Rivers in 2010
|Born||Joan Alexandra Molinsky
June 8, 1933
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||September 4, 2014
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
|Cause of death||Cardiac arrest|
|Occupation||Actress, comedian, writer, producer, television host|
|Home town||Larchmont, New York, U.S.|
|Spouse(s)||James Sanger (m. 1955; annulled 1955)
Edgar Rosenberg (m. 1965; died 1987)
|Medium||Stand-up comedy, film, television, theatre, books|
|Genres||Observational comedy, insult comedy, shock humor, black comedy, ribaldry, improvisational comedy|
|Influences||Lenny Bruce, Phyllis Diller, Sophie Tucker, Pearl Williams, Belle Barth, Totie Fields, Johnny Carson, Zsa Zsa Gabor, Bob Newhart, Woody Allen, Don Rickles|
|Influenced||Sarah Silverman, Margaret Cho, Kathy Griffin, Amy Schumer Chelsea Handler, Roseanne Barr, Greg Proops|
Joan Alexandra Molinsky (June 8, 1933 – September 4, 2014), known as Joan Rivers, was an American actress, comedian, writer, producer, and television host noted for her often controversial comedic persona—where she was alternately self-deprecating or sharply acerbic, especially toward celebrities and politicians.
Rivers came to prominence in 1965 as a guest on The Tonight Show. Hosted by her mentor, Johnny Carson, the show established Rivers' comedic style. In 1986, with her own rival program, The Late Show with Joan Rivers, Rivers became the first woman to host a late night network television talk show. She subsequently hosted The Joan Rivers Show (1989–1993), winning a Daytime Emmy for Outstanding Talk Show Host. In her later years, Rivers was particularly known for conducting comedic interviews with celebrities as they walked the red carpet at awards shows. From 2010 to 2014 Rivers co-hosted the E! celebrity fashion show Fashion Police. Rivers starred in reality series Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best?, from 2011 to 2014, with daughter Melissa Rivers. She was the subject of the documentary Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work (2010).
Rivers released numerous comedy albums, and she was nominated in 1984 for a Grammy Award for her album What Becomes a Semi-Legend Most? Rivers was nominated in 1994 for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her performance of the title role in Sally Marr...and Her Escorts. In 2015, Rivers posthumously received a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for her book, Diary of a Mad Diva.
Rivers authored 12 best-selling memoir and humor books. Rivers marketed a line of jewelry and apparel on the QVC shopping channel. In 1968, The New York Times television critic Jack Gould called Rivers "quite possibly the most intuitively funny woman alive".
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Death
- 5 Criticism
- 6 Books
- 7 Filmography
- 8 Theater work
- 9 Awards and nominations
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Rivers was born Joan Alexandra Molinsky on June 8, 1933, in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants Beatrice (née Grushman; January 6, 1906 – October 1975) and Meyer C. Molinsky (December 7, 1900 – January 1985). Her elder sister, Barbara Waxler, died on June 3, 2013 at the age of 82. Rivers was raised in Prospect Heights and Crown Heights in Brooklyn, where she attended Brooklyn Ethical Culture School and the Adelphi Academy. Her family later moved to Larchmont. She attended Connecticut College between 1950 and 1952, and graduated from Barnard College in 1954 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English literature and anthropology; she was a member of Phi Beta Kappa. Before entering show business, Rivers worked at various jobs such as a tour guide at Rockefeller Center, a writer/proofreader at an advertising agency and a fashion consultant at Bond Clothing Stores. During this period, agent Tony Rivers advised her to change her name, so she chose Joan Rivers as her stage name.
During the late 1950s, Rivers appeared in a short-run play, Driftwood, playing a lesbian with a crush on a character played by a then-unknown Barbra Streisand. The play ran for six weeks. Rivers performed in numerous comedy clubs in the Greenwich Village area of New York City in the early 1960s, including The Bitter End and The Gaslight Cafe, before making her first appearances as a guest on the TV program The Tonight Show originating from New York, hosted at the time by Jack Paar.
By 1965, Rivers had a stint on Candid Camera as a gag writer and participant; she was "the bait" to lure people into ridiculous situations for the show. She also made her first appearance on The Tonight Show with new host Johnny Carson, on February 17, 1965. During the same decade, Rivers made other appearances on The Tonight Show as well as The Ed Sullivan Show, while hosting the first of several talk shows. She wrote material for the puppet Topo Gigio. She had a brief role in The Swimmer (1968), starring Burt Lancaster. A year later, she had a short-lived syndicated daytime talk show, That Show with Joan Rivers; Johnny Carson was her first guest. In the middle of the 1960s, she released at least two comedy albums, The Next to Last Joan Rivers Album and Rivers Presents Mr. Phyllis & Other Funny Stories.
By the 1970s, Rivers was appearing on various television comedy and variety shows, including The Carol Burnett Show and a semi-regular stint on Hollywood Squares. From 1972 to 1976, she narrated The Adventures of Letterman, an animated segment for The Electric Company. In 1973, Rivers wrote the TV movie The Girl Most Likely to..., a black comedy starring Stockard Channing. In 1978, Rivers wrote and directed the film Rabbit Test, starring her friend Billy Crystal. During the same decade, she was the opening act for singers Helen Reddy, Robert Goulet, Mac Davis and Sergio Franchi on the Las Vegas Strip.
Rivers spoke of her primary Tonight Show life as having been "Johnny Carson's daughter", a reference to his longtime mentoring of her and, during the 1980s, establishing her as his regular guest host by August 1983. She also hosted an episode of Saturday Night Live, on April 9, 1983. In the same period, she released a best-selling comedy album on Geffen Records, What Becomes a Semi-Legend Most? The album reached No. 22 on the U.S. Billboard 200 and was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album.
During the 1980s, she continued doing stand-up shows along with appearing on various television shows. In February 1983, she performed at Carnegie Hall and the following year, she did stand-up on the United Kingdom's TV show An Audience With Joan Rivers.
In 1984, Rivers published a best-selling humor book, The Life and Hard Times of Heidi Abramowitz, a mock memoir of her brassy, loose comedy character. A television special based on the character, a mock tribute called Joan Rivers and Friends Salute Heidi Abramowitz, was not successful with the public.
The decade was controversial for Rivers. She sued female impersonator Frank Marino for $5,000,000 in 1986, after discovering he was using her real stand-up material in the impersonation of her that he included in his popular Las Vegas act. The two comics reconciled and even appeared together on television in later years.
In 1986 came the move that ended Rivers' longtime friendship with Johnny Carson, who had first hired her as a Tonight Show writer. The soon-to-launch Fox Television Network announced that it was giving her a late night talk show, The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers, making Rivers the first woman to have her own late night talk show on a major network.
The new network planned to broadcast the show 11 p.m. to 12 a.m. Eastern Time, making her a Carson competitor. Carson learned of the show from Fox and not from Rivers. In the documentary, Johnny Carson: King of Late Night, Rivers said she only called Carson to discuss the matter after learning he may have already heard about it and that he immediately hung up on her. In the same interview, she said that she later came to believe that maybe she should have asked for his blessing before taking the job. Rivers was banned from appearing on the Tonight Show, a decision respected by Carson's first two successors Jay Leno and Conan O'Brien. After the release of his 2013 biography on Johnny Carson, Carson's manager Harry Bushkin revealed that he never received a call from Rivers' husband Edgar concerning the move to Fox, contrary to what Edgar had told Rivers. Rivers did not appear on the Tonight Show again until February 17, 2014, when she made a brief appearance on new host Jimmy Fallon's first episode. On March 27, 2014, Rivers returned for an interview.
Shortly after Carson's death in 2005, Rivers said that he had never spoken to her again. In 2008, during an interview with Dr. Pamela Connolly on television's Shrink Rap, Rivers claimed she did call Carson, but he hung up on her at once and repeated the gesture when she called again.
The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers turned out to be flecked by tragedy. When Rivers challenged FOX executives, who wanted to fire her husband Edgar Rosenberg as the show's producer, the network fired them both on May 15, 1987. Three months later, on August 14, 1987, Rosenberg committed suicide in Philadelphia; Rivers blamed the tragedy on his "humiliation" by Fox. Rivers credited Nancy Reagan with helping her after the 1987 suicide of her second husband. Fox attempted to continue the show with a new name (The Late Show) and rotating guest hosts.
Rivers subsequently appeared on various TV shows, including The David Letterman Show and Pee-wee's Playhouse Christmas Special. By 1989, she tried another daytime TV talk show, The Joan Rivers Show, which ran for five years and won her a Daytime Emmy in 1990 for Outstanding Talk Show Host. In 1994, Rivers and daughter Melissa first hosted the E! Entertainment Television pre-awards show for the Golden Globe Awards, and beginning in 1995, E!'s annual Academy Awards pre-awards show as well. Beginning in 1997, Rivers hosted her own radio show on WOR in New York City. Rivers also appeared as one of the center square occupants on the 1986–89 version of The Hollywood Squares, hosted by John Davidson.
In 1994, influenced by the stand-up comedy of Lenny Bruce, Rivers co-wrote and starred in a play about Bruce's mother Sally Marr, who was also a stand-up comic and influenced her son's development as a comic. After 27 previews, "Sally Marr ... and Her Escorts," a play "suggested by the life of Sally Marr" ran on Broadway for 50 performances in May and June 1994. Rivers was nominated for a Drama Desk Award as Outstanding Actress in a Play and a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for playing Sally Marr.
Rivers appeared in three episodes of the TV show Nip/Tuck during its second, third and sixth seasons, playing herself. Rivers appeared regularly on television's The Shopping Channel (in Canada) and QVC (in both the United States and the UK), promoting her own line of jewelry under the brand name "The Joan Rivers Collection". She was also a guest speaker at the opening of the American Operating Room Nurses' 2000 San Francisco Conference. Both Joan and Melissa Rivers were frequent guests on Howard Stern's radio show, and Joan Rivers often appeared as a guest on UK panel show 8 Out of 10 Cats.
In 2004, Rivers was part of the formal receiving party when Ronald Reagan was placed in state at the United States Capitol. Rivers was one of only four Americans invited to the Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Camilla Parker Bowles on April 9, 2005. On August 16, 2007, Rivers began a two-week workshop of her new play, with the working title "The Joan Rivers Theatre Project", at The Magic Theatre in San Francisco. On December 3, 2007, Rivers performed in the Royal Variety Show 2007 at the Liverpool Empire Theatre, England, with Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip present.
In January 2008, Rivers became one of 20 hijackers to take control of the Big Brother house in the UK for one day in spin-off TV show Big Brother: Celebrity Hijack. On June 24, 2008, Rivers appeared on NBC-TV's show Celebrity Family Feud and competed with her daughter against Ice-T and Coco.
Rivers and daughter Melissa were contestants in 2009 on the second Celebrity Apprentice. Throughout the season, each celebrity raised money for a charity of his or her choice; Rivers selected God's Love We Deliver. After a falling out with poker player Annie Duke, following Melissa's on-air firing (elimination) by Donald Trump, Rivers left the green room telling Clint Black and Jesse James that she would not be in the next morning. Rivers later returned to the show and on May 3, 2009, she became a finalist in the series. The other finalist was Duke. On the season finale, which aired live on May 10, Rivers was announced the winner and hired to be the 2009 Celebrity Apprentice.
Rivers was featured on the show Z Rock as herself; she was also a special "pink-carpet" presenter for the 2009 broadcast of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras parade. She was also roasted in a Comedy Central special, taped on July 26, 2009, and aired on August 9, 2009. From August 2009, Rivers began starring in the new reality TV series How'd You Get So Rich? on TV Land. A documentary film about Rivers, Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work, premiered at the San Francisco International Film Festival at the Castro Theatre on May 6, 2010.
In 2011, Rivers appeared in a commercial for Go Daddy, which debuted during the broadcast of Super Bowl XLV. She made two appearances on It's Showtime at the Apollo, once as a comedian and once as a guest host.
Joan and her daughter premiered the new show Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best? on WE tv. The series follows Joan moving to California to be closer to her family. She moves in with daughter Melissa while searching for a home of her own. WE tv then ordered a new season consisting of 10 episodes, which premiered in January 2012. In 2011, Rivers was featured as herself in Season 2 of Louis C.K.'s self-titled show Louie, where she performed on-stage. Beginning September 10, 2010, Rivers co-hosted the E! show Fashion Police, along with Giuliana Rancic, Kelly Osbourne, and George Kotsiopoulos commenting on the dos and don'ts of celebrity fashion. The show started as a half-hour program but expanded to one hour on March 9, 2012. On August 7, 2012, Rivers showed up in Burbank, California to protest that the warehouse club Costco would not sell her New York Times best-selling book, I Hate Everyone ... Starting with Me. She handcuffed herself to a shopping cart and shouted through a megaphone. The police were called to the scene and she left without incident; no arrests were made. On March 5, 2013, she launched a new online talk show on YouTube, called In Bed with Joan.
On August 26, 2014, Rivers hosted a taping of Fashion Police with Kelly Osbourne, Giuliana Rancic and George Kotsiopoulos about the 66th Primetime Emmy Awards and the 2014 MTV Movie Awards. (This was her last television appearance before her death.)
She appeared posthumously with other female comedians in the documentary MAKERS: Women in Comedy, which premiered on PBS in October 2014.
During her 55-year career as a comedian, her tough-talking style of satirical humor was both praised and criticized as truthful, yet too personal, too gossipy, and very often abrasive. Nonetheless, with her ability to "tell it like it is," she became a pioneer of contemporary stand-up comedy. Commenting about her style, she told biographer Gerald Nachman, "Maybe I started it. We're a very gossipy culture. All we want to know now is private lives.":619
However, her style of humor, which often relied on making jokes about her own life and satirizing the lives of celebrities and public figures, was sometimes criticized as insensitive. Her jokes about Elizabeth Taylor and Adele's weight, for instance, were often commented on, although Rivers would never apologize for her humor. Rivers, who was Jewish, was also criticized for making jokes about the Holocaust and later explained, "This is the way I remind people about the Holocaust. I do it through humor", adding, "my husband lost his entire family in the Holocaust." Her joke about the victims of the Ariel Castro kidnappings similarly came under criticism, but she again refused to apologize, stating, "I know what those girls went through. It was a little stupid joke."
Rivers accepted such criticism as part of her using social satire as a form of humor: "I've learned to have absolutely no regrets about any jokes I've ever done ... You can tune me out, you can click me off, it's OK. I am not going to bow to political correctness. But you do have to learn, if you want to be a satirist, you can't be part of the party."
Rivers states that seeing Lenny Bruce perform at a local club while she was in college influenced her developing style:
He was an epiphany. Lenny told the truth. It was a total affirmation for me that I was on the right track long before anyone said it to me. He supplied the revelation that personal truth can be the foundation of comedy, that outrageousness can be cleansing and healthy. It went off inside me like an enormous flash.:608
As an unknown stand-up comedian out of college, she struggled for many years before finding her comic style. She did stints in the Catskills and found that she disliked the older style of comedy at the time, such as Phyllis Diller's, whom she felt was a pioneer female comedian. Her breakthrough came at The Second City in Chicago in 1961, where she was dubbed "the best girl since Elaine May," who also got her start there. But May became her and fellow comedian Treva Silverman's role model, as Rivers saw her as "an assertive woman with a marvelous, fast mind and, at the same time, pretty and feminine." It was also there that she learned "self reliance," she said, "that I didn't have to talk down in my humor" and could still earn an income by making intelligent people laugh. "I was really born as a comedian at Second City. I owe it my career.":607
In early 1965, at the suggestion of comedian Bill Cosby, Johnny Carson gave Rivers, whom he billed as a comedy writer, her debut appearance on his show. Cosby, who knew Rivers from their early stand-up days, described her as "an intelligent girl without being a weirdo ... a human being, not a kook.":596 Sitting alongside Johnny after her monologue, she displayed an intimate, conversational style which he appreciated, and she was invited back eight more times that year.
Time magazine compared her humor to that of Woody Allen, by expressing "how to be neurotic about practically everything," but noting that "her style and femininity make her something special." Rivers also compared herself to Allen, stating: "He was a writer, which I basically was ... and talking about things that affected our generation that nobody else talked about.":596 The New York Times critic Charles L. Mee likewise compared her to Allen, explaining that her "style was personal, an autobiographical stream-of-consciousness."
Rivers' image contrasted starkly with Carson's stage demeanor, which was one of the reasons he made her co-host according to critic Michael Pollan, who compared their style of humor:
Where Carson is scrupulously polite, Rivers is bitchy; where he is low-key, she is overheated; where he is Midwest, Waspy and proper, she is urban, ethnic and gossipy. Carson conducts interviews as if he were at the country club; Rivers does hers at the kitchen table.
In her personal life, she had fewer of those neurotic or intense character traits, according to Ralph Schoenstein, who dated her and worked with her on her humor books. He said, "She has no airs. She doesn't stand on ceremony. The woman has absolutely no pretense. She'll tell you everything immediately. Joan isn't cool—she's completely open. It's all grist. It's her old thing—'Can we talk?'":623
According to biographer Victoria Price, Rivers' humor was notable for taking aim at and overturning what had been considered acceptable female behavior. By her bravura she broke through long-standing taboos in humor, which paved the way for other women, including Roseanne Barr, Ellen DeGeneres and Rosie O'Donnell.
Rivers' first marriage was in 1955 to James Sanger, the son of a Bond Clothing Stores merchandise manager. The marriage lasted six months and was annulled on the basis that Sanger did not want children and had not informed Rivers before the wedding.
Rivers married Edgar Rosenberg on July 15, 1965. Their only child, Melissa Warburg Rosenberg, who goes by the name Melissa Rivers, was born on January 20, 1968. Joan Rivers had one grandson, Cooper, born Edgar Cooper Endicott in 2000. Along with his mother and grandmother, Cooper was featured in the WE tv series Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best? Rosenberg committed suicide in 1987, shortly after Rivers announced her intention to separate. Rivers would later describe her marriage to Rosenberg as a "total sham", complaining bitterly about his treatment of her during their 22-year marriage. In a 2012 interview with Howard Stern, Rivers said she had several extramarital affairs when married to Rosenberg, including a one-night affair with actor Robert Mitchum in the 1960s and an affair with actor Gabriel Dell.
In 2002, Rivers told the Montreal Mirror that she was a Republican. On January 28, 2014, during a conversation between Rivers and Reza Farahan of the Shahs of Sunset, Melissa Rivers interjected to clarify that she and her mother were "fiscally conservative, socially liberal" Republicans.
Rivers was open about her multiple cosmetic surgeries and was a patient of plastic surgeon Steven Hoefflin, beginning in 1983. She had her nose thinned while still at college; her next procedure, an eye lift, was performed in 1965 (when she was in her thirties) as an attempt to further her career. When promoting her book, Men Are Stupid ... And They Like Big Boobs: A Woman's Guide to Beauty Through Plastic Surgery, described by The New York Times Magazine as "a detailed and mostly serious guide to eye lifts,[tummy tucks and other forms of plastic surgery", she quipped: "I've had so much plastic surgery, when I die they will donate my body to Tupperware."
As a philanthropist, Rivers supported causes including HIV/AIDS activism, and in May 1985, she appeared along with Nichols and May at a Comic Relief benefit for the new AIDS Medical Foundation in New York City, where tickets at the Shubert Theatre sold for as much as $500. She supported the Elton John AIDS Foundation and God's Love We Deliver, which delivers meals to HIV/AIDS patients in New York City. In 2008, she was commended by the City of San Diego, California for her philanthropic work regarding HIV/AIDS, where the HIV/AIDS community called her their "Joan of Arc."
Additionally, she served as an Honorary Director of the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. She also supported Guide Dogs for the Blind, a non-profit organization which provides guide dogs to blind people. She donated to Jewish charities, animal welfare efforts, and suicide prevention causes. Among the other non-profit organizations she helped were Rosie's Theater Kids, Habitat for Humanity, Human Rights Campaign and the Boy Scouts of America.
On August 28, 2014, Rivers experienced serious complications and stopped breathing while undergoing what was scheduled as a minor throat procedure at an outpatient clinic in Yorkville, Manhattan. Resuscitated an hour later, Rivers was transferred to the hospital and later put on life support. She died on September 4 at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, having never awoken from a medically induced coma. The New York City Medical Examiner's Office said she died from brain damage caused by a lack of oxygen, and the details of her surgery would be investigated by officials. Rivers was 81 years old.
After nearly two months of investigations, federal officials said on November 10 that the clinic made a number of mistakes both before and during the procedure. Among those were the clinic's failure to respond to Rivers' deteriorating vital signs, including a severe drop in her blood pressure, possibly administering an incorrect anesthetic dosage, performing a surgical procedure without her consent, and other medical-clinic irregularities.
On September 7, after Rivers' cremation, a private memorial service took place at Temple Emanu-El in Manhattan. The service was attended by an estimated 1,500 people. The guest list included Rivers' many celebrity friends, public figures and the New York City Gay Men's Chorus singing old show tunes. Talk show host Howard Stern, delivering the eulogy, described Rivers as "brassy in public [and] classy in private ... a troublemaker, trail blazer, pioneer for comics everywhere, ... [who] fought the stereotypes that women can't be funny." Daughter Melissa read a comedic note to her mother as part of her eulogy.
Reactions and tributes
Upon Rivers' death, friends, fans, family and celebrities paid tribute. Numerous comedians recognized Rivers influence on their career, including Kathy Griffin, who considered Rivers her "mentor," noting, "She brought a fearlessness and a brand of humor into our homes that we really need." Chris Rock felt "she was the hippest comedian from the time she started to the day she died." Describing her as a force in comedy, he added, "No man ever said, 'Yeah, I want to go on after Joan.' No, Joan Rivers closed the show every night." Other comedians recalled working with her on stage and television decades earlier: stand-up performer Don Rickles said "working with her and enjoying the fun times of life with her was special." While Carol Burnett calls Rivers "the poster child for the Energizer Bunny."
Numerous talk show hosts, including Jimmy Fallon, Jimmy Kimmel, Oprah Winfrey and David Letterman, paid tribute to Rivers, often including video clips of her appearances. Letterman called her a "real pioneer for other women looking for careers in stand-up comedy. And talk about guts." Conan O'Brien discussed Rivers' legacy with fellow comedian Chris Hardwick on Conan, while Seth Meyers recalled Rivers' appearance on his talk show, saying, "I have not sat next to anyone who told more jokes faster than Joan Rivers did when she was here." And on The Daily Show, host Jon Stewart noted her contributions: "There are very few people in my business that you can say are, or were, actually groundbreaking talents. Joan Rivers was one of them." Radio host Howard Stern, who delivered her funeral eulogy, devoted an entire one-hour show to Rivers. Sarah Silverman paid tribute to Rivers while hosting Saturday Night Live.
Political figures giving tribute to Rivers included former first lady Nancy Reagan, who had helped Rivers after the death of her husband, Edgar Rosenberg. As a friend of Prince Charles, and one of only four Americans invited to his wedding to Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005. Upon hearing of her death, they said she was "utterly irreplaceable." While Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu noted that besides bringing laughter to millions of people around the world, she was "proud of her Jewish heritage." After her mother's death, Melissa Rivers said she received a letter from President Barack Obama in which he wrote, despite being a frequent target of Rivers' jokes: "not only did she make us laugh, she made us think".
Comedian Amy Schumer, speaking at the 2014 Glamour magazine "Woman of the Year Awards" ceremony in Carnegie Hall, devoted her talk to paying tribute to Rivers, comparing her to other famous woman comedians by calling her "the bravest of them all." The speculations that Fashion Police would continue to air, with Rivers' close friend Kathy Griffin as her replacement, were influenced by what many felt Rivers would have wanted.
||This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. (July 2015)|
Rivers has been criticized on numerous occasions for making jokes that are either insensitive or about serious matters.
In 2013, she came under heavy criticism for making jokes about Adele's weight. Rivers continued to make jokes about her weight following her Academy Award win for "Skyfall". Rivers refused to apologize.
Also in 2013, Rivers had also come under criticism for making jokes about the Holocaust. The Anti-Defamation League called her remarks "vulgar and hideous". Despite the criticism towards her joke, Rivers refused to apologize. Rivers, who was Jewish, later stated: "This is the way I remind people about the Holocaust. I do it through humor."
In April 2014, Rivers made a joke about the victims of the Ariel Castro kidnappings. She came under criticism from the lawyers of two of the kidnapping victims. The lawyers demanded that Rivers apologize for her joke. Rivers defended her comments by saying "I know what those girls went through. It was a little stupid joke."
Rivers also came under repeated criticism for her remarks on the Gaza conflict; in particular, her comment in reference to the Palestinians killed in the conflict, in which she appears to say that they deserved to be killed. Rivers attempted to justify her comments, claiming that they were taken out of context and that they had been sensationalised by the media.
- Having a Baby Can Be a Scream. J.P. Tarcher. 1974. (Self-Help/Humor)
- The Life and Hard Times of Heidi Abromowitz. Doubleday. 1984. ISBN 978-0385293594. (Humor)
- Enter Talking. Dell Publishing Co. 1986. ISBN 978-0440122449. (Autobiography)
- Still Talking. Random House. 1991. ISBN 978-0394579917. (Autobiography)
- Jewelry by Joan Rivers. Abbeville Press. 1995. ISBN 978-1558598089. (Non-Fiction)
- Bouncing Back: I've Survived Everything ... and I Mean Everything ... and You Can Too!. HarperTorch. 1997. ISBN 978-0061096013.
- From Mother to Daughter: Thoughts and Advice on Life, Love and Marriage. Birch Lane Pr;. 1998. ISBN 978-1559724937. (Self-Help)
- Don't Count the Candles: Just Keep the Fire Lit!. HarperCollins. 1999. ISBN 978-0060183837. (Self-Help)
- Murder at the Academy Awards (R): A Red Carpet Murder Mystery. Pocket. 2009. ISBN 1416599371. (Fiction)
- Men Are Stupid...And They Like Big Boobs: A Woman's Guide to Beauty Through Plastic Surgery. 2009. ISBN 141659924X. (Non-Fiction)
- I Hate Everyone...Starting with Me. Berkley Trade. 2012. ISBN 978-0425255896. (Humor)
- Diary of a Mad Diva. Berkley Publishing Group. 2014. ISBN 978-0425269022. (Humor)
|1965||Hootenanny a Go-Go a.k.a. Once Upon a Coffee House||As herself|
|1978||Rabbit Test||Also director and writer|
|1981||Uncle Scam||As herself|
|1984||The Muppets Take Manhattan|
|1987||Les Patterson Saves the World|
|1989||Look Who's Talking||Voice|
|1993||Public Enemy Number Two|
|2000||Whispers: An Elephant's Tale||Voice|
|2002||The Making and Meaning of 'We Are Family||Documentary|
|2002||Hip! Edgy! Quirky!|
|2006||Making Trouble: Three Generations of Funny Jewish Women||Direct-to-DVD documentary|
|2007||The Last Guy on Earth|
|2010||Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work||Documentary; herself|
|2010||Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps||Uncredited|
|2011||The Smurfs||Party Guest|
|2011||Tower Heist||Cameo as herself|
|2013||Scatter My Ashes at Bergdorf's||Documentary|
|2013||Iron Man 3||Cameo as herself|
|2014||Mostly Ghostly: Have You Met My Ghoulfriend?||Grandma Doyle; final acting role|
|2014||The Story of the Swimmer||Direct-to-DVD documentary on The Swimmer Blu-ray/DVD|
|1968–69||That Show starring Joan Rivers||Syndicated daytime talk show|
|1972–77||The Electric Company||Voice|
|1973||Needles and Pins||Guest-starred as Eleanor Karp in episode "The Wife You Save May Be Your Own"|
|1984||An Audience with Joan Rivers|
|1986||Joan Rivers: Can We Talk?||A BBC two series with 6 episodes.|
|1986–87||The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers||Host|
|1988||Pee-Wee's Playhouse Christmas Special|
|1988–89||The New Hollywood Squares||Hosted by John Davidson, center square|
|1989–93||The Joan Rivers Show||Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Talk Show Host|
|1990||How to Murder a Millionaire||Starred along with Morgan Fairchild|
|1994||Tears and Laughter: The Joan and Melissa Rivers Story|
|1995–2014||Can We Shop?|
|1997||Another World||Cast member|
|2001||E! True Hollywood Story: Joan Rivers||Parody episode of show aired April 1, 2001|
|2004, 2007||Jack Dee Live at the Apollo||Cast member, guest host in 2007|
|2004||Dave the Barbarian||Voice – Zonthara, Empress of Evil|
|2004–06||The Joan Rivers Position|
|2006||An Audience with Joan Rivers|
|2006–07||8 Out of 10 Cats|
|2006||Joan Rivers: Before Melissa Pulls the Plug||TV movie with Joan as Herself, comic Jeremy Blaine, and publicist Jordan Roberts|
|2006||Dawn French's Girls Who Do Comedy||In-depth interview with Dawn French for the BBC|
|2008||Shrink Rap||With Dr. Pamela Connolly – More|
|2008||Celebrity Family Feud|
|2008||Big Brother: Celebrity Hijack||Celebrity Hijacker|
|2008||Z Rock||Aunt Joan|
|2008||Spaceballs: The Animated Series||Voice|
|2008, 2010||Arthur||Voice – Bubby (Francine's Grandmother)|
|2009||Celebrity Apprentice 2||Herself|
|2009||How'd You Get So Rich?||Herself|
|2009||The Comedy Central Roast of Joan Rivers||Herself|
|2009||Celebrity Ghost Stories||Herself|
|2010||Celebrity Apprentice 3|
|2011–14||Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best?|
|2011||The Simpsons||Voice – Annie Dubinsky (season 23, episode 8 – "The Ten-Per-Cent Solution")|
|2012||Drop Dead Diva||Herself|
|2012||Joan Rivers: Don't Start with Me|
|2012||Hot in Cleveland||Anka|
|2012||E! True Hollywood Story: Joan and Melissa Rivers|
|2013||Whoopi Goldberg Presents Moms Mabley||HBO documentary|
|2013–14||In Bed with Joan||Online talk show|
|1972||Fun City||Morosco Theatre|
|1988||Broadway Bound||Broadhurst Theatre|
|1994||Sally Marr...and her escorts||Helen Hayes Theatre, Broadway|
|2008||Joan Rivers: A Work in Progress by a Life in Progress||Geffen Playhouse, Edinburgh Festival Fringe, Leicester Square Theatre|
|2012||Joan Rivers: The Now or Never Tour||UK tour|
Awards and nominations
|1984||What Becomes a Semi-Legend Most?||Grammy Award||Best Comedy Album||Nominated|
|1990||The Joan Rivers Show||Daytime Emmy Award||Outstanding Talk Show Host||Won|
|1992||Outstanding Writing – Special Class||Nominated|
|Outstanding Talk Show Host||Nominated|
|1993||Outstanding Writing – Special Class||Nominated|
|Outstanding Talk Show Host||Nominated|
|1994||Sally Marr...and her escorts||Tony Award||Best Actress in a Play||Nominated|
|2009||Arthur||Daytime Emmy Award||Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program||Nominated|
|2015||Diary of a Mad Diva||Grammy Award||Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album||Won|
Note: Emmy nominations for Outstanding Writing – Special Class shared with Toem Perew and Hester Mundis.
- On July 26, 1989, she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in the 7000 block of Hollywood Boulevard.
- On March 1, 2013, Rivers and her daughter, Melissa Rivers, were honored by the Ride of Fame and a double decker tour bus was dedicated to them in New York City.
- Shalom Goldman, July 9, 2014 "Joan Rivers", ENCYCLOPEDIA
- Debra Nussbaum Cohen, July 9, 2014 "Joan Rivers Women in Comedy"
- Emily Langer, September 4, 2014 "Joan Rivers, Comedian Who Skewered Everyone Including Herself, Dies" The Washington Post
- "Joan Rivers: In pictures". BBC News.
- DAVID HINCKLEY, September 4, 2014 "Joan Rivers Blazed a Trail for Female Comics" New York Daily News
- Daniel Arkin. "Joan Rivers Remembered by Stand-Up Comics, TV Legends". NBC News.
- Todd Leopold, CNN (September 4, 2014). "Joan Rivers, a pointed, pioneering comedian, dead at 81 - CNN.com". CNN.
- Chris Hardwick (May 9, 2015). "Greg Proops #4". The Nerdist Podcast (Podcast). Nerdist Industries. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- Goldman, Shalom. "Joan Rivers". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
- Joan Rivers' Greatest Red Carpet Moments. ABC News. September 5, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- "How Joan Rivers Changed the Red Carpet Interview Forever With One Simple Question: Watch Her Best Moments!". E!. September 4, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- Ann Oldenburg, USA TODAY (February 8, 2015). "Joan Rivers wins a Grammy". USA TODAY.
- Cavan Sieczkowski (September 5, 2014). "Joan Rivers Honors Robin Williams In Resurfaced Interview". Huffington Post.
Playboy: Jack Gould, former television critic of The New York Times, called you "quite possibly the most intuitively funny woman alive." So whom does America's most intuitively funny woman find funny?
- Jack Gould (October 3, 1968). "TV: Frank and Mature Discussion of Birth Control; Contraceptive Devices Displayed on Channel 4 Vivacious Joan Rivers Brightens Own Show". The New York Times.
GOOD television often turns up at unexpected hours; it did from 9 to 10 A. M. yesterday on WNBC-TV (Channel 4). The first half was a major breakthrough in the educational use of the home screen—a totally frank and completely mature discussion of birth control. The second half hour offered Joan Rivers, quite possibly the most intuitively funny woman alive.
- "Joan Rivers Biography – Facts, Birthday, Life Story". The Biography Channel. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
- Cathy Lynn Grossman, Joan Rivers' gift: Wicked humor with a Jewish touch, The Washington Post, September 4, 2014.
- "Joan Rivers, a Comic Stiletto Quick to Skewer, Is Dead at 81". The New York Times. September 4, 2014.
- Pfefferman, Naomi (December 27, 2007). "Joan Rivers' 'Life'—audacious, as always". Jewish Journal. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "Barbara Waxler Obituary". legacy.com. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "Joan Rivers profile". Filmreference.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- Daily News (New York), September 5, 2014. "Joan Rivers Memory Lives Brooklyn Neighborhood".
- The Wall Street Journal, September 5, 2014. "Joan Rivers on Growing Up in Brooklyn and Attending Progressive School".
- Rivers, Joan (1986). Autobiography: Enter Talking. New York: Delacorte Press, First Printing.
- Autobiography: Bouncing Back (1997), HarperCollins, pp. 74–75.
- Riley, Sam G. (1995) Biographical Dictionary of American Newspaper Columnists, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 265; ISBN 978-0-313-29192-0.
- Sochen, June (1998). "From Sophie Tucker to Barbra Streisand: Jewish Women Entertainers as Reformers". Talking Back: Images of Jewish Women in American Popular Culture. Ed. Joyce Antler. Brandeis series in American Jewish history, culture, and life. Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press Published by University Press of New England. pp. 68–84.
- Enter Talking, pp. 85–96 and last photo insert page before p. 183.
- Enter Talking, p. 230.
- Enter Talking, pp. 233–239.
- Enter Talking, pp. 359–373.
- "The Joan Rivers Show". Imdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "The Next to Last Joan Rivers Album". Retrieved September 5, 2014.
- "Joan Rivers Presents Mr. Phyllis & Other Funny Stories". Retrieved September 5, 2014.
- "Joan Rivers dies at age 81". September 5, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- "Saturday Night Live". Imdb.com. April 9, 1983. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "Grammy Awards". Metrolyrics.com. February 28, 1984. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "Joan Rivers at Carnegie Hall", Columbia Spectator, February 9, 1983.
- video: "AN AUDIENCE WITH JOAN RIVERS (1983)"
- Lavender, Paige (September 4, 2014). "Joan Rivers Said Nancy Reagan Helped Her After Her Husband's Suicide". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
"Nancy Reagan didn't mine Joan Rivers' off-color jokes". Eugene Register-Guard. Washington Post. August 24, 1984. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
"Joan Rivers Explains in 2012 E! True Hollywood Story Interview Why She's a "Very Good Dinner Guest"—Watch". E!. September 6, 2014. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
Taube, Michael (September 9, 2014). "Joan Rivers, a rare brand of Republican". Washington Times. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "Frank Marino - Cover Girl - Transformation". frankmarino.com.
- Comic Genius: Portraits of Funny People, Chronicle Books (2013) p. 197.
- King, Norman (1993). Arsenio Hall. New York: William Morrow & Co., pp. 47–48.
- Horgan, Richard Horgan (October 16, 2013). "BOOKS, FISHBOWLLA: Heeeere's Henry! 'Bombastic Bushkin' Recounts Joan Rivers-Edgar Trickery". Media Bistro.
- "Joan Rivers Returns To 'Tonight Show' After Decades-Long Ban". Variety. February 17, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Joanne Kaufman, Alan Carter,  "Rocked by Tragedy and Failure, Joan Rivers Comes Back with a New Show and a New Life", People, February 19, 1990.
- Kurtz, Judy (September 4, 2014). "Gillibrand, Nancy Reagan mourn Joan Rivers' death". The Hill. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
Rivers credited the former president's wife with helping her after the 1987 suicide of her second husband, Edgar Rosenberg. The comedy queen recalled the conversation with Reagan in a 2010 interview, "I said, 'I can't get Edgar's body out of Philadelphia.' She said, 'Let me see what I can do.' The next day, his body came back to L.A. You don't ever forget that, especially when the chips are down."
- video: "David Letterman Remembers Joan Rivers"
- "The Joan Rivers Show". Imdb.com. May 25, 2001. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- TV Guide Guide to TV. Barnes and Noble. 2004. p. 331. ISBN 0-7607-5634-1.
- Bouncing Back!, p. 207.
- Scheck, Frank (May 16, 1994). "'Sally Marr' Ranks High Only With Joan Rivers Fans". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
- "Awards: Sally Marr...and her escorts". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
- "Entertainment & the Arts | TV briefs: Rivers duo may leave E! for TV Guide Channel | Seattle Times Newspaper". Community.seattletimes.nwsource.com. June 25, 2004. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "Nip/Tuck Episode: "Joan Rivers"". TV Guide. Lions Gate Entertainment. October 5, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- "Nip/Tuck Episode: "Ben White"". TV Guide. Lions Gate Entertainment. November 1, 2005. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- "Nip/Tuck Episode: "Hiro Yoshimura"". TV Guide. Lions Gate Entertainment. March 3, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Noonan, Peggy (September 5, 2014). "Joan Rivers: The Entertainer". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
Purdum, Todd S. (June 12, 2004). "THE 40TH PRESIDENT: IN WASHINGTON; At Rites for Reagan, Soaring Farewells". New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
Von Drehle, David (June 12, 2004). "Reagan Hailed as Leader for 'the Ages'". Washington Post. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
Bob Colacello (October 1, 2004). Ronnie and Nancy: Their Path to the White House--1911 to 1980. Grand Central Publishing. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-7595-1267-2.
- "Prince Charles Is Just as Broken Up Over Joan Rivers' Death as We Are". Vanity Fair. September 5, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "San Francisco". Magic Theatre. Archived from the original on March 3, 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "Joan Rivers performing at The 79th Royal Variety Performance". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. September 4, 2014. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
- "Joan Rivers and The Celebrity Apprentice". Youtube. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Catlin, Roger (April 27, 2009). "'Celebrity Apprentice': Rivers Run". Hartford Courant. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
- "Rivers defends daughter on 'Celebrity Apprentice'". Associated Press. April 27, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
- Weiss, Shari (February 7, 2011). "Joan Rivers Go Daddy Super Bowl commerical [sic]: Is that really the 77-year-old comedienne's body?". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- Abbey, Jennifer. "Joan Rivers Chains Herself to Costco Shopping Cart in Protest". ABC News. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Joan Rivers 'remains on life support' five days after heart and lung failure, comedienne's daughter Melissa Rivers confirms, independent.co.uk; accessed September 4, 2014.
- Pearson, Jennifer (August 27, 2014). "LeAnn Rimes makes tasteless rape joke to Joan Rivers about losing her virginity during couple's interview with Eddie Cibrian". The Daily Mail.
- "'MAKERS: Women in Comedy' director recalls interviewing Joan Rivers". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com.
- Nachman, Gerald (2003). Seriously Funny The Rebel Comedians of the 1950s and 1960s. New York, NY: Pantheon Books. p. 659. ISBN 9780375410307. OCLC 50339527.
- Johnson, Zach (March 31, 2013). "Joan Rivers Calls Adele 'Chubby', Says the Singer Should 'Lose Weight'". Us Weekly. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- "Joan Rivers sticks to 'fat' Adele comments after singer demands apology: 'She should just calm down — or lose weight!'". New York Daily News.
- "Leave Joan Rivers alone! Holocaust remark part of her lifelong comedic style". M&C. March 1, 2013.
- "Ohio women held captive seek Joan Rivers' apology". Yahoo! News.
- "Joan Rivers Refuses To Apologize For Cleveland Kidnapping Victims Joke". Huffington Post. April 24, 2014.
- "Joan Rivers Interview: Her 6 best one-liners". Hollywood Reporter. June 12, 2013.
- Leonard Jay Greenspoon, ed. Jews and Humor, Purdue University Press (2011) p. 163
- Zoglin, Richard. Comedy at the Edge: How Stand-up in the 1970s Changed America, Bloomsbury Publishing (2008) e-book
- video: Joan Rivers on Johnny Carson Show
- Timberg, Bernard. Television Talk: A History of the TV Talk Show, University of Texas Press (2002) p. 132.
- Price, Victoria, ed. St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, vol. 4, St. James Press (2000) pp. 219–220.
- "Joan Rivers being brought out of induced coma, family to sue doctors". The Jerusalem Post. September 1, 2014.
- Enter Talking, pp. 67–71.
- Enter Talking, fourth page of photo inserts between pp. 182–183.
- Enter Talking, p. 70.
- Enter Talking epilogue, p. 375.
- Fink, Mitchell (December 2, 2000). "Stars To Swell Cathedral For Mottola Wedding". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- "Joan Rivers is a nice person – really". The Miami Herald. June 24, 2010.
- Marjorie Rosen (June 21, 1993). "The Rivers Run Together". People Magazine 39 (24).
"The way I see it," explains Joan, "Melissa blamed me." After all, Joan and Edgar had only recently separated when he killed himself.
- "Joan Rivers - obituary". The Telegraph.
She also confided to friends that her relationship with Rosenberg had been a "total sham", and complained bitterly about his treatment of her during their 22-year marriage.
- "Joan Rivers on Howard Stern Show". Sirius Radio. June 5, 2012.
- Rivers, Joan (1997). Bouncing Back.
- Hays, Matthew (2002). "Can she talk". Montreal Mirror. Archived from the original on November 16, 2002. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- Rivers, Joan. "In Bed With Joan".
- Cadwalladr, Carole (February 21, 2009). "Talk about a boob job: Joan Rivers' hymn to the joys of plastic surgery leaves Carole Cadwalladr feeling queasy". The Observer.
- Kron, Joan (July 2005). "Nip/Talk". Allure (Condé Nast). Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- Rivers, Joan & Frankel, Valerie (December 30, 2008). Men Are Stupid ... And They Like Big Boobs: A Woman's Guide to Beauty Through Plastic Surgery (First ed.). Gallery Books. ISBN 978-1416599227.
- Ramisetti, Kirthana (September 4, 2014). "Joan Rivers dead at 81: Comedian's Top 10 jokes about celebs, plastic surgery, herself (A look back at the comedian's top zingers from her decades-long career)". New York Daily News.
- Solomon, Deborah (December 31, 2008). "Questions for Joan Rivers: Cutup". The New York Times Magazine.
- New York Magazine, May 13, 1985
- "Joan Rivers Charity Work, Events and Causes", Look to the Stars
- Couch, Robbie (September 4, 2014). "Joan Rivers Didn't Just Tell Jokes. She Fought For AIDS Patients And Suicide Prevention, Too". The Huffington Post.
- "AHF mourns Joan Rivers: 'Her heart was as big as her mouth was tart.'". AIDS Health Foundation. September 4, 2014.
- Bacchus, Danya (September 5, 2014). "Joan Rivers Considered 'Joan of Arc' for HIV/AIDS Community". KNSD.
- "Board of Directors". American Foundation for Suicide Prevention.
- "Remembering Joan Rivers, a friend of Scouting". Bryan on Scouting. September 4, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- "Clinic where Joan Rivers stopped breathing is under investigation", CNN, September 4, 2014
- "Joan Rivers In Medically-Induced Coma After Going Into Cardiac Arrest". CBS Local. CBS News. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
- McShane, Larry (August 30, 2014). "Joan Rivers on life support, family members stand vigil". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- "Joan Rivers 'resting comfortably' after health scare". BBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
- "Medical Examiner: Joan Rivers' Death 'Resulted From Predictable Complication'". WCBS-TV. October 16, 2014. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- "Joan Rivers' Treatment Had Numerous Violations, U.S. Inquiry Finds", New York Times, November 10, 2014
- "Joan Rivers' daughter 'outraged' over mistakes that led to comedian's death", The Guardian, U.K., November 11, 2014
- "Rabbi Perl to Joan Rivers "Can We Talk?" The Tragic Cremation of Joan Rivers". Five Towns Jewish Times. 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
- Duke, Alan (September 8, 2014). "Joan Rivers gets showbiz send-off with New York funeral". CNN. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
- Joan Rivers gets star-studded New York funeral, The Times of Israel, September 7, 2014
- Barron, James (September 7, 2014). "At Joan Rivers' Memorial, Celebrities, Cameras and Crowds". The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
- McRady, Rachel (September 10, 2014). "Melissa Rivers Reads Hilarious Note to Joan Rivers as Eulogy at Funeral: Read the Entire Letter". Us Weekly. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
- "Lawyers: Melissa Rivers files malpractice lawsuit in mother Joan's death". Fox News. Associated Press. January 26, 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
- "Joan Rivers Death: Hollywood Reacts". TMZ. September 4, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- "Stars react to the death of comedian Joan Rivers". Fox News. September 4, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Takeda, Allison (November 4, 2014). "Kathy Griffin Was Offered Joan Rivers' Spot on Fashion Police: "I Don't Know If It's Right for Me"". US Weekly. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Reed, Ryan (September 8, 2014). "Chris Rock Salutes Joan Rivers: 'One of the Greatest' Stand-Ups". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Arkin, Daniel (September 5, 2014). "Joan Rivers Remembered by Stand-Up Comics, TV Legends". NBC News. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- "Stars pay tribute to Joan Rivers", CBS News, September 4, 2014
- "Can we talk? Jimmy Fallon and more late-night hosts pay tribute to Joan Rivers", Today, September 5, 2014
- "Howard Stern Pays Tribute to Joan Rivers", video 1 hour
- "Sarah Silverman Plays Joan Rivers in Saturday Night Live Heaven Skit: Watch Now!", Us Weekly, October 5, 2014
- "Gillibrand, Nancy Reagan mourn Joan Rivers' death", The Hill, September 4, 2014
- "Prince Charles Is Just as Broken Up Over Joan Rivers' Death as We Are", Vanity Fair, September 5, 2014
- "Netanyahu hails legendary American Jewish comedian Rivers as 'vocal supporter of Israel'", Jerusalem Post, September 4, 2014
- "Melissa Rivers: President Obama Sent Handwritten Condolences After Joan Rivers' Death", ABC News, September 19, 2014
- "Amy Schumer Pays Tribute to Joan Rivers at Glamour's Women Of The Year Awards", Shalom Life, November 21, 2014
- "Kathy Griffin Will Replace Joan Rivers On 'Fashion Police'", Hollywood Life, November 18, 2014
- "Joan Rivers Calls Adele "Chubby," Says the Singer Should "Lose Weight"". usmagazine.com. March 31, 2013.
- "Joan Rivers sticks to ‘fat’ Adele comments after singer demands apology: 'She should just calm down — or lose weight!'". nydailynews.com.
- CNN Staff (February 28, 2013). "Joan Rivers not apologizing for Holocaust joke". CNN.
- "Ohio women held captive seek Joan Rivers' apology". Yahoo News. April 24, 2014.
- "Joan Rivers Refuses To Apologize For Cleveland Kidnapping Victims Joke". The Huffington Post.
- "Joan Rivers Crosses All Lines Mocking Lindsay Lohan's Miscarriage". The Huffington Post.
- "Joan Rivers: 'Palestinians deserve to be dead'". The Independent.
- "Joan Rivers Responds To Critics After Controversial Gaza Comments, Including: 'Palestinian Civilians Deserve To Be Dead... They Started It'". The Huffington Post UK.
- Robinson, Tasha (November 5, 2012). "1965's Hootenanny A Go-Go teaches us that boats and folk songs are the key to getting lucky". The AV Club. Archived from the original on September 23, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
A couple of songs [are] performed by comedy act Jim, Jake & Joan. The Joan is Joan Rivers in her first film role, looking peppy and caffeinated as she brays out counterpoint lines to the more tuneful guys. Their initial number, riffing on the day's news, seems inspired by Mel Brooks and Carl Reiner's routines, but less funny.
- "Uncle Scam (1981)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- "Joan Rivers: Filmography". AllMovie.com / Rovi via The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 1, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- "Making Trouble: Three Generations of Funny Jewish Women". The National Center for Jewish Film. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
- Giuliano, Mike (November 10, 2011). "'Tower Heist' actually has its eyes on your wallet". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
- "First Reviews: The Swimmer Blue-Ray/DVD!". Grindhouse Releasing. March 24, 2014. Archived from the original on June 2, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
- ShadeGrenade (January 20, 2006). "Joan Rivers: Can We Talk? (TV Series 1986– )". IMDb.
- "Tears and Laughter: The Joan and Melissa Rivers Story". Imdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "E! True Hollywood Story: Joan Rivers". Imdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "''Season 2 Episode 16''". Tv.com. September 8, 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "Drop Dead Diva cancelled by Lifetime". CBS News. Accessed 31 August 2015.
- "Fun City". Ibdb.com. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "Broadway Bound – Replacements". Ibdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- "Joan Rivers". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- "Joan Rivers gets Walk of Fame star". Rome News-Tribune. July 26, 1989. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- Joan and Melissa Rivers Debut Their Glamorous Ride of Fame in NYC Huffington Post. March 1, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joan Rivers.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Joan Rivers|
- Official website
- Joan Rivers at the Internet Movie Database
- Joan Rivers at the Internet Broadway Database
- Joan Rivers at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Joan Rivers interview video at the Archive of American Television
|The Apprentice winners
Season 8 (Celebrity Edition 2)