Cardinal Marquis of Almenara
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Cardinal Marquis of Almenara, Count of Palma del Río
Portrait by Antoine de Favray
|Born||27 March 1681|
|Died||22 June 1760|
|Occupation||Spanish military officer; Roman Catholic prelate; Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto|
Joaquín Fernández de Portocarrero y Mendoza, 4th Marquis of Almenara, 9th Count of Palma del Río (27 March 1681 – 22 June 1760) was a Grandee of Spain who served Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor as Viceroy of Sicily and interim Viceroy of Naples, before entering the priesthood in his late forties and rising to the rank of cardinal, ending his life as Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina.
He was born in Madrid, Spain as son of Luis Antonio Tomas de Portocarrero and Maria Leonor of Moscoso. In his twenties and thirties, he conducted military campaigns for King Philip V of Spain. He served Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor as Viceroy of Sicily from 1722 to 1728 and interim Viceroy of Naples from July–December 1728. He was Spanish Ambassador in Rome from 1746 to 1760, on behalf of King Ferdinand VI of Spain.
He was ordained into the priesthood on 17 January 1730. On 25 May 1735 he was appointed the Latin Patriarch of Antioch, and on 30 May he was ordained a bishop. On 9 September 1743, he was elevated to cardinal, and appointed Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati. He was subsequently appointed Cardinal-Priest of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere on 10 April 1747, and then Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere on 9 April 1753.
He died in Rome in 1760. No issue, titles passed to Aragonese family connected Pedro "Fernandez de Hijar" y "Abarca de Bolea" (1741–1808), Grandee of Spain, 9th Duke of Hijar, 9th Duke of Lecera, 5th Duke of Bournonville and many other lesser titles.
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