Joaquín Ascaso Budria
President of the Regional Defence Council of Aragon
17 January 1937 – 10 August 1937
Joaquín Ascaso Budria
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He worked as a building worker, and, in his youth, he entered CNT, taking part in the anarchist association known as Los Indomables (“The Indomitable Ones”), and helping as well another one known as Los Solidarios (“Solidarity”).
Ascaso was arrested in Zaragoza because of his anarchist activities in 1924. According to the police report, he was seventeen then. After that, he fled to France until the advent of the Second Spanish Republic, having been influenced by the Jaca Uprising. When the Spanish Civil War broke out, he was in Barcelona, and during the 1936 Spanish Revolution he set out to the Aragons’s Front, first in the Durruti Column, and afterwards in the Ortiz's Column. He was appointed a Government’s delegate on 19 January 1937, by the Regional Council for Aragon's Defense.
When the Council was dissolved, he was arrested by Spanish Republican Government's orders on 19 August 1937. He was kept in the San Miguel de los Reyes prison (near Valencia) for 38 days. Finally, he set out to France, through Andorra, with Antonio Ortiz. From there, he went to Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay and finally settled down in Venezuela, where, in the 1960s, he founded, together with Antonio Ortiz and other libertarian exiles, an anarchist group called Fuerza Única (“Unique Force”).
Historian Alejandro Díez Torre recovered and published in 2006 a book written by Ascaso himself, “Memorias, 1936-1938: Hacia un nuevo Aragón” (“Memoirs, 1936-1938: Towards a new Aragon”), which was edited by the University of Zaragoza. Writer Francisco Carrasquer published that same year “Ascaso y Zaragoza, dos pérdidas: la pérdida” (“Ascaso and Zaragoza. Two losses: one loss”), a research paper about Ascaso and the Council.
- Ascaso, J. (2006), Memorias(1936-1938):Hacia un nuevo Aragón, Prensas Universitarias de Zaragoza.
- Carrasquer, F. (2003), Ascaso y Zaragoza, dos pérdidas: La pérdida, Alcaraván Ediciones.
- Gómez, J. (1977), Los anarquistas en el gobierno, 1936-1939, Editorial Brugera.
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