|Joseph M. Darby|
|Born||1979 (age 38–39)|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1998 - 2005|
|Unit||372nd Military Police Company|
|Battles/wars||Operation Iraqi Freedom|
Sergeant Joseph M. Darby (born c. 1979) is a former U.S. Army Reservist known as the whistleblower in the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse scandal. Darby is a graduate of North Star High School, near his hometown at the time, Jenners, Pennsylvania.
Disclosure of abuses at Abu Ghraib
In January 2004, Darby provided two CD-ROMs of photographs to Special Agent Tyler Pieron of the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command, who was stationed at Abu Ghraib Prison, triggering an investigation that led to the implication of several soldiers violating the Geneva Convention. Darby initially wanted to remain anonymous, and had been assured of anonymity — he and those implicated all served in the 372nd Military Police Company, but became known when The New Yorker published his name and when later Donald Rumsfeld named him during a Senate hearing. Darby had agonized for a month beforehand, but finally decided to blow the whistle on his former friends explaining: "It violated everything I personally believed in and all I'd been taught about the rules of war." He had known Lynndie England, one of the most well-known suspects, since Basic Training. He testified that he had received the photos from Charles Graner, another soldier in the photographs.
The disclosure was not received well by the community in which Darby and his wife, Bernadette, were living in Maryland. They have been shunned by friends and neighbors, their property has been vandalized, and they now reside in protective military custody at an undisclosed location. Bernadette said, "We did not receive the response I thought we would. People were, they were mean, saying he was a walking dead man, he was walking around with a bull's-eye on his head. It was scary."
On May 7, 2004, Darby was profiled as the "Person of the Week" by anchor Peter Jennings on ABC's World News Tonight, and in December 2004, he was selected as one of three ABC News "People of the Year". He was profiled and interviewed by Anderson Cooper on the December 10, 2006, broadcast of 60 Minutes (the segment was aired again on June 24, 2007).
Darby also received a personal letter from Donald Rumsfeld, asking him to stop talking about how his identity had been disclosed by Rumsfeld despite receiving assurances of anonymity from military command.
- Haditha massacre
- Con Son Island prison#"Tiger cages" (Vietnam War)
- Ronald Ridenhour (alerted authorities to My Lai Massacre)
- "One Soldier's Unlikely Act; Family Fears for Man Who Reported Iraqi Prisoner Abuse" Washington Post. May 6, 2004.
- Am I a Torturer? (Mother Jones)
- "When Joseph Comes Marching Home". The Washington Post. May 17, 2004. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- unbossed.com » Thank You, Joseph Darby
- Reality check - ABC News, 16 August 2004
- "Praise For Iraq Whistleblower". CBS News. May 10, 2004.
- Dawn Bryan (August 5, 2007). "The Abu Ghraib whistleblower's ordeal". BBC News. Retrieved August 5, 2007.
- "Joseph Darby - JFK Presidential Library & Museum". Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Acceptance speech by Sergeant Joseph Darby. 2005 Profile in Courage Award, John F. Kennedy Library Foundation.
- Beliefnet.com - Most Inspiring Person of 2004
- Photos and letters of support for Joseph Darby (also includes correspondence from Darby)
- ABC News - Person of the Week Story - May 7, 2004
- Washington Post - When Joseph Comes Marching Home - May 16, 2004
- 60 Minutes - Exposing the Truth of Abu Ghraib
- GQ - Prisoner of Conscience, interview of Joseph Darby
- NPR - Abu Ghraib Whistleblower Speaks Out
- BBC News - The Abu Ghraib whistleblower's ordeal