Joan Sebastian at Pepsi Center on August 22, 2009
|Birth name||José Manuel Figueroa Figueroa|
April 8, 1951|
Juliantla, Guerrero, Mexico
|Died||July 13, 2015
Teacalco, Guerrero, Mexico
|Genres||Banda, ranchera, Latin ballad, mariachi|
|Occupation(s)||Singer, composer, actor, producer|
|Labels||Musart, Fonovisa, Universal Music Latin Entertainment|
José Manuel Figueroa Figueroa (April 8, 1951 – July 13, 2015), better known as Joan Sebastian (pronounced: [xoˈan seβasˈtjan]), was a Mexican singer-songwriter. He wrote more than 1,000 songs including compositions for Vicente Fernández, Lucero, Pepe Aguilar, and Rocío Dúrcal. His music is a mixture of Latin pop, ranchera and grupera music. Sebastian was awarded seven Latin Grammy Awards and five Grammy Awards, making him the most awarded Mexican performer in Grammy history.
Sebastian also worked sporadically as an actor. In 1996, he made his acting debut in the Mexican soap opera Tú y Yo (You and I), sharing credits with Maribel Guardia, his former wife and mother to his son, Julian. In 2015, Sebastian died at the age of 64 of bone cancer. At the time of his death, Sebastian had two number-one albums on the Billboard Top Latin Albums chart and seven top ten songs on the Hot Latin Songs chart in the United States.
Joan Sebastian was born in the rural town of Juliantla in Guerrero, and began composing at the age of seven. His mother had enrolled him to a school near Guanajuato when he was eight years old, and later returned to his hometown three years later.
At age fourteen, his father sent him away to a monastery in Morelos where he was under the care of Father David Salgado. Due to the clergyman's influence on Sebastian, he considered becoming a priest. He enrolled in the Seminario Conciliar de San José in Cuernavaca, Morelos, but realized that he wanted to pursue a music career, and decided to leave the seminary to dedicate himself to music.
Before embarking on a singing career, Sebastian was an administrative assistant at a vacation resort in Oaxtepec, Morelos, where he would sing through the intercom. In 1968, Sebastian met Mexican actress Angelica Maria. They stayed together and she asked him to sing some songs for her. She suggested to Sebastian that he record the songs and give them to music producer Eduardo Magallanes, though Sebastian never managed to contact him. He later moved to Mexico City and began asking Discos Capitals Records to listen to his music and produce it. In 1974, he recorded his first album, Pedro Parrandas, and received positive feedback from the public.
In 1977, Sebastian decided to stop using his legal name, Jose Manuel Figueroa and took on his artistic name, Joan Sebastian, partly in tribute to San Sebastian, where he previously worked. That same year, he signed a record deal with the label Musart. In 2000, he released Secreto de Amor which was certified 4× platinum in the Latin field in the United States by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The album and title track won the Lo Nuestro Awards for Regional Mexican Album of the Year and Regional Mexican Song of the Year; he also received the Excellence Award for his musical contributions.
In 2006, Sebastian was inducted into the Billboard Latin Music Hall of Fame for his prolific songwriting and musical arrangements. Sebastian was awarded Songwriter of the Year three times by ASCAP and received the Golden Note Award in 2007 in recognition of his songwriting career.
Sebastian has eight children from five different women. Their names are José Manuel Figueroa (who is also a singer and composer), Juan Sebastián Figueroa-Gonzalez, Trigo de Jesús Figueroa-Gonzalez, (first three children with Teresa Gonzalez, his first wife) Zarelea Figueroa-Ocampo, Marcos Julián Figueroa-Fernández (son of Maribel Guardia), Joana Marcelia Figueroa-Espín, Juliana Joeri Figueroa-Alonso and D'Yave Figueroa-Espín. His second oldest son, Trigo was shot in the back of the head after one of Joan Sebastian's concerts in Texas on August 27, 2006. Trigo had been trying to control the crowd after the show. He was transported to McAllen Medical Center where he was pronounced dead.
On June 12, 2010, Juan Sebastián was shot dead in Cuernavaca, Morelos, after arriving at a night club with some friends and being refused entrance. Joan Sebastian said his son's death had nothing to do with the Mexican drug cartels.
A few months after his death Televisa announced that a series about his life would begin filming. His son, Julian Figueroa, portrayed his father in his younger days while his older son, José Manuel Figueroa, will portray his father in present day. Livia Brito was also confirmed to portray Maribel Guardia. The series Por Siempre Joan Sebastian premiered on June 27, 2016 on Univision and concluded on July 25, 2016.
Illness and death
Sebastian was first diagnosed with bone cancer in 1999. He underwent cancer treatment and survived; however, he announced that the cancer had returned in 2007. Undergoing cancer treatment once again, he later announced he was in remission. On July 26, 2012, during one of his concerts, he announced that the cancer had returned for the third time. In 2014, he revealed that he was battling cancer for the fourth time during his performances in Zacatecas.
Weeks prior to his death, he confirmed to the media that he had been hospitalized and undergoing cancer treatment under medical supervision. On July 13, 2015, Joan Sebastian died at 7:15pm (UTC-06:00) at his ranch Cruz de la Sierra, Teacalco Guerrero, Mexico, due to bone cancer. He was 64 years old. His body was buried in a cemetery in Juliantla near his son Trigo.
- Mi Mujer (1975)
- Y Las Mariposas (1977)
- Rumores (1985)
- Oiga (1987)
- Mascarada (1988)
- Norteño (1989)
- Bandido De Amores (1995)
- Norteño Vol. 2 (1995)
- El Peor De Tus Antojos (1995)
- Con Mariachi (1996)
- Tu Y Yo (1996)
- Gracias Por Tanto Amor (1998)
- Rey Del Jaripeo (1999)
- Nostalgia Y Recuerdos (2000)
- Secreto De Amor (2000)
- Cariño Como Tu (2001)
- Con Mariachi Vargas De Tecalitlan (2001)
- Afortunado (2002)
- Lo Dijo el Corazón (2002)
- Mujeres Bonitas (2004)
- Que Amarren a Cupido (2004)
- Inventario (2005)
- Canta Para Ti (2006)
- De Relajo y Pa Bailar (2006)
- Mas Alla Del Sol (2006)
- No Es De Madera (2007)
- Pegadito al Corazón (2009)
- Huevos Rancheros (2011)
- Un Lujo (2012)
- 13 Celebrando El 13 (2013)
Awards and nominations
|2002||Grammy Award||Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album||Lo Dijo El Corazón||Won|||
|Latin Grammy Award||Best Grupero Album||Won|||
|2003||Grammy Award||Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album||Afortunado||Won|||
|Latin Grammy Award||Best Regional Mexican Song||"Afortunado"||Won|||
|Best Banda Album||Afortunado||Won|||
|2006||Grammy Award||Best Banda Album||Más Allá Del Sol||Won|||
|Latin Grammy Award||Best Banda Album||Won|||
|Best Grupero Album||En El Auditorio Nacional||Won|||
|2008||Grammy Award||Best Banda Album||No Es De Madera||Won|||
|Latin Grammy Award||Best Regional Mexican Song||"Estos Celos"||Won|||
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- Edmundo Perez Que me entierren con narcocorridos 2012 "... de Marco Enrique Yépez Uribe, el Jarocho o el Comandante Alex, principal testigo de la PGR, era un rancho situado en Juliantla, Guerrero, propiedad del cantante José Manuel Figueroa, conocido artísticamente como Joan Sebastian.
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- Carmen Burgueño Encontrando El Camino de Luz y Verdad 2007 - Page 251 "Por si no lo conoces, Joan Sebastián es un cantante Mexicano. En un recital que hizo el cantante en Texas, aparentemente su hijo trataba de frenar a los fanáticos de su padre que intentaban invadir el escenario. Uno de los fanáticos sacó un ..."
- Francisco Pérez Abellán Crimen y criminales II. Claves para entender el mundo del crimen 2010, p. 73; "No es un fenómeno nuevo: en los últimos dos años, varios cantantes han sido asesinados. En 1992, Chalina Sánchez, al que se le supone creador del narcocorrido, fue suprimido. Hace unos años, Trigo Figueroa, hijo de Joan Sebastián, fue .."
- Asesinan a hijo de Joan Sebastian, ElUniversal.com.mx; accessed 15 July 2015.
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