Joaquin Miller Cabin

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Joaquin Miller Cabin
Joaquin Miller Cabin - Rock Creek Park.jpg
Joaquin Miller Cabin is located in the District of Columbia
Joaquin Miller Cabin
Joaquin Miller Cabin is located in the US
Joaquin Miller Cabin
Location Near Picnic Grove 6 on Beach Drive, N.W. in Rock Creek Park, Washington, D.C.
Coordinates 38°57′50″N 77°02′47″W / 38.96402°N 77.04633°W / 38.96402; -77.04633Coordinates: 38°57′50″N 77°02′47″W / 38.96402°N 77.04633°W / 38.96402; -77.04633
Built 1883
Architect Joaquin Miller
Architectural style Vernacular
Part of Rock Creek Park Historic District (#91001524[1])
Designated CP October 23, 1991

The Joaquin Miller Cabin is an historic structure situated in Washington, DC's Rock Creek Park. Built by the American poet, essayist and fabulist Joaquin Miller, it represents the only known example of late 19th century Rustic-style log cabin in Washington, D.C.[2] It is a Classified Structure within Rock Creek Park.[3]

History[edit]

Miller Cabin at Meridan Hill

In 1883, Joaquin Miller (1837–1913) moved to Washington, DC to get involved in politics. He built the cabin near the intersection of 16th and Belmont Streets, NW across from present day Meridian Hill Park to find rustic peace and "find his muse".[4] Miller is known to have occupied the cabin from 1883 to late 1885 when he left for California.[5]

In 1911, the area near Meridian Hill Park was being developed and Henry White, the former ambassador to France, was building an estate on land that included the cabin.[6] The state of California and the Columbia Historical Society sought to save the structure from demolition and have it moved to Rock Creek Park. The board of the National Park Service refused the request but Senator John D. Works, and Joseph R. Knowland of California successfully intervened to force the Park Service to move the cabin to its present location near the east bank of Rock Creek one half mile north of Military Road.[7]

In acquiescing to the public campaign to save the cabin the Board of Control for the Park insisted that they be allowed to use the cabin as a shelter and reserved the right to remove the cabin at any time.[8] The cabin was initially used as a shelter and dedicated on June 2, 1912 with ceremonies featuring members of California's congressional delegation and Senator Weldon B. Heyburn of Idaho.[9]

Dedication of Miller Cabin, 1912

Dedication of Miller Cabin, June 12, 1912
Library of Congress

In 1931, the cabin was leased to the poet's niece, Pherne Miller, who sold beverages and food and conducted art classes in the cabin until the mid-1950s.[10]

Architecture[edit]

The Joaquin Miller Cabin is an example of vernacular architecture and a rare log cabin structure in the Nation's Capital. The exterior of the L-shaped cabin was constructed of split logs and chinking with a fieldstone fireplace at the center of the cabin. The cabin was painstakingly deconstructed and moved in 1911.[2]

Miller Cabin Series[edit]

Since 1973 the cabin has played host to the oldest continuous reading series in Washington through the Miller Cabin Poetry Series run by nonprofit literary and educational organization Word Works. In 1978 the series was held inside the cabin, until they outgrew the space. The readings are now held outdoors. The series has been documented in two anthologies of the participating poets, Whose Woods These Are and Cabin Fever: Poets at Miller's Cabin.[11] Sample poems in the Miller Cabin series include The Three Laughers of Tiger Ravine by David Wolinsky.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved March 29, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/rocr1/hrs.pdf Rock Creek Park: Historic Resource Study, By William Bushong (1990), United States Department of the Interior/National Park Service, page 170–171.
  3. ^ "Rock Creek Park; Miller Cabin", List of Classified Structures, National Park Service
  4. ^ Whose Woods These Are, Edited by Karren Lalonde Alenier, Word Works, 1983, preface
  5. ^ http://www.nps.gov/mehi/historyculture/places.htm Meridian Hill Park, Points of Interest, National Park Service site
  6. ^ https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost_historical/access/255856802.html?dids=255856802:255856802&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&date=Feb+13%2C+1910&author=&pub=The+Washington+Post++(1877&edition=&startpage=E1&desc=TO+RAZE+POET%27S+CABIN The Washington Post, February 13, 1910
  7. ^ "Move Joaquin Miller Cabin". The New York Times. July 2, 1911. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  8. ^ https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost_historical/access/242649702.html?dids=242649702:242649702&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&date=Jun+15%2C+1911&author=&pub=The+Washington+Post++(1877&edition=&startpage=2&desc=SITE+FOR+POET%27S+CABIN The Washington Post, June 15, 1911, page 2
  9. ^ https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost_historical/access/242894802.html?dids=242894802:242894802&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&date=Jun+3%2C+1912&author=&pub=The+Washington+Post++(1877&edition=&startpage=12&desc=PAY+TRIBUTE+TO+POET The Washington Post, June 3, 1912, page 12
  10. ^ http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/rocr/adhi2d.htm Rock Creek Park Administrative History
  11. ^ http://www.wordworksdc.com/miller_cabin.html Word Works' Miller Cabin Series page