Joan the Wad
Joan the Wad is a mythological character in Cornish folklore. She is the Queen of the Pixies, which are tiny mythical creatures usually associated with the counties of Cornwall and Devon in England.
Joan the Wad has been associated with Jack o' the Lantern, the King of the Pixies. The two may also be considered will-o'-the-wisp type characters who lead travelers astray on lonely moors, hence the rhyme:
Joan the Wad is often depicted naked and associated with fire and water elements. In the last century, there was a thriving cottage industry in Joan the Wad lucky charms. People carried small figures of Joan the Wad for good luck: a small collection of such antique figures is housed at the Museum of Witchcraft in Boscastle. Her image also appears on door knockers to serve as a protective spirit.
- Illes, Judika (2009). Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses. New York, NY: HarperCollins. p. 531. ISBN 978-0061350245.
- Couch, Jonathan (1871). The History of Polperro. Simpkin, Marshall & Co.
- Courtney, Margaret Ann; Couch, Thomas Quiller (1880). Glossary of Words in Use in Cornwall. Trübner & Co.
- Simpson, Jacqueline; Roud, Steve (2000). A Dictionary of English Folklore. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0192100191.
- Northall, G.F. (1892). English Folk-Rhymes. K. Paul, Trench, Trübner.
- "Pisky: Joan the Wad". Museum of Witchcraft in Boscastle, Cornwall. Archived from the original on January 29, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2012.