Joaquim Manuel de Macedo
|Born||24 June 1820|
|Died||11 April 1882 (aged 61)|
Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil
|Occupation||novelist, medician, poet, teacher, playwright, journalist|
|Spouse||Maria Catarina de Abreu Sodré|
Joaquim Manuel de Macedo (June 24, 1820 – April 11, 1882) was a Brazilian novelist, doctor, teacher, poet, playwright and journalist, famous for the romance A Moreninha. He is considered the first Brazilian novelist.
Joaquim Manuel de Macedo was born in the city of Itaboraí, in 1820, to Severino de Macedo Carvalho and Benigna Catarina da Conceição. He graduated in Medicine in 1844, and started to practice it in the inlands of Rio. In the same year, he published his romance A Moreninha. In 1849, he founded the magazine Guanabara, along with Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre and Gonçalves Dias. In this magazine, many parts of his lengthy poem A Nebulosa were published.
Returning to Rio, he abandoned Medicine and became a teacher of History and Geography at the Colégio Pedro II. He was very linked to the Brazilian Imperial Family, even becoming a tutor for Princess Isabel's children. He was also a provincial deputy and a general deputy, and a member of the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute.
During his last years of life, he suffered mental disturbances. These made his health worse and led to his death on April 11, 1882.
He was married to Maria Catarina de Abreu Sodré, a cousin of poet Álvares de Azevedo. Some historians say that the titular character of his novel A Moreninha was based on her.
- A Moreninha (1844)
- O Moço Loiro (1845)
- Os Dois Amores (1848)
- Rosa (1849)
- Vicentina (1853)
- O Forasteiro (1855)
- Os Romances da Semana (1861)
- Rio do Quarto (1869)
- A Luneta Mágica (1869)
- As Vítimas-algozes (1869)
- As Mulheres de Mantilha (1870 — 1871)
- Memórias da Rua do Ouvidor
- Um Passeio pela Cidade do Rio de Janeiro
- O Fantasma Branco (1856)
- O Primo da Califórnia (1858)
- Luxo e Vaidade (1860)
- A Torre em Concurso (1863)
- Cincinato Quebra-Louças (1873)
- A Nebulosa (1857)
- Considerações sobre a Nostalgia
- Letras, Academia Brasileira de (1926). Revista (in Brazilian Portuguese). Academia. p. 111.
- Silva, Ana Cláudia Suriani da; Vasconcelos, Sandra Guardini (2020-05-14). Comparative Perspectives on the Rise of the Brazilian Novel. UCL Press. pp. 129–134. ISBN 978-1-78735-471-5.
- "Joaquim Manuel de Macedo". Academia Brasileira de Letras (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2023-09-29.
- Macedo's biography at the official site of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (in Portuguese)
- Works by or about Joaquim Manuel de Macedo at Internet Archive
- Works by Joaquim Manuel de Macedo at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)