Joseph Seraphim Fortes
Joe Fortes in Vancouver, 1910
|Died||February 4, 1922 (aged 58)|
|Years active||late 19th century to 1922|
Joe Fortes was born in Port of Spain, Trinidad in 1863. After leaving his homeland in his mid-teens, he worked in Britain for several years. In 1884 he sailed around Cape Horn from Liverpool on the Robert Kerr, arriving in Burrard Inlet in September 1885. His name occurs repeatedly in the ship's log as Seraphim Fortes.
Arrival in Vancouver
Mr. Fortes wandered into the Granville townsite and found work as a shoeblack. He was soon employed by the Sunnyside Hotel as a porter and roustabout. As the fledgling city burned to the ground in what would be known as the Great Fire, the young man escorted a married woman and her son to safety aboard his old ship, anchored in the harbour. He also salvaged much of the hotel guests' luggage before the building was consumed.
Making his home at English Bay, he lived in a tent on the beach during the milder months of the year. After the start of the 20th century, he moved into a cottage at the foot of Bidwell Street on the shore-side of Beach Avenue. His little house was later moved to the other side of the street, just east of Alexandra Park.
Lifeguarding in English Bay
Joe Fortes devoted all of his free time to teaching children to swim and to patrolling the beach. In 1898, he rescued J.C. McCook, the newly appointed American consul for the Klondike gold rush town of Dawson City, who suffered an attack in the water while visiting the city. The self-appointed unpaid guard continued to support himself by working odd jobs until, in 1900, the City appointed him its first official lifeguard.
His contemporaries referred to him respectfully and lovingly as "Old Black Joe" or "English Bay Joe". The stocky, dark-skinned man was a friend and teacher to the children, a guard for the bathers and a hero to people in distress. He has been officially credited with saving 29 lives, yet it is believed that the real number is considerably higher.
In 1910 the City honoured Joe Fortes for his many years of service to the public by presenting him with a gold watch, a cheque and an illuminated address.
When Joe Fortes died on February 4, 1922, Vancouver held a record-breaking funeral procession for him. Mourners crowded into Holy Rosary Cathedral to bid farewell to a brave, kind and modest friend. Mounted police in dress uniform led the way to Mountain View Cemetery followed by the mayor and city councillors, as well as the police commission, the school board and the park board. A flat stone marks his grave, simply inscribed: "JOE".
In June 1927 the citizens of Vancouver dedicated a monument to Joe Fortes. The fountain in Alexandra Park by sculptor Charles Marega bears the inscription: LITTLE CHILDREN LOVED HIM.
He is still remembered today. On May 20, 1976, the Joe Fortes Branch of the Vancouver Public Library was dedicated to his name and in 1985, one hundred years after he arrived in Canada, the Joe Fortes Seafood & Chop House restaurant opened.
In 1986, during Vancouver's centennial year, the Vancouver Historical Society named Joseph Seraphim Fortes "Citizen of the Century."
In 2013, Canada Post released a postage stamp of Joe Fortes on February 1 celebrating Black History Month. The stamp's release marks the 150th anniversary of Joe's birth. The stamp was designed by Lara Minja.
- Government of Canada 1901 Census records his name as "Joseph Fortis"
- "Biography – FORTES, JOSEPH SERAPHIM – Volume XV (1921-1930) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- Hawthorn, Tom (8 February 2012). "Black history month a time to remember Joe Fortes". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Our Friend Joe: The Joe Fortes Story". 8 December 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "The History of Metropolitan Vancouver - 1922 Chronology". vancouverhistory.ca. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Joe". Collection page. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- Press Release of Stamp at the Canada Post Website.
- Joe Fortes Branch, Vancouver Public Library
- Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online: Joseph Seraphim Fortes
- Joe Fortes Seafood and Chop House restaurant
- Ronsdale Press » Our Friend Joe: The Joe Fortes Story
- Watch Joe at the National Film Board of Canada website
- News Article of on the release of the Joe Fortes Stamp