Joaquín Miguel Elizalde

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Joaquín Miguel D. Elizalde
Joaquin Miguel Elizalde.png
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
April 18, 1952 – December 30, 1953
President Elpidio Quirino
Preceded by Carlos P. Romulo
Succeeded by Carlos P. Garcia
In office
April 17, 1948 – January 6, 1950
Preceded by Elpidio Quirino
Succeeded by Carlos P. Romulo
Resident Commissioner to the U.S. House of Representatives from the Philippine Islands
In office
September 29, 1938 – August 9, 1944
Preceded by Quintin Paredes
Succeeded by Carlos P. Romulo
Personal details
Born Joaquín Miguel Elizalde Díaz
(1896-08-02)August 2, 1896
Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died February 9, 1965(1965-02-09) (aged 68)
Washington, D.C., United States
Military service
Allegiance  Philippines
Service/branch Philippine Commonwealth Army
Rank Major
Battles/wars World War II

Joaquín Miguel "Mike" Díaz Elizalde (August 2, 1896 Manila – February 9, 1965 Washington, D. C.) was a Filipino statesman.

Personal life[edit]

Elizalde was born on August 2, 1896 in Manila, the eldest child of José Joaquín Elizalde (who was the Philippine-born son of Joaquín Marcelino Elizalde y Yrisarry, an immigrant from Elizondo in Navarre, Spain) and Carmen Díaz y Moreau (who was from Spain).[1] His siblings were Juan Miguel, Angel, Manuel ("Manolo"), Federico ("Fred") and Carmenchu.

He was educated at St. Joseph's College, London, and Dr. Schmidt's Institute in St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Elizalde was married to Elena von Kauffmann in 1924 and had two daughters, Cecilia and Elenita. The couple divorced in 1957.

He later married Susan Magalona (born Susana Clarita Magalona y Gayoso, 1921-2014), daughter of Philippine senator Enrique Magalona and sister of Filipino actor Pancho Magalona. The couple had two children, Maria Theresa ("Tracey") and Juan Miguel ("J.M.", died 2007).[2]

Business career[edit]

In 1936, Elizalde and his brothers established Elizalde & Company, Inc. after acquiring the major businesses of Ynchausti y Compañía, among them Ynchausti Shipping, Tanduay, YCO Paints and Floor Wax, Rizal Cement, and the Central Azucarera de La Carlota and Central Azucarera de Pilar (now Capiz Sugar Central) sugar refineries. He was the company's first president. After World War II, he decided to focus on his diplomatic career and was succeeded as president of the company by his brother Manolo.[3]

Diplomatic career[edit]

Elizalde was an industrialist and financier and economic adviser to President Manuel L. Quezon in 1937 and 1938. He became a member of the National Economic Council 1937–1941 and 1952 and 1953, and of the Joint Preparatory Committee on Philippine Affairs in 1936 and 1937. He was also a member of the Council of State 1936 to 1941 and 1952 to 1953 and served as Major of the Cavalry Reserve, Philippine Army.

J.M. Elizalde, Sergio Osmeña, and John W. Hausermann, taken in 1938 or 1939, Harris & Ewing Collection, U.S. Library of Congress

As Resident Commissioner to the U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elizalde was appointed as a Resident Commissioner to the U.S. House of Representatives on September 29, 1938, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Quintin Paredes and served until his resignation on August 9, 1944 and became a member of the war cabinet of President Manuel L. Quezon in 1941.

As International Monetary Fund governor[edit]

In 1946, he became a member of the board of governors of the International Monetary Fund and of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development until 1950 and was the Philippine ambassador to the United States from July 6, 1946 until January 1952.

He was the first of only two former US congressmen to later serve as an ambassador from another country.[4]

Secretary of Foreign Affairs under President Quirino[edit]

He also served as Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Philippines from 1948 to 1950 and 1952 to 1953, both under the administration of President Elpidio Quirino and an economic adviser to the Philippine Mission at the United Nations, with the rank of Ambassador from 1956 to 1965.


He was an avid polo player together with his brothers, Juan Miguel, Angel and Manolo. In January 1937, the Elizalde brothers inaugurated the Los Tamaraos Polo Club in Parañaque after resigning their memberships in the Manila Polo Club in protest to the rejection of the membership application of Manuel Nieto, aide-de-camp of Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon. The Elizalde brothers proposed and seconded Nieto's membership application.[5][6]

Retirement and death[edit]

He was a resident of Moreland Farms, Adamstown, Maryland. He died on February 9, 1965 and was buried at St. Joseph Church cemetery, Carrollton Manor, Frederick County, Maryland.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Borja, Marciano R. De (16 April 2018). "Basques in the Philippines". University of Nevada Press. Retrieved 16 April 2018 – via Google Books. 
  2. ^ "Elizalde, Joaquin Miguel". History, Art & Archives, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved 26 May 2018. 
  3. ^ de Borja, Marciano R (2005). Basques in the Philippines. Nevada: University of Nevada Press. pp. 128–131. ISBN 0-87417-590-9. 
  4. ^ "Embassy of the Philippines - Embassy of the Philippines, Washington, D.C." Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  5. ^ Harrison, F.B. "Diary of Francis Burton Harrison, March 24, 1935". The Philippine Diary Project. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  6. ^ "Polo history in the Philippines". The Manila Times. 5 July 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Quintin Paredes
Resident Commissioner from the Philippines to the United States Congress
Succeeded by
Carlos P. Romulo

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website