Joaquín Crespo

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Joaquín Crespo
Martin Tovar y Tovar 25.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
26 April 1884 – 15 September 1886
Preceded byAntonio Guzmán Blanco
Succeeded byAntonio Guzmán Blanco
President of Venezuela
In office
7 October 1892 – 28 February 1898
Preceded byGuillermo Tell Villegas Pulido
Succeeded byIgnacio Andrade
Personal details
Born(1841-08-22)22 August 1841
San Francisco de Cara, Aragua, State of Venezuela
Died16 April 1898(1898-04-16) (aged 56)
La Mata Carmelera, Cojedes, Venezuela
Resting placeSouthern General Cemetery[1]
Political partyLiberal Party
SpouseJacinta Parejo

Joaquín Sinforiano de Jesús Crespo Torres (Spanish pronunciation: [xoaˈkin simfoˈɾjano ðe xeˈsus ˈkɾespo ˈtores]; 22 August 1841 – 16 April 1898) was a Venezuelan military officer and politician. A member of the Great Liberal Party of Venezuela, he served as the president of Venezuela from 1884 to 1886 and again from 1892 to 1898. He began his career as a soldier during the Federal War.


Joaquín Crespo became president for the first time in 1884. In 1886 Guzmán Blanco returned as president. Crespo went into exile during the presidency of Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl which marked a break with Guzmán Blanco's policies.

During the second Joaquín Crespo regime, which began in 1892, a new constitution increased the presidential term. The Venezuelan crisis of 1895 saw Venezuela's longstanding dispute with Great Britain about the territory of Guayana Esequiba come to a head with the USA giving diplomatic support to Venezuela. Britain claimed the territory as part of British Guiana while Venezuela saw it as Venezuelan. The disputed border was submitted to international arbitration. The arbitral panel awarded most of the territory to Britain in 1899 after Crespo's death.

Subsequent career[edit]

In 1897, Crespo did not campaign for a third presidential term but supported Ignacio Andrade against key opponent Jose Manuel Hernandez. Andrade won the election[2] and inaugurated his term on 28 February,[citation needed] 1898 . Hernandez decried the results as fraudulent and took up arms. Hernandez was quickly defeated, with resultant political turmoil.[2]


Crespo, who remained a military mainstay of the government, was killed in battle on 16 April 1898[3] in the Combat of Mata Carmelera while defending the government of Andrade.[3]

He was buried in the Southern General Cemetery. During the crisis in Venezuela, in 2018, the tomb of Crespo and his wife Jacinta was looted and vandalized, leaving their bodies exposed to the elements.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Crespo was married to Jacinta Parejo,[1] who served as First Lady of Venezuela from 1884 to 1886,[citation needed] and 1892–1898.[citation needed]

Parents Leandro Crespo 1801- 1889 Maria Aquilina Torres 1819 1889

Brothers and Sisters Tiburcio Antonio de Jesus Crespo Torres 1845- Jose Julian Crespo Torres 1848- Juana de la Rosa Crespo Torres 1853 General Luis Benito Crespo Torres 1855-1933 Cornelia Crespo Torres 1856- 1886 Coronel Hipolito de Jesus Crespo Torres 1859- 1898 ( Married to Maria Suarez)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Diputado Richard Blanco denuncia destrozos en el panteón de Joaquín Crespo en el Cementerio General del Sur (video)". La Patilla (in European Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Ignacio Andrade". Biografias y Vidas. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b Shaw, Albert (1898). "Obituaries". The American Monthly Review of Reviews. New York: The Review of Reviews Co.: 539.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by President of Venezuela
Succeeded by
Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Preceded by President of Venezuela
Succeeded by