|3rd Governor of Zeylan|
24 March 1646 – 26 February 1650
|Preceded by||Jan Thyszoon Payart|
|Succeeded by||Jacob van Kittensteyn|
|Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies|
|Preceded by||Carel Reyniersz|
|Succeeded by||Rijcklof van Goens|
|Born||14 October 1606|
Amsterdam, Dutch Republic
|Died||24 January 1678|
Batavia, Dutch East Indies
Joan Maetsuycker (14 October 1606 – 24 January 1678) was the Governor of Zeylan during the Dutch period in Ceylon and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1653 to 1678. He was appointed as Governor of Zeylan on 24 March 1646 and was governor until 26 February 1650. He was succeeded by Jacob van Kittensteyn.
Maetsuycker studied law in Leuven, and was a lawyer first in The Hague, and later in Amsterdam. From 1636, he lived in the Dutch East Indies. In 1646 he became the third Dutch governor of Zeylan, and seven years later, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. He stayed on that post for 25 years, which is the longest period for any governor-general. The Dutch colony in the Indies flourished under Maetsuycker. Under his rule, the Portuguese lost Ceylon (1658), the coast of Coromandel (1658) and Malabar (1663); Makassar was conquered (1667), the west coast of Sumatra was occupied, and the first expedition to the interior of Java was held.
In 1663 his wife, Haesje Berckmans, died. In 1664, he married the 24-year-old Elisabeth Abbema, daughter of the preacher Fredericus Abbema and widow of Simon Cos, governor of Ambon. In 1671 the splendour-loving Elisabeth rose some controversy when she had gold coins imported from Japan, outside the VOC. Her aim was to have her brother-in-law in Suratte buy them.
- Cahoon, Ben. "Dutch Governors". Worldstatesmen. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
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