Joan Higginbotham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Joan Higginbotham
Joan Higginbotham.jpg
Born (1964-08-03) August 3, 1964 (age 57)
Alma materSouthern Illinois University, Carbondale (BS)
Florida Institute of Technology (MS, MS)
OccupationElectrical engineer
Space career
NASA Astronaut
Time in space
12d 20h 45m[1]
Selection1996 NASA Group
Mission insignia

Joan Elizabeth Higginbotham (born August 3, 1964) is an electrical engineer and a former NASA astronaut. She flew aboard Space Shuttle Discovery mission STS-116 as a mission specialist[2] and is the third African American woman to go into space, after Mae Jemison and Stephanie Wilson.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Higginbotham was born in Chicago, Illinois, and attended Whitney Young Magnet High School, graduating in 1982.[2] She received a Bachelor of Science degree from the Southern Illinois University Carbondale in 1987, and a master's in management science (1992) and in space systems (1996) both from the Florida Institute of Technology.

Higginbotham is a member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority and The Links, Incorporated.[2]



Joan E. Higginbotham (foreground) and Sunita L. Williams (Expedition 14 flight engineer) refer to a procedures checklist as they work the controls of the Canadarm2 in the International Space Station's Destiny laboratory during flight day four of STS-116.

Higginbotham began her career in 1987, two weeks after getting her Bachelor of Science degree,[3] at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida, as a Payload Electrical Engineer in the Electrical and Telecommunications Systems Division.[2][4] Within six months she became the lead for the Orbiter Experiments (OEX) on OV-102, the Space Shuttle Columbia. She later worked on the Shuttle payload bay reconfiguration for all Shuttle missions and conducted electrical compatibility tests for all payloads flown aboard the Shuttle. She was also tasked by KSC management to undertake several special assignments where she served as the Executive Staff Assistant to the Director of Shuttle Operations and Management, led a team of engineers in performing critical analysis for the Space Shuttle flow in support of a simulation model tool, and worked on an interactive display detailing the Space Shuttle processing procedures at Spaceport United States (Kennedy Space Center's Visitors Center). Higginbotham then served as backup orbiter project engineer for OV-104, Space Shuttle Atlantis, where she participated in the integration of the orbiter docking station (ODS) into the space shuttle used during Shuttle/Mir docking missions. Two years later, she was promoted to lead orbiter project engineer for OV-102, Space Shuttle Columbia. In this position, she held the technical lead government engineering position in the firing room where she supported and managed the integration of vehicle testing and troubleshooting. She actively participated in 53 space shuttle launches during her 9-year tenure at Kennedy Space Center.

Selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in April 1996, Higginbotham reported to the Johnson Space Center in August 1996. Since that time, she had been assigned technical duties in the Payloads & Habitability Branch, the Shuttle Avionics & Integration Laboratory (SAIL), the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Operations (Ops) Support Branch, where she tested various modules of the International Space Station for operability, compatibility, and functionality prior to launch, the Astronaut Office CAPCOM (Capsule Communicator) Branch in the startup and support of numerous space station missions and space shuttle missions, the Robotics Branch, and Lead for the International Space Station Systems Crew Interfaces Section.

Higginbotham logged over 308 hours in space during her mission with the crew of STS-116 where her primary task was to operate the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS). Higginbotham took a scarf for the Houston Dynamo on board with her during her mission.[5]

Higginbotham was originally assigned to the crew of STS-126 targeted for launch in September 2008.[6][7] On November 21, 2007, NASA announced a change in the crew manifest, due to Higginbotham's decision to leave NASA to take a job in the private sector.[8] Donald Pettit replaced Higginbotham for STS-126.[9]

Awards and honors[edit]

In 2007, Higginbotham received the Adler Planetarium Women in Space Science Award.[10]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "NASA STS-116". NASA.
  2. ^ a b c d e "NASA biography of Joan Higginbotham" (PDF). NASA. 2007. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
  3. ^ Deneal, Travis (August 21, 2002). "One Giant Leap for SIUC Graduate: Joan Higginbotham Joins Space Shuttle Crew Next Fall". The Southern. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "STS-116 NASA Preflight Interview: Mission Specialist Joan Higginbotham". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 2006. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
  5. ^ "La astronauta Higginbotham llevó al espacio una bufanda del Houston Dynamo" (in Spanish). Medio Tiempo. 2006. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
  6. ^ Tood Halvorson (October 17, 2007). "From KSC worker to astronaut". Florida Today. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  7. ^ "NASA Assigns Crew for Space Station Assembly Mission". NASA. 2007. Retrieved October 2, 2007.
  8. ^ "NASA Amends Crew Assignment for STS-126 Mission". NASA. 2007. Retrieved November 22, 2007.
  9. ^ Stephen Withers (2007). "Crew assignments for space shuttle mission STS-126 have been revised following the resignation of an experienced astronaut". iTWire. Archived from the original on June 5, 2008. Retrieved November 22, 2007.
  10. ^ a b "Women in Science: Joan E. Higginbotham wins Black Rose Award". Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  11. ^ a b "Higginbotham". Archived from the original on December 27, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  12. ^ a b c Nobles III, Wilborn (November 11, 2017). "Former astronaut Joan Higginbotham to be UNO's commencement speaker". The New Orleans Advocate. The Times-Picayune The New Orleans Advocate. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  13. ^ "50 Most Influential Women past winners". The Mecklenburg Times. BridgeTowerMedia. 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  14. ^ "Honorary Degree Previous Recipients". Southern Illinois University Carbondale. SIU Board of Trustees. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  15. ^ "TEDxBermuda". TED. TED Conferences, LLC. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  16. ^ "An astronaut's inspiring and winding road to space". Youtube. Youtube. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  17. ^ Bold visions : women in science and technology. New York: Creative Expansions, Inc. 2007. OCLC 213362306.