New York City, New York
|Known for||Video art, Performance art, Sculpture|
|Awards||Foundation for Contemporary Arts Grants to Artists Award, 1995|
Joan Jonas is an American visual artist and a pioneer of video and performance art who is one of the most important female artists to emerge in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Jonas' projects and experiments provided the foundation on which much video performance art would be based. Her influences also extended to conceptual art, theatre, performance art and other visual media. She lives and works in New York and Nova Scotia, Canada.
Early life and education
Jonas was born in 1936 in New York City. In 1958 she received a Bachelor's Degree in Art History from Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts. She later studied sculpture and drawing at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and received an MFA in Sculpture from Columbia University in 1965. Immersed in New York's downtown art scene of the 1960s, Jonas studied with the choreographer Trisha Brown for two years. Jonas also worked with choreographers Yvonne Rainer and Steve Paxton.
Though Jonas began her career as a sculptor, by 1968 she moved into what was then leading-edge territory: mixing performance with props and mediated images, situated outside in natural and/or industrial environments. Between 1968-1971, Jonas performed Mirror Pieces, works which used mirrors to as a central motif or prop. In these early performances, the mirror became a symbol of (self-)portraiture, representation, the body, and real vs. imaginary, while also sometimes adding an element of danger and a connection to the audience that was integral to the work. In Wind (1968), Jonas filmed performers stiffly passing through the field of view against a wind that lent the choreography a psychological mystique.
In 1970, Jonas went on a long trip to Japan — where she bought her first video camera and saw Noh, Bunraku and Kabuki theater — with the sculptor Richard Serra. Her video performances between 1972 and 1976 pared the cast down to one actor, the artist herself, performing in her New York loft as Organic Honey, her seminal alter-ego invented as an "electronic erotic seductress," whose doll-like visage seen reflected bits on camera explored the fragmented female image and women’s shifting roles. drawings, costumes, masks, and interactions with the recorded image were effects that optically related to a doubling of perception and meaning. In one such work, Organic Honey's Visual Telepathy (1972), Jonas scans her own fragmented image onto a video screen. In Disturbances (1973), a woman swims silently beneath another woman's reflection. Songdelay (1973), filmed with both telephoto and wide-angle lenses (which produce opposing extremes in depth of field) drew on Jonas' travels in Japan, where she saw groups of Noh performers clapping wood blocks and making angular movements. In a video interview for MoMA, Jonas described her work as androgynous; earlier works were more involved in the search for a feminine vernacular in art, she explains, and, unlike sculpture and painting, video was more open, less dominated by men.
In 1975, Jonas appeared as a performer in the movie Keep Busy, by the photographer Robert Frank and novelist-screenwriter Rudy Wurlitzer. In 1976 with The Juniper Tree, Jonas arrived at a narrative structure from diverse literary sources, such as fairy tales, mythology, poetry, and folk songs, formalizing a highly complex, nonlinear method of presentation. Using a colorful theatrical set and recorded sound, The Juniper Tree retold a Grimm Brothers tale of an archetypal evil stepmother and her family.
In the 1990s, Jonas’ My New Theater series moved away from a dependence on her physical presence. The three pieces investigated, in sequence: a Cape Breton dancer and his local culture; a dog jumping through a hoop while Jonas draws a landscape; and finally, using stones, costumes, memory-laden objects, and her dog, a video about the act of performing. She also created 'Revolted by the Thought of Known Places… (1992) and Woman in the Well (1996/2000).
In her installation/performance commissioned for Documenta 11, Lines in the Sand (2002), Jonas investigated themes of the self and the body in a performance installation based on the writer H.D.’s (Hilda Doolittle) epic poem "Helen in Egypt" (1951–55), which reworks the myth of Helen of Troy. Jonas sited many of her early performances at The Kitchen, including Funnel (1972) and the screening of Vertical Roll (1972). In The Shape, The Scent, The Feel of Things, produced by The Renaissance Society in 2004, Jonas draws on Aby Warburg's work on Hopi imagery.
Jonas’ works were first performed in the 1960s and '70s for some of the most influential artists of her generation, including Richard Serra, Robert Smithson, Dan Graham and Laurie Anderson. While she is widely known in Europe, her groundbreaking performances are lesser known in the United States, where, as critic Douglas Crimp wrote of her work in 1983, "the rupture that is effected in modernist practices has subsequently been repressed, smoothed over." Yet, in restaging early and recent works, Jonas continues to find new layers of meanings in themes and questions of gender and identity that have fueled her art for over thirty years.
Jonas' was also featured as a choreographer for Robert Ashley's Opera titled Celestial Excursions in 2003
From 1993, the New York-based Jonas spent part of each year in Los Angeles, teaching a course in New Genres at the UCLA School of the Arts. In 1994, she was made a full professor at the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Stuttgart, Germany. Since 1998, she has been a professor of visual arts at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Exhibitions and Performances
Jonas has performed her works at countless institutions and venues, including:
- Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (1974)
- The Kitchen, New York (1975)
- San Francisco Museum of Art (1976)
- Kunstmuseum Bern (2004)
- The Shape, the Scent, the Feel of Things, Dia:Beacon (2006)
- Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive (2008)
- PERFORMA 13, (2013)
Jonas has had a number of solo exhibitions, including:
- Stedelijk Museum (1994)
- Rosamund Felsen Gallery, Los Angeles (2003)
- Pat Hearn Gallery, New York City (2003)
- Joan Jonas: Five Works, Queens Museum of Art (2003)
- Joan Jonas. Light Time Tales, HangarBicocca, Milan (2014)
- Safety Curtain., Vienna State Opera, Vienna (2014/15)
Jonas has participated in many international group exhibitions, including:
- Documenta, Kassel, Germany (Jonas has participated six times since 1972).
- Point of View: A Contemporary Anthology of the Moving Image, New Museum(2004)
- Wack! Art and the Feminist Revolution, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (2007)
Jonas has been awarded fellowships and grants for choreography, video, and visual arts from the National Endowment for the Arts; Rockefeller Foundation; Contemporary Art Television (CAT) Fund; Television Laboratory at WNET/13, New York; Artists' Television Workshop at WXXI-TV, Rochester, New York; and Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD). Jonas has received the Hyogo Prefecture Museum of Modern Art Prize at the Tokyo International Video Art Festival, the Polaroid Award for Video, and the American Film Institute Maya Deren Award for Video.
Jonas' has received awards from Anonymous Was A Woman (1998); the Rockefeller Foundation (1990); American Film Institute’s Maya Deren Award for Video (1989); Guggenheim Foundation (1976); and the National Endowment for the Arts (1974).
Jonas' work can be found in a number of public institutions, including:
- Faculty: Joan Jonas ACT at MIT - MIT Program in Art, Culture and Technology.
- "Artist Joan Jonas", Venice Bienniale, Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Joan Jonas: Biography", Electronic Arts Intermix, Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- "Collection Online - Joan Jonas". Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "Joan Jonas". pbs.org.
- Johnson, Cecile. "MoMA The Collection: Joan Jonas", Museum of Modern Art, Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Lisa Cohen (April 5, 2015), Joan Jonas: All at Once T: The New York Times Style Magazine.
- Susan Morgan (April 21, 1996). "Finding the Emotion in Images". Los Angeles Times.
- Fisher, Cora (May 2010). "Joan Jonas Mirage". The Brooklyn Rail.
- Joan Jonas at the Renaissance Society. Accessed 2012-06-06.
- Safety Curtain 2014/15: Joan Jonas. Accessed 2014-10-09.
- "Joan Jonas: The Shape, the Scent, the Feel of Things", Dia Art Foundation, Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Joan Jonas", Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Joan Jonas", Performa, Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Stone, Katie. "Joan Jonas: Five Works Queens Museum of Art", Brooklyn Rail, Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Joan Jonas: Light Time Tales", HangarBicocca, Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- "Safety Curtain 2014/2015: Joan Jonas", a project by museum in progress, opening: 14 November 2014, Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- Julia Halperin (April 16, 2014), Video veteran Joan Jonas to represent US in Venice The Art Newspaper.
- "Point of View", New Museum, Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Artists in the exhibition", MoCA Los Angeles, Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Sebastian Smee (April 26, 2014). "Joan Jonas to represent US at Venice Biennale". Boston Globe.
- Carol Vogel (April 15, 2014), Joan Jonas to Represent United States at 2015 Venice Biennale New York Times.
- Gary Shapiro (May 25, 2012), They Can Surely Stand the Heat Wall Street Journal.
- Yvon Lambert - Artists
- Rosamund Felson Gallery - Artists
- "Collection Online: Joan Jonas", Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Morgan, Susan (2007). I Want to Live in the Country (And Other Romances). The MIT Press. ISBN 1-84638-025-1.
- Maufras, Frederic. "Joan Jonas". Parachute 121, para-para, January–March 2006. http://www.parachute.ca/para_para/21/para21_Maufras2.html
- Biography: Joan Jonas and list of video works at Electronic Arts Intermix.
- Video art works distributed by the Video Data Bank
- Joan Jonas, Mediateca Media Art Space
- Joan Jonas in the Netherlands Media Art Institute
- "Joan Jonas: Mirage" by Cora Fisher, The Brooklyn Rail (May 2010)
- Joan Jonas at New Mexico Museum of Art