Joaquim Manuel de Macedo
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|Joaquim Manuel de Macedo|
A photograph of Joaquim Manuel de Macedo dating from 1866
24 June 1820|
11 May 1882 (aged 61)|
Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil
|Occupation||novelist, medician, poet, teacher, playwright, journalist|
|Notable works||A Moreninha, O Moço Loiro, A Luneta Mágica|
|Spouse||Maria Catarina de Abreu Sodré|
Joaquim Manuel de Macedo (June 24, 1820 – April 11, 1882) was a Brazilian novelist, doctor, teacher, poet, playwright and journalist, famous for the romance A Moreninha.
He is the patron of the 20th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Joaquim Manuel de Macedo was born in the city of Itaboraí, in 1820, to Severino de Macedo Carvalho and Benigna Catarina da Conceição. He graduated in Medicine in 1844, and started to practice it in the inlands of Rio. In the same year, he published his romance A Moreninha. In 1849, he founded the magazine Guanabara, along with Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre and Gonçalves Dias. In this magazine, many parts of his lengthy poem A Nebulosa were published.
Returning to Rio, he abandoned Medicine and became a teacher of History and Geography at the Colégio Pedro II. He was very linked to the Brazilian Imperial Family, even becoming a tutor for Princess Isabel's children. He was also a provincial deputy and a general deputy, and a member of the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute.
During his last years of life, he suffered mental disturbances. These made his health worse and led to his death on May 11, 1882.
He was married to Maria Catarina de Abreu Sodré, a cousin of poet Álvares de Azevedo. Some historians say that the titular character of his novel A Moreninha was based on her.
- A Moreninha (1844)
- O Moço Loiro (1845)
- Os Dois Amores (1848)
- Rosa (1849)
- Vicentina (1853)
- O Forasteiro (1855)
- Os Romances da Semana (1861)
- Rio do Quarto (1869)
- A Luneta Mágica (1869)
- As Vítimas-algozes (1869)
- As Mulheres de Mantilha (1870 — 1871)
- Memórias da Rua do Ouvidor
- Um Passeio pela Cidade do Rio de Janeiro
- O Fantasma Branco (1856)
- O Primo da Califórnia (1858)
- Luxo e Vaidade (1860)
- A Torre em Concurso (1863)
- Cincinato Quebra-Louças (1873)
- A Nebulosa (1857)
- Considerações sobre a Nostalgia
|Portuguese Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Macedo's biography at the official site of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (in Portuguese)
- Works by or about Joaquim Manuel de Macedo at Internet Archive
- Works by Joaquim Manuel de Macedo at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
Brazilian Academy of Letters - Patron of the 20th chair
Salvador de Mendonça (founder)