Joaquín Mora Fernández

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Joaquín Mora Fernández (16 January 1786 – 26 October 1862) was the provisional head of state of Costa Rica from 1 March to 17 April 1837.


Joaquin Mora Fernández was born in San José, Costa Rica, on 16 January 1786. He was the son of Mateo Mora y Valverde and Lucía Encarnación Fernández y Umaña, who were also parents of the first head of state, Juan Mora Fernández.

He was married in San José on November 27, 1819, to María del Pilar Bonilla y Nava (1804–1866), granddaughter of Spanish Governor José Joaquín de Nava y Cabezudo. They had five children: Mateo, Catalina, Rafaela, Pilar and María del Carmen Mora Bonilla.

First public office[edit]

He was commissioned in Costa Rica in Granada, Nicaragua (1822), a member of the special seat of judgement that tried the royal coup participants Joaquín de Oreamuno y Muñoz de la Trinidad (1823), a member of the Representative Council (1829-1831 and 1836–1838) and alternate judges of the Supreme Court of Costa Rica (1832). Provisional Supreme Chief [edit]

On March 1, 1837, for completing the period of the Chief of Braulio Carrillo Colina and have not yet declared the election of his successor, was named by the Legislative Assembly to exercise the executive branch and the Provisional Supreme Chief. He held this position until 17 April 1837.

During his administration issued a decree that ordered the authorities to move the port of Puntarenas and Caldera to build on it the necessary buildings. It also issued a general rate of salaries and equipment of public officials.


In January 1839 he was accused of conspiring against the government of Braulio Carrillo Colina and of planning his murder. Vehemently rejected the charges but was sentenced to death. However, the 18th of that month Carrillo decided to commute the sentence of death by the removal of country life.

Puntarenas passed in 1840 on the steamer Eagle, from Valparaiso. Although he made no attempt to land, port authorities demanded that the captain of the ship that deliver them to Mora. The sailor refused and left the ship immediately. Given this fact, Braulio Carrillo Colina issued a decree to provide that if Joaquin Mora Fernandez reached anywhere within the territory of Costa Rica should be shot immediately. Death [edit]

He returned to Costa Rica to fall Carrillo, and stayed away from politics, devoted to the management of their coffee plantations. Died in San José, Costa Rica, on 26 October 1862.


Political offices
Preceded by
Braulio Carrillo Colina
Head of State of Costa Rica
March–April 1837
Succeeded by
Manuel Aguilar Chacón