Joaquín Ramón Martínez Sabina
12 February 1949
|Origin||Úbeda, Jaén, Spain|
|Genres||Latin, rock, trova|
He has released fourteen studio albums, two live albums, and three compilation albums.
He performed both solo and with a group for his live albums, performing with Javier Krahe and Alberto Pérez in La mandrágora, the group Viceversa in a 1986 concert, and with Joan Manuel Serrat in Dos pájaros de un tiro (Two birds with one stone).
Sabina suffered a stroke in 2001 and although he physically recovered, he entered a deep depression which resulted in a four-year-long concert hiatus. He recovered and released his eighteenth album, Alivio de Luto, in November 2005 and in 2009 he released his album, Vinagre y rosas. In 2012 he released his latest album in collaboration with Joan Manuel Serrat: La Orquesta Del Titanic.
Biography and career
Joaquín Sabina was born in Úbeda, in the Province of Jaén. He is the second son of Adela Sabina del Campo and Jerónimo Martínez Gallego. His father was a policeman. He attended a Carmelite primary school and he started writing his first poems and composing music at the age of 14. He was part of a band called Merry Youngs which imitated singers such as Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry and Little Richard, as well as many others.
He attended a high school run by the Salesians of Don Bosco and during this period he began reading works by Fray Luis de León, Jorge Manrique, José Hierro, Marcel Proust, James Joyce and Herbert Marcuse.
After completing high school, his father wanted him to follow in his footsteps and become a police officer but he refused, saying that he preferred the guitar. In his song "La del pirata cojo" he says he fantasizes about living different lives, but he would not even joke about becoming a police officer.
A refugee in London
He then enrolled in the University of Granada, reading philology in the faculty. There, he read the poetry of Pablo Neruda and César Vallejo. Sabina lived at first with a woman called Lesley and started to prepare his thesis.
His revolutionary ideology led him to be related to the anti-fascist groups. In 1970, he began collaborating with the magazine Poesía 70, sharing pages with Carlos Cano and Luis Eduardo Aute, he then left the university, going into exile in London using a fake passport under the name Mariano Zugasti, to avoid persecution from Francisco Franco's government after throwing a Molotov cocktail into a government building. That same year, his father received an order to arrest Sabina due to his anti-Franco ideals.
In 1975, Sabina started writing songs and singing at local bars. In a local bar called "Mexicano-Taverna" Sabina performed in the presence of George Harrison, who was celebrating his birthday. The ex-Beatle then gave Sabina a five-pound note as tip, which Sabina still preserves to this day. When Franco's dictatorship ended in 1975, Sabina returned to Spain and joined the army but, feeling imprisoned, he got married in order to be able to sleep outside the barracks.
After the return
Sabina's first album, Inventario (Inventory) was released in 1978 by a small label Movieplay. He describes this album "as his own version of death metal", but the album largely went unnoticed. Afterwards, he moved to the powerful CBS (today Sony) and released Malas compañías (Bad Companies). This album gave Sabina his first number-one hit single "Pongamos que hablo de Madrid" (Let's say I'm talking about Madrid), and the artist attained wide recognition. He released a live album called La mandrágora (The Mandrake), sharing the spotlight with bandmates Javier Krahe and Alberto Pérez. The trio enjoyed great popularity due to their participation in a TV program. La Mandrágora was controversial due to the racy and political content of the lyrics.
Sabina released his third album Ruleta Rusa (Russian Roulette) in 1984. In this album the singer evolved from the typical singer-songwriter style to Rock music with a harder sound and with presence of new instruments such as electric guitars. One of the most popular songs of this album was "Pisa el acelerador" (Step on the accelerator), which was the first maxi single of this album.
In 1985 Sabina left CBS and released, this time under Ariola, Juez y Parte (Judge and Side) his fourth studio album in which he teamed up with the band Viceversa, which was led by Pancho Varona, who would turn into one of his closest friends and producer of many of Sabina's future albums. In this release, which shows a more modern production with the use of synthesisers and keyboards, it was included another popular song entitled "Princesa" (Princess), arguably the most popular one of this release.
His political views led him to take part in the anti-NATO movement. He later released Joaquín Sabina y Viceversa en directo, his first live album, which turned definitely into his commercial breakthrough. This album which was recorded in the Salamanca theatre in Madrid, the singer collaborated with other singers such as Javier Krahe, Javier Gurruchaga, and Luis Eduardo Aute amongst others.
In 1987 Sabina released his fifth studio album, Hotel, Dulce Hotel (Hotel, Sweet Hotel), which sold a large number of records in Spain (400.000 copies). One of the most popular songs of this record was the track "Así estoy yo sin ti" (That's how I am without you) for which was released a promotional video, the first one of his musical career. That success led to his next album El Hombre del Traje Gris (The Man in the Gray Suit), in which he would count with Antonio García de Diego, a new collaborator and also another of his fellow friends. After releasing this album, Sabina undertook a successful tour in Latin America. This record was followed by the release of Mentiras Piadosas (Pious Lies) in 1990.
Two years later, in 1992, the performer reached a new sales record with the release of Física y Química (Physics and Chemistry), which sold more than one million copies mainly thanks to the smash hit "Y nos dieron las diez" (We went on till ten o'clock) a song with strong Mexican traditional flavour that tells the story of a summer affair. This song received such a warm welcome that has been covered by many Latin American singers. The unprecedented success led the singer to another successful tour to the Americas.
His later albums Esta boca es mía (This Mouth is Mine), Yo, mi, me, contigo (I, my, me, with you) and 19 Días y 500 Noches (19 Days and 500 Nights), won him wider recognition and multiple platinum albums.
After recovering from a stroke, he returned to the stage in 2002 with Dímelo en la Calle (Tell me on the Street or Dare to say that outside). He later released a double album called Diario de un peatón (A Pedestrian's Diary), which included both his previous album and 12 new songs, along with a book illustrated by him.
In 2005 Sabina released a new record Alivio de luto (Relief from Mourning ). The album release was accompanied by a DVD that includes interviews, music videos, acoustic versions of the songs, and home-made recordings.
In 2007, he went on tour with Spanish singer Joan Manuel Serrat, called Dos Pájaros de un Tiro (Two birds with one stone) and they recorded a CD of this tour, which includes the DVD of the concert and a documentary.
In 2009, he received the prize of the city of Madrid from the mayor Alberto Ruiz Gallardón, who said that he was one of the most important people who had given a good image to the city. That year, he published his 15th studio album, Vinagre y Rosas (Vinegar and Roses), an album in which he collaborated with his producers Pancho Varona and Antonio García de Diego, and with the band Pereza. The first single from the album was the song "Tiramisu de limón" ("Lemon Tiramisu"), sung with Ruben and Leiva, the members of Pereza. For the promotional video, he collaborated with the actress and singer Mónica Molina. Finally the album was released on December 14, entering directly at the top of the Spanish album chart.
- Inventario (Inventory) (1978)
- Malas compañías (Bad Companies) (1980)
- Ruleta rusa (Russian Roulette) (1984)
- Juez y parte (1985) (Judge And Side), with Viceversa.
- Hotel, dulce hotel (Hotel, Sweet Hotel) (1987)
- El hombre del traje gris (The Man in the Gray Suit) (1988)
- Mentiras piadosas (Pious Lies) (1990)
- Física y Química (Physics and Chemistry) (1992)
- Esta boca es mía (This Mouth is Mine) (1994)
- Yo, mi, me, contigo (I, my, me, with you) (1996)
- Enemigos íntimos (Intimate Enemies) (1998), with Fito Páez.
- 19 días y 500 noches (19 Days and 500 Nights) (1999)
- Dímelo en la calle (Tell me on the Street) (2002)
- Diario de un peatón (Diary of a Pedestrian) (2003)
- Alivio de luto (Mourning Relief) (2005)
- Vinagre y rosas (Vinegar and Roses) (2009)
- La orquesta del Titanic (The Titanic's Orchestra) (2012), with Joan Manuel Serrat
- Lo niego todo (I Deny Everything) (2017)
- La mandrágora (Album) (The Mandrake) (1981)
- Joaquín Sabina y Viceversa en directo (Joaquín Sabina and Viceversa live) (1986)
- Nos sobran los motivos (We have more than enough reasons, also a pun on We don't have enough reasons) (2000)
- Dos pájaros de un tiro (Two Birds With One Stone) (2007), with Joan Manuel Serrat
- Punto... (Period...1980-1990) (2006)
- ...Y seguido (...And Followed 1990-2005) (2006)
- Dónde más duele (Where it hurts the most) (2002), Cover album of María Jimenez with Sabina's songs.
- Entre todas las mujeres (Between all women) (2003) Cover album of Sabina's songs sung by 12 female artists.
- La Habana canta a Sabina (Habana sings to Sabina) (2011) Cover album of Sabina's songs sung by Cuban artists.
- Más de cien mentiras. El musical (More than one hundred lies) (2011) Cover album of Sabina's songs sung in the homonymous musical.
- Memorias del exilio (Memories from the exile) (1976).
- De lo contado y sus márgenes (About what has been told and its borders) (1986).
- El hombre del traje gris (Partitures of the 8th album) (1989).
- Perdonen la tristeza (Excuse me for my sadness) (2000). Written by Joaquín Sabina and Javier Mendez Flores.
- Ciento volando de catorce (A hundred of fourteen in the bush) (2001).
- Con buena letra (With a good handwriting) (2002). Compilation of lyrics.
- Esta boca es mía (This mouth is mine) (2005). Compilation of satirical poems published in the weekly magazine Interviú.
- Con buena letra II (With a good handwriting II) (2005). Compilation of lyrics.
- Sabina en carne viva, yo también se jugarme la boca (2006). Written by Joaquín Sabina and Javier Mendez Flores.
- Esta boca sigue siendo mía (This mouth is still mine) (2007). Compilation of satirical poems published in the weekly magazine Interviú.
- A vuelta de correo (By return mail) (2007). Compilation of the correspondence between Joaquín Sabina and other personalities.
- Prologue for the book "Versos bipolares y otras criaturas luminiscentes", Estefanía Muñiz (2009).
- Con buena letra III (With a good handwriting III) (2010).
- El grito en el suelo (The scream on the ground) (2012). Compilation of poems released by the newspaper Público.
- Muy personal (Very personal) (2013). Compilation of drawings, started poems and unfinished songs.
- Garagatos (2016). Art book of paintings and drawings.
Awards and achievements
- Medal of Andalusia (1989).
- Ondas Award for the best Spanish artist (1999).
- Ondas Award for the best song: 19 días y 500 noches (1999).
- Golden medal for the merit of Fine Arts (2000).
- Golden medal of the city of Madrid (2009).
- Favourite son medal of Úbeda (2017).
- Clarin.com. ""Este disco es la crónica de una depresión"". www.clarin.com.
- "Biografia Joaquin Sabina" [Biography of Joaquin Sabina]. Guitarra.net (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2001-08-17. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
- "Pongamos que hablo de Madrid". 26 October 2005.
- "Joaquín Sabina - Pisa El Acelerador". Discogs (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-05-13.
- "Juez y parte (1985) – Diario Sabina". Diario Sabina (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-05-13.
- "Hotel, dulce hotel (1987) – Diario Sabina". Diario Sabina (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-05-15.
- joaquinsabinaVEVO (2016-12-16), Joaquin Sabina - Asi Estoy Yo Sin Ti (Videoclip), retrieved 2018-05-15
- "Con más de un millón de copias vendidas se convirtió en su cúspide comercial. ¿Existe alguna persona en este país que no haya escuchado nunca Y nos dieron las diez?".
- Joaquin Sabina - Y Nos Dieron las Diez (Video), retrieved 2018-05-15
- "Contigo". 5 November 2005.
- LOS40 (17 March 2006). "Joaquín Sabina: "Por las drogas sólo siento nostalgia"".
- "CD + DVD de la Gira de Serrat y Sabina: Dos pájaros de un tiro". 14 November 2007.
- Press, Europa (5 March 2009). "José Tomás, Sabina, Raúl y Paloma O'Shea recibirán la Medalla de Oro de Madrid el día de San Isidro".
- Press, Europa (8 January 2010). "El top ten de ventas cierra 2009 inamovible".
- "Joaquín Sabina (1989)". Memoranda | Archivo CanalSur (in Spanish). 2017-01-12. Retrieved 2018-06-18.
- "Joaquín Sabina fue galardonado como mejor artista español. Sabina acababa de presentar en septiembre su álbum "19 días y 500 noches", álbum que le convirtió en el artista más vendido de todos los tiempos".
- Córdoba, Diario. "Conceden a Joaquín Sabina la Medalla de Oro de Madrid". Diario Córdoba (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-18.
- Press, Europa (2017-07-09). "La Medalla de Oro de Úbeda despierta el "ubetensismo militante" de Joaquín Sabina". europapress.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-18.