater||University of California, Santa Cruz|
University of California, Berkeley
Joan E. Donoghue (born December 12, 1957) is an American jurist, and a Judge on the International Court of Justice. She was elected to that post in 2010 and re-elected in 2014. She has two sons, Adam and Casey Shamma.
Donoghue graduated from the University of California, Santa Cruz, with honors degrees in Russian Studies and in Biology, in 1978, and the Boalt Hall School of Law, of the University of California, Berkeley, with her Juris Doctor, in 1981.
In the 1980s, Donoghue acted as attorney-advisor for the U.S. in Nicaragua v. United States. She was the General Counsel of Freddie Mac from 2003 to 2005, and served as Deputy Legal Adviser at the United States State Department from 2007 to 2010.
International Court of Justice
Donoghue was elected to the ICJ on September 9, 2010 to fill the place left vacant by the resignation of Thomas Buergenthal. Pursuant to the Statute of the International Court of Justice, Donoghue completed the remainder of the nine-year term for which Buergenthal had been elected, which expired on February 5, 2015.
Donoghue's name had been the only nomination for this ICJ vacancy received by the Secretary-General within the specified time. (After the expiration of the deadline for submissions of nominations, the Secretariat received communications from the national group of Colombia also nominating a candidate.) In the General Assembly, Donoghue received 159 votes out of 167 valid ballots (there were 8 abstentions). In the Security Council, she received all 15 votes. Donoghue was sworn in as a member of the ICJ on September 13, 2010.
Although the ICJ was established in 1945, Donoghue was only the fourth woman elected to be a member of the Court. Of the Court's 15 members, three are now female (the others are Xue Hanqin, sworn in on the same day as Donoghue, and Julia Sebutinde, who joined the Court in 2012).. Previously, Rosalyn Higgins served both as judge and as president of the Court (1995-2009).
In 2014, Donoghue was nominated for a second term on the ICJ, and was easily re-elected with 156 votes in the first round of voting at the International Court of Justice judges election, 2014.
- United Nations Security Council S/PV.6381 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- "General Assembly document GA/10978". 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- International Court of Justice biography. Accessed December 4, 2010.
- "Elections to fill vacancies in principal organs: election of a member of the International Court of Justice". 2010-08-23. UN document ID:S/2010/443. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- A/64/PV.118 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- "Swearing-in of two new Members of the Court at a public sitting on Monday 13 September 2010 at 10 a.m." (PDF) (Press release). International Court of Justice. 2010-09-10. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- Marcia Coyle (2010-09-13). "New Judge Will Mark Historic Moment for World Court". The National Law Journal.
- Judge Donoghue's biography on the website of the International Court of Justice (retrieved 2013-03-26)
- Lawyering for Peace, a lecture by Judge Joan E. Donoghue in the Lecture Series of the United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law (retrieved 2013-03-26)