Joaquín Crespo

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Joaquín Crespo
Martin Tovar y Tovar 25.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
26 April 1884 – 15 September 1886
Preceded byAntonio Guzmán Blanco
Succeeded byAntonio Guzmán Blanco
President of Venezuela
In office
October 7, 1892 – February 28, 1898
Preceded byGuillermo Tell Villegas Pulido
Succeeded byIgnacio Andrade
Personal details
Born(1841-08-22)22 August 1841
San Francisco de Cara, Aragua
Died16 April 1898(1898-04-16) (aged 56)
La Mata Carmelera, Cojedes
Political partyLiberal Party
Spouse(s)Jacinta Parejo

Joaquín Sinforiano de Jesús Crespo Torres (Spanish pronunciation: [xoaˈkin simfoˈɾjano ðe xeˈsus ˈkɾespo ˈtores]; 22 August 1841 – 16 April 1898) was a politician, soldier, a member of the Great Liberal Party of Venezuela and President of Venezuela from 1884 to 1886 and again from 1892 to 1898.


During the second Joaquín Crespo regime, the Venezuela Crisis of 1895 saw Venezuela's longstanding dispute with Great Britain about the territory of Guayana Esequiba, which Britain claimed as part of British Guiana and Venezuela saw as Venezuelan territory, come to a head. An international arbitral panel ultimately awarded most of the territory to Britain. In 1897, Crespo did not campaign for a third presidential term but supported Ignacio Andrade against key opponent Jose Manuel Hernandez. Andrade won the election[1] and inaugurated his term on February 28,[citation needed] 1898 . Hernandez decried the results as fraudulent and took up arms. Hernandez was quickly defeated, with resultant political turmoil.[1]


Crespo, who remained a military mainstay of the government, was killed in battle on April 16, 1898[2] in the Combat of Mata Carmelera while defending the government of Ignacio Andrade.[2]

During the crisis in Bolivarian Venezuela, the tomb of Crespo and his wife Jacinta was looted and vandalized, leaving their bodies exposed to the elements.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Crespo was married to Jacinta Parejo,[citation needed] who served as First Lady of Venezuela from 1884 to 1886,[citation needed] and 1892–1898.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Ignacio Andrade". Biografias y Vidas. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b Shaw, Albert (1898). "Obituaries". The American Monthly Review of Reviews. New York: The Review of Reviews Co.: 539.
  3. ^ "Diputado Richard Blanco denuncia destrozos en el panteón de Joaquín Crespo en el Cementerio General del Sur (video)". La Patilla (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2018.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Antonio Guzmán Blanco
President of Venezuela
Succeeded by
Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Preceded by
Guillermo Tell Villegas Pulido
President of Venezuela
Succeeded by
Ignacio Andrade