Joan Lily Amelia Hughes
27 April 1918
|Died||16 August 1993 (aged 75)|
Joan Lily Amelia Hughes, MBE (27 April 1918 – 16 August 1993) was a World War II ferry pilot and one of Britain's first female test pilots. She was considered a capable instructor and flew everything except flying boats.
Hughes was born in West Ham, Essex in 1918. Her mother was Lily Amelia Lekeup and her father Arthur Edward Hughes manufactured braids. She and her brother started flying training when she was fifteen and their parents paid the East Anglian Aero Club £2/10s and hour. At that time you could fly a plane at any age and so by 17 had she become the youngest qualified female pilot in Britain.
Air Transport Auxiliary
Hughes initially flew Tiger Moths from Hatfield Aerodrome, Hertfordshire and soon Hughes had more than 600 hours' experience ferrying aircraft around the country. Though small in stature, she ferried all types of aircraft including heavy four-engined bombers such as the Short Stirling. She became both a senior pilot and the only woman qualified to instruct on all types of military aircraft then in service.
Hughes continued to fly after the war, using her talents as an instructor. She was featured in "The Eagle Special Investigator Meets Joan Mills in 'Special Investigator Flies Solo'" in the 1953 book Eagle Special Investigator. In the 1960s, Hughes served as a flying instructor with the Airways Aero Association, first at White Waltham Airfield, and then at Booker Airfield.
In early 1964, due to her low weight and considerable experience, Hughes was recruited for testing a near-replica of the 1909 Santos-Dumont Demoiselle monoplane, ultimately flying it for the shooting of the 1965 film Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying Machines. She also flew replica World War I aircraft for the film The Blue Max (1966) and a Tiger Moth bi-plane for the live-action flying shots in Thunderbird 6 (1968). In the latter film she ended up in court as it was alleged that she had flown under a motorway bridge in a dangerous manner. The case was abandoned after they heard that she had flown, rather than taxied under, the bridge because this was the safest choice.
She retired at Booker Airfield in 1985, after spending ober 10,000 hours instructing other pilots making up 11,800 flight hours in her logbook.
Hughes was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in 1946 for her war work. A bus company in Hatfield named its eight buses after the "first eight" of the Tiger Moth pilots in the ATA, including Hughes.
- "Joan Hughes". www.rafmuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
- "Hughes, Joan Lily Amelia (1918–1993), airwoman | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". www.oxforddnb.com. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/67664. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- "British Air Transport Auxiliary: The First Eight". British Air Transport Auxiliary. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
- Macdonald Hastings, Eagle Special Investigator by Macdonald Hastings, page 61, published by Michael Joseph.
- "Joan Hughes". IMDb. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
- "To Tell the Truth - Movie stunt pilot; Penguin expert; Lightning expert (Jun 20, 1966)". To Tell The Truth. CBS. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "No. 37412". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 January 1946. p. 296.
- "Inspirational ATA Female Pilots Honoured". Women in Transport. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- "Britain's FEMALE Spitfire pilots to receive badge of courage at last". Evening Standard. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- Thunderbird 6 DVD, "Tiger Moth" featurette, 2004.