Jocelyn Toynbee

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Jocelyn Mary Catherine Toynbee (3 March 1897, Paddington, London – 31 December 1985, Oxford[1]) was an English archaeologist and art historian. "In the mid-twentieth century she was the leading British scholar in Roman artistic studies and one of the recognized authorities in this field in the world."[1]


Jocelyn Toynbee was the daughter of Harry Valpy Toynbee, secretary of the Charity Organization Society, and his wife Sarah Edith Marshall (1859–1939); her brother Arnold J. Toynbee was a notable universal historian.

Toynbee was educated at Winchester High School for Girls and (like her mother) at Newnham College, Cambridge, where she achieved a First in the Classical Tripos.

She was tutor in classics at St Hugh's College, Oxford (1921–24), lecturer in classics at Reading University, and from 1927 fellow and director of studies in classics at Newnham. In 1931 she was appointed lecturer in classics at Cambridge before becoming the fourth Laurence Professor of Classical Archaeology (1951–1962).[2] She was awarded the medal of the Royal Numismatic Society in 1948.[3] She was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1973.[4]


  • The Hadrianic school: a chapter in the history of Greek art, 1934
  • Roman Medallions, 1944
  • Some Notes on Artists in the Roman World, Brussels, 1951
  • The Ara Pacis Reconsidered, Proc. Brit. Acad. ,1953
  • (with J.B. Ward-Perkins) The Shrine of St Peter and the Vatican Excavations, 1956
  • The Flavian Reliefs from the Palazzo delle Cancellaria in Rome, 1957
  • Art in Roman Britain, 1962
  • Art in Britain under the Romans, 1964
  • The Art of the Romans, 1965
  • Death and Burial in the Roman World, 1971
  • Animals in Roman Life and Art, 1973
  • The Roman Art Treasures from The Temple of Mithras 1986


  1. ^ a b Malcolm Todd, ‘Toynbee, Jocelyn Mary Catherine (1897–1985)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 4 July 2008
  2. ^ Cambridge University Alumni
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter T" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Arnold Walter Lawrence
Laurence Professor of Classical Archaeology Cambridge University
1951 - 1962
Succeeded by
Robert Manuel Cook