Jocelyn Benson

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Jocelyn Benson
Secretary Jocelyn Benson.jpg
43rd Secretary of State of Michigan
Assumed office
January 1, 2019
GovernorGretchen Whitmer
Preceded byRuth Johnson
Dean of the
Wayne State University Law School
In office
December 2012 – September 2016
Preceded byRobert Ackerman
Succeeded byRichard Bierschbach
Personal details
Born (1977-10-22) October 22, 1977 (age 45)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseRyan Friedrichs
Children1
EducationWellesley College (BA)
Magdalen College, Oxford (MA)
Harvard University (JD)
WebsiteGovernment website

Jocelyn F. Benson (born October 22, 1977) is an American activist, politician, and former academic administrator. She is the 43rd Secretary of State of Michigan. Benson is a former dean of Wayne State University Law School, a co-founder of the Military Spouses of Michigan, and a board member of the Ross Initiative in Sports for Equality. She is the author of State Secretaries of State: Guardians of the Democratic Process (2010).

In 2018, Benson was elected Secretary of State by an 8.9 percentage point margin, defeating Republican Mary Treder Lang and becoming the first Democrat to hold the office since Richard H. Austin left office in 1995. She was reelected in 2022, defeating Republican Kristina Karamo by 14 percentage points, the largest margin and vote share of any statewide candidate that year.

Education and career[edit]

Benson graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College in 1999, where she founded the now-annual Women in American Political Activism conference and was the first student to be elected to serve in the governing body for the town of Wellesley, Massachusetts. She subsequently earned her master's in sociology as a Marshall Scholar at Magdalen College, Oxford, conducting research into the sociological implications of white supremacy and neo-Nazism.

Prior to attending law school, Benson also lived in Montgomery, Alabama, where she worked for the Southern Poverty Law Center as an investigative journalist, researching white supremacist and neo-Nazi organizations. Benson has also worked as a summer associate for voting rights and election law for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, and as a legal assistant to Nina Totenberg at National Public Radio.[1][2][3]

Benson received her JD from Harvard Law School, where she was a general editor of the Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review.[4][5] From 2002–2004, she served as the Voting Rights Policy Coordinator of the Harvard Civil Rights Project, a non-profit organization that sought to link academic research to civil rights advocacy efforts,[5] where she worked on the passage of the federal Help America Vote Act.

Upon graduation from Harvard Law, Benson moved to Detroit to serve as a law clerk to the Honorable Damon J. Keith on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.[6][7]

Wayne Law[edit]

Benson was appointed dean of Wayne State Law School in December 2012 at the age of 35, becoming the youngest woman to lead a top 100 law school in United States history.[8]

As dean she established two "marquee" programs: the Levin Center at Wayne Law,[9] chaired by former United States Senator Carl Levin (D-MI), and the Program on Entrepreneurship and Business Law,[10] which helps aspiring business professionals in underserved communities participate in the economic revival of Detroit.

Prior to being appointed Dean in 2012, Benson was the Associate Director of the Damon J. Keith Center for Civil Rights, where she started the Michigan Allies Project, an effort designed to track hate incidents throughout Michigan and provide legal support for victims.[11]

The Ross Initiative in Sports for Equality[edit]

From 2016–2018 Benson served as CEO of the Ross Initiative in Sports for Equality (RISE),[12] where she led a coalition of all major sports leagues to empower athletes to advance equality. One of her major initiatives as CEO of RISE was to launch RISE, to "racial discrimination, champion social justice and improve race relations".

Military Spouses of Michigan[edit]

In 2012, Benson joined with three military spouses and family members in Michigan to create Military Spouses of Michigan, a network dedicated to providing support and services to military family members and veterans in Michigan. In January 2013, the group was selected to represent the state of Michigan in the Presidential Inaugural Parade, the only group of military spouses to receive that honor.[13]

Civics education and election law[edit]

In 2011, Benson was selected to serve with retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor on the national board of directors of iCivics, Inc., a nonprofit created by Justice O'Connor to improve civics education throughout the country.[14] In addition to serving as an appointed member of the American Bar Association's Standing Committee on Election Law,[5] she is also the founder and current director of the Michigan Center for Election Law, which hosts projects that support transparency and integrity in elections. In 2011, the center hosted Michigan's first "Citizens' Redistricting Competition",[15] providing an opportunity for Michigan citizens to access software and draw their own redistricting maps for the state.[16]

Benson developed and supervised three statewide nonpartisan election protection efforts in Michigan in 2007, 2008 and 2012.[5] During the 2008 election, she was called to testify before the U.S. House Judiciary Committee,[17] where she called on Secretary Terri Lynn Land to ban the use of foreclosure lists to challenge voters' eligibility on Election Day.[18] She is a frequent commentator on voting rights and election law on local news and radio broadcasts.[19][20][21]

In 2007, Benson worked with several groups to successfully keep a Secretary of State branch office open in Buena Vista Township, Michigan. The U.S. Department of Justice, under then-President George W. Bush, concluded that the closure of the office would violate the Voting Rights Act.[22]

Secretary of State[edit]

In March 2010, Benson published her first book, State Secretaries of State: Guardians of the Democratic Process. The book highlights best practices of secretaries of state from throughout the country and seeks to inform voters about how secretaries of state from either side of the political spectrum can work to advance democracy and election reform.[23] After working with secretaries of state from around the country while researching the book, she was inspired to run for the office in her resident state of Michigan.[24]

On October 27, 2017, Benson announced her candidacy for Michigan Secretary of State. She was elected on November 6, 2018, defeating Republican Mary Treder Lang, becoming the first Democrat to serve since Richard Austin left office in 1995.[25]

During Benson's administration, some controversies occurred over the Michigan Bureau of Elections' guidance to clerks regarding signature matching on absentee ballots in advance of the 2020 presidential election, which stated – as in previous elections – that signature review should begin with the presumption that the signature is the voter's valid signature, and should be rejected if it differs in clear and obvious respects to the signature on file. (Michigan law requires clerks to match required signatures on absentee ballot applications and absentee ballot envelopes with the voter signature on file to ensure the person submitting the ballot is the same one registered to vote in Michigan.)[26]

In March 2021, State Court of Claims Judge Christopher M. Murray ruled that in order to be binding on clerks, the Bureau of Elections should issue signature-matching instructions as an administrative rule (which the Bureau is now in the process of doing). Judge Murray stated "the mandatory presumption goes well beyond the realm of mere advice and direction." The court found the content of Benson's instructions violated election law, and clerks should not refer to it.[27]

Personal life[edit]

A long-distance runner, Benson averages two full marathons per year. She has completed twenty-three full marathons since 2005,[28] including races in New York City, Honolulu, San Francisco, Washington DC, Florence, Venice, Chicago and Philadelphia. She completed her 18th marathon representing Team Red White and Blue in Rome, Italy. In 2016 she completed her second Boston Marathon and became one of a handful of women in history to complete the Boston Marathon while more than eight months pregnant.[29] She is married to Ryan Friedrichs, Chief Development Officer for the City of Detroit, and has one son.[30]

Awards[edit]

Crain's Detroit Business named her one of Michigan's "Most Influential Women" in 2016[31] and in October 2015, she became one of the youngest women in the state's history to be inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame, second only to Serena Williams.[32] In 2022, Benson was named as one of five recipients of the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award for her efforts to protect democracy.[33] On January 6, 2023, Benson was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal by President Joe Biden, for her "undaunted and unflinching" work in performing "exemplary public service to advance free and fair elections."[34]

Electoral history[edit]

2010 Michigan Secretary of State election[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Ruth Johnson 1,608,270 50.68% -5.55%
Democratic Jocelyn Benson 1,434,796 45.22% +3.26%
Libertarian Scotty Boman 58,044 1.83% N/A
Constitution Robert Gale 41,727 1.17% N/A
Green John A. La Pietra 30,411 0.96% -0.93%
Total votes 3,173,248 100.0% N/A
Republican hold
2018 Michigan Secretary of State election[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jocelyn Benson 2,203,611 52.87% +9.93%
Republican Mary Treder Lang 1,833,609 44.00% -9.53%
Libertarian Gregory Stempfle 81,697 1.96% -0.02%
Constitution Robert Gale 48,724 1.17% +0.05%
Total votes 4,162,389 100.0% N/A
Democratic gain from Republican
2022 Michigan Secretary of State election[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jocelyn Benson (incumbent) 2,467,859 55.86% +2.96%
Republican Kristina Karamo 1,852,510 41.93% −2.05%
Libertarian Gregory Scott Stempfle 52,982 1.20% −0.76%
Constitution Christine Schwartz 27,937 0.63% −0.54%
Green Larry James Hutchinson Jr. 16,615 0.38% N/A
Total votes 4,417,903 100.0% N/A
Democratic hold

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jocelyn Benson". Ballotpedia. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  2. ^ Wayne State University (June 12, 2014). "Jocelyn Benson appointed Wayne Law's 11th dean - Law School - Wayne State University". Law.wayne.edu. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  3. ^ "Wayne State Names New Dean of Law School - DBusiness Magazine". Dbusiness.com. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  4. ^ "Archive". Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review. Archived from the original on August 6, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "Wayne State University Law School Bio for Jocelyn F. Benson". Law.wayne.edu. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  6. ^ Wayne State University (July 23, 2019). "Wayne Law remembers Judge Damon J. Keith - Law School - Wayne State University". Law.wayne.edu. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  7. ^ "Jocelyn Benson - Michigan Women Forward". Miwf.org. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  8. ^ Vassallo, Jim (June 13, 2014). "Wayne State Law School Names Jocelyn Benson Dean". JDJournal. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  9. ^ "Levin Center at Wayne Law". Levin Center. March 6, 2020. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  10. ^ Wayne Law PEBL Program Archived October 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Contributor Biography". www.icle.org. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  12. ^ "Benson drew salary from RISE while seeking office". Crain's Detroit Business. March 17, 2019. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  13. ^ "Military spouses march in today's inaugural parade", michiganradio.org. Accessed November 6, 2022.
  14. ^ "About". iCivics. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  15. ^ About the 2011 Michigan Citizen's Redistricting Competition at michiganredistricting.org
  16. ^ Gregory Korte. Technology allows citizens to be part of redistricting process. USA Today. March 21, 2011
  17. ^ Wayne Law Professor Benson Invited to Testify Before U.S. Congress Wayne State University - News and Announcements Archive
  18. ^ Shawn Wright, Law professor announces bid for state office The South End, March 3, 2009
  19. ^ Pennsylvania Inside Out: Voting Rights WPSU TV, originally aired on March 16, 2008
  20. ^ Weekly Edition #3839 Archived June 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Off the Record, WKAR Public Broadcasting, originally aired March 27, 2009
  21. ^ Jocelyn F. Benson Never turn away a voter Detroit Free Press February 23, 2009
  22. ^ U.S. Department of Justice rules with NAACP to prevent closure of local Secretary of State office Michigan Chronicle Online, January 2, 2008
  23. ^ Benson, Ms Jocelyn F. (February 28, 2013). State Secretaries of State: Guardians of the Democratic Process. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-1-4094-9699-1.
  24. ^ Posted on Fri, Sep 17, 2010 : 6:04 a.m. (September 17, 2010). "Secretary of state candidate Jocelyn Benson calls on help from University of Michigan students". Annarbor.com. Retrieved February 4, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  25. ^ "2018 Michigan Official General Election Results - 11/06/2018". mielections.us. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  26. ^ "Judge rules Secretary of State Benson's Ballot signature verification invalid - 03/15/2021". thedetroitnews.com. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
  27. ^ "Fact Checks". michigan.gov. Retrieved September 26, 2022.
  28. ^ "Meet Jocelyn". Jocelyn Benson for Secretary of State. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
  29. ^ "Wayne Law Dean Completes Boston Marathon While Pregnant". Detroit News. April 18, 2016. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
  30. ^ "Youth Policy Lab - University of Michigan". youthpolicylab.umich.edu. University of Michigan. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  31. ^ "Most Influential Women 2016," http://www.crainsdetroit.com/awards/mostinfluentialwomen/2016 Archived August 23, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ "Wayne Law Dean inducted into Michigan Women's Hall of Fame," http://law.wayne.edu/news.php?id=17695 Archived June 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ Egan, Paul. ""Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson honored with JFK Profile in Courage award"". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  34. ^ https://www.mlive.com/public-interest/2023/01/a-true-leader-michigan-sos-jocelyn-benson-receives-presidential-medal.html
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  36. ^ "2018 Michigan Official General Election Results - 11/06/2018".
  37. ^ "2022 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Election Results.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Michigan Secretary of State
2010
Succeeded by
Godfrey Dillard
Preceded by
Godfrey Dillard
Democratic nominee for Michigan Secretary of State
2018, 2022
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by Secretary of State of Michigan
2019–present
Incumbent