Joan Gamper Trophy

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Joan Gamper Trophy
Trofeu Joan Gamper
Founded1966
RegionCatalonia
Number of teams4 (1966–96)
2 (1997–)
Current championsBarcelona (42nd title)
Most successful club(s)Barcelona (42 titles)
Television broadcastersTV3 Televisió de Catalunya
Barça TV
WebsiteFC Barcelona

The Joan Gamper Trophy (Catalan: Trofeu Joan Gamper) or Joan Gamper Cup is an annual friendly football match held in August, before the start of FC Barcelona's La Liga season.[1] The competition is hosted by FC Barcelona at the Camp Nou stadium and is named in honour of Joan Gamper, a founding member, player, and later president of the club. The competition was inaugurated in 1966 by Enric Llaudet, one of Gamper's successors as club president.[2] The trophy itself is an 800 grams (1.8 lb) silver cup with five micrometres of gold finishing, on top of a 10 kilograms (22 lb) marble plinth base.[3]

Initially, four teams participated in the competition, which featured two semi-finals, a third-place play-off, and a final. For the first competition in 1966, Barcelona were joined by Belgium's R.S.C. Anderlecht, France's FC Nantes, and Germany's FC Köln. Barcelona beat the German team 3–1 in the final. Köln subsequently won the competition in 1978 and 1981 and were runners-up in 1979, making them the only team, other than the hosts, to win the competition more than once. The next edition saw the first appearance of another Spanish team, Atlético Madrid, who along with the hosts, were joined by German side Bayern Munich, and Argentina's Boca Juniors. The latter two clubs are among the most regular guests. Bayern were runners-up in 1984, 1987 and 2006, while Boca became the first of several South American guests to be invited and have since returned in 1977, 1984, 2003, 2008 and 2018. The only non-European team to win the tournament was Brazil's Internacional, in 1982.

Subsequent competitions have included teams from Italy's Serie A, Germany's Bundesliga. Other top-flight Spanish clubs have also occasionally been invited, including Tenerife and Valencia, who were winners in 1993 and 1994, respectively. Since 1997, the competition has only featured a one-off game, the tournament being shortened due to an increased fixture list and a shorter close season.[1] If the match is tied after 90 minutes, no extra-time is played and the winner is decided by a penalty shoot-out.

Winners[edit]

List of finals[edit]

A (a.e.t.) marks the winner was determined after extra time.
A (p) marks the winner was determined after a penalty shootout.

Four teams (1966–1996)[edit]

Year Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1966 Spain Barcelona 3–1 West Germany 1. FC Köln Belgium Anderlecht 7–0 France Nantes
1967 2–1 Spain Atlético Madrid Argentina Boca Juniors 1–0 West Germany Bayern Munich
1968 5–4 Brazil Flamengo Spain Athletic Bilbao 3–1 West Germany Werder Bremen
1969 2–1 Spain Zaragoza Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava 2–1 Argentina Estudiantes
1970 Hungary Újpest 3–1 Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow Spain Barcelona 1–0 West Germany Schalke 04
1971 Spain Barcelona 1–0 Argentina Chacarita Juniors Hungary Budapest Honvéd 2–0 West Germany Bayern Munich
1972 West Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach 3–2 Bulgaria CSKA Sofia Spain Barcelona 0–0 (p) Brazil Vasco da Gama
1973 Spain Barcelona 2–2 (p) West Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach Argentina San Lorenzo 1–1 (p) Peru Municipal
1974 4–1 Scotland Rangers Spain Athletic Bilbao 1–0 Netherlands Ajax
1975 2–1 Netherlands Feyenoord Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava 1–1 (p) Hungary Újpest
1976 2–0 West Germany Eintracht Frankfurt Soviet Union CSKA Moscow
1977 4–1 West Germany Schalke 04 Argentina Boca Juniors 2–1 Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava
1978 West Germany 1. FC Köln 5–0 Austria Rapid Wien Spain Barcelona 3–2 Brazil Botafogo
1979 Spain Barcelona 3–2 (a.e.t.) West Germany Köln Belgium Anderlecht 2–2 (p) Switzerland Zürich
1980 2–1 Brazil Vasco da Gama Argentina River Plate 0–0 (p) Netherlands PSV Eindhoven
1981 West Germany 1. FC Köln 4–0 Spain Barcelona Brazil Vasco da Gama 2–1 England Ipswich Town
1982 Brazil Internacional 3–1 England Manchester City Spain Barcelona 1–1 (p) West Germany 1. FC Köln
1983 Spain Barcelona 2–1 West Germany Borussia Dortmund Belgium Anderlecht 4–2 England Nottingham Forest
1984 3–1 West Germany Bayern Munich Argentina Boca Juniors 2–0 England Aston Villa
1985 3–1 West Germany Hamburger SV Netherlands Ajax 4–2 Austria Rapid Wien
1986 1–0 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven England Tottenham Hotspur 2–1 Italy Milan
1987 Portugal Porto 2–0 West Germany Bayern Munich Spain Barcelona 3–2 Netherlands Ajax
1988 Spain Barcelona 3–1 Romania Steaua București Uruguay Peñarol 3–3 (p) Netherlands PSV Eindhoven
1989 Belgium Mechelen 2–0 France Sochaux Spain Barcelona 1–0 Brazil Internacional
1990 Spain Barcelona 3–1 Belgium Anderlecht Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 2–1 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow
1991 3–0 France Marseille Brazil Internacional 2–0 Austria Rapid Wien
1992 2–0 Netherlands Feyenoord Belgium Club Brugge 3–3 (p) Bulgaria CSKA Sofia
1993 Spain Tenerife 3–1 Spain Barcelona France Bordeaux 2–0 Croatia Hajduk Split
1994 Spain Valencia 4–1 Spain Barcelona Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 2–1 Italy Brescia
1995 Spain Barcelona 5–1 Argentina San Lorenzo Netherlands Feyenoord 3–2 Bulgaria CSKA Sofia
1996 2–1 Italy Internazionale Belgium Anderlecht 3–2 Argentina San Lorenzo

Two teams (1997–present)[edit]

Year Winner Score Runner-up Attendance
1997 Spain Barcelona 2–2 (p) Italy Sampdoria
1998 2–2 (p) Brazil Santos
1999 2–1 Portugal Sporting CP
2000 2–1 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven
2001 3–2 Italy Parma
2002 1–0 Serbia and Montenegro Red Star Belgrade
2003 1–1 (p) Argentina Boca Juniors
2004 2–1 Italy A.C. Milan
2005 Italy Juventus 2–2 (p) Spain Barcelona
2006 Spain Barcelona 4–0 Germany Bayern Munich
2007 5–0 Italy Internazionale
2008 2–1 Argentina Boca Juniors
2009 England Manchester City 1–0 Spain Barcelona
2010 Spain Barcelona 1–1 (p) Italy Milan
2011[4] 5–0 Italy Napoli
2012[5] Italy Sampdoria 1–0 Spain Barcelona 55,498
2013[6] Spain Barcelona 8–0 Brazil Santos 81,251
2014[7] 6–0 Mexico León 72,475
2015[8] 3–0 Italy Roma 94,422
2016[9] 3–2 Italy Sampdoria 72,334
2017[10][11] 5–0 Brazil Chapecoense 64,705
2018[12] 3–0 Argentina Boca Juniors 70,089
2019[13] 2–1 England Arsenal 98,812

Titles by club[edit]

Team Titles
Spain Barcelona 42
Germany 1. FC Köln 2
Hungary Újpest 1
Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach
Brazil Internacional
Portugal Porto
Belgium Mechelen
Spain Tenerife
Spain Valencia
Italy Juventus
England Manchester City
Italy Sampdoria

Participation by club[edit]

Below is the participation by club listed, grouped by country.

Participation(s) Team(s)
54 Spain Barcelona
6 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven
Argentina Boca Juniors
5 Belgium Anderlecht
Germany Bayern Munich
Germany 1. FC Köln
3 Argentina San Lorenzo
Austria Rapid Wien
Brazil Internacional
Brazil Vasco da Gama
Bulgaria CSKA Sofia
Italy Milan
Italy Sampdoria
Netherlands Ajax
Netherlands Feyenoord
2 Brazil Santos
England Manchester City
Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach
Germany Schalke 04
Hungary Újpest
Italy Internazionale
Slovakia Slovan Bratislava
Spain Athletic Bilbao
1 Argentina Chacarita Juniors
Argentina Estudiantes
Argentina River Plate
Belgium Club Brugge
Belgium Mechelen
Brazil Botafogo
Brazil Chapecoense
Brazil Flamengo
Croatia Hajduk Split
Czech Republic Sparta Prague

England Arsenal
England Aston Villa
England Ipswich Town
England Nottingham Forest
England Tottenham Hotspur
France Bordeaux
France Marseille
France Nantes
France Sochaux
Germany Borussia Dortmund
Germany Eintracht Frankfurt
Germany Hamburger SV
Germany Werder Bremen
Hungary Budapest Honvéd
Italy Brescia
Italy Juventus
Italy Napoli
Italy Parma
Italy Roma
Mexico León
Peru Municipal
Portugal Sporting CP
Portugal Porto
Romania Steaua Bucureşti
Russia CSKA Moscow
Russia Dynamo Moscow
Russia Spartak Moscow
Scotland Rangers
Serbia Red Star Belgrade
Slovakia Spartak Trnava
Spain Atlético Madrid
Spain Tenerife
Spain Valencia
Spain Zaragoza
Switzerland Zürich
Uruguay Peñarol

Awards/Records[edit]

Awards[edit]

Lionel Messi holds a number of records in the history of the Joan Gamper Trophy.
Lionel Messi holds a number of records in the history of the Joan Gamper Trophy
Most Valuable Player

Records[edit]

Top goalscorers
Position Player Club Goals
1 Argentina Lionel Messi Spain Barcelona 9
2
Spain Juan Manuel Asensi 7
Spain Txiki Begiristain
Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov
3 Spain Josep Maria Fusté 6
Spain Marcial Pina

Consecutive goalscoring

  • Lionel Messi is the only player in the history of Joan Gamper Trophy who has scored in six consecutive editions (2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
  • Lozano Ferrer, Carles; et al. (19 February 2010). "Trofeo Joan Gamper (Barcelona-Spain) 1966–2008". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 June 2010.
Specific
  1. ^ a b Lozano Ferrer, Carles et al
  2. ^ "Enric Llaudet". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  3. ^ Miguel, J.; Giménez, S. (16 August 2008). "La gran fiesta culé". SPORT.es (in Spanish). Grupo Zeta. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  4. ^ Barcelona 5-0 Napoli: Fabregas nets debut goal as Spanish giants land Joan Gamper Trophy, Goal, 22 August 2011
  5. ^ Sampdoria wins FC Barcelona’s Joan Gamper Trophy (0-1), Catalan News, 21 August 2012
  6. ^ Barcelona 8 Santos 0 - Neymar and Lionel Messi on show as Spanish giants win Joan Gamper trophy, Daily Telegraph, 3 August 2013
  7. ^ The Gamper win over Club León in stats, FC Barcelona, 18 August 2014
  8. ^ Happy Gamper for FC Barcelona against Roma (3-0), FC Barcelona, 4 August 2015
  9. ^ FC Barcelona v UC Sampdoria: Gamp-iones! (3-2), FC Barcelona, 10 August 2016
  10. ^ FC Barcelona 5-0 Chapecoense: Football is the winner, FC Barcelona, 7 August 2017
  11. ^ "Chapecoense to wear special 71-star shirt against Barcelona to remember the victims of the plane crash". Mail Online. 3 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  12. ^ "Barcelona 3-0 Boca Juniors: New signing Malcom scores in Joan Gamper Trophy friendly". BBC Sport. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  13. ^ Barcelona 2 Arsenal 1: Late Luis Suarez goal seals Joan Gamper Trophy win after Ainsley Maitland-Niles own goal, Evening Standard, 4 August 2019
  14. ^ "Messi, MVP del Joan Gamper". MARCA.com (in Spanish). 3 August 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  15. ^ "Messi sí quiere". SPORT.es (in Spanish). Grupo Zeta. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  16. ^ "FC Barcelona v UC Sampdoria: Gamp-iones! (3-2) | FC Barcelona". www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  17. ^ "Leo Messi, MVP and top scorer in the Gamper | FC Barcelona". www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  18. ^ Sport (2018-08-16). "Messi wins the Estrella Damm award". sport. Retrieved 2018-08-18.