February 14, 1855|
|Died: March 11, 1922
Middletown, Orange County, New York
|September 1, 1873, for the Washington Nationals|
|Last MLB appearance|
|April 29, 1891, for the Louisville Colonels|
|Runs batted in||382|
John Joseph "Joe" Gerhardt (February 14, 1855 – March 11, 1922), also known as "Move 'Em Up Joe", was an American professional baseball player whose career spanned from 1873 to 1893. He played 15 seasons in Major League Baseball, primarily as a second baseman, for 11 different major league clubs.
Gerhardt was born in 1855 in Washington, D.C. His father, Joseph Gerhardt, was an immigrant from Prussia who was in the restaurant business and was a Colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War. His mother, Dorah, was an immigrant from the Hesse Cassel, which is now part of Germany.
Gerhardt played five seasons in Louisville, Kentucky, for the Grays (1876–77), Eclipse (1883–84) and Colonels (1891), and five seasons in New York City for the Mutuals (1875), Giants (1885–87), Metropolitans (1887) and Gladiators (1890). Across all 15 major league seasons, he appeared in 1,078 games, 893 as a second baseman, 85 as a third baseman, 63 as a first baseman, and 33 as a shortstop.
Gerhardt was a weak hitter, compiling a .227 career batting average, but he was known as one of the best defensive second baseman of his era. He twice led his league in assists at any position and regularly ranked among the league leaders in putouts. double plays and fielding percentage by a second baseman between 1877 and 1890. His career range factor of 6.46 remains the highest in major league history for a second baseman. He also ranks eighth among all second basemen in major league history with 558 errors at second base. In a 1922 story on Gerhardt, New York sports writer John M. Foster compared Gerhardt to baseball's other great second basemen and concluded: "None had anything on Move Em Up Joe Gerhardt."
Gerhardt's nickname, "Move 'Em Up Joe" came from his war cry, "Move 'em up", which he would shout from the bench or base line when his teammates were on base. Gerhardt was an early advocate of the sacrifice play to move base runners forward. Upon Gerhardt's death, New York sports writer John M. Foster went so far as to call Gerhardt the "original inventor of the sacrifice theory in baseball."
In 1900, Gerhardt was living in Manhattan with his wife Edith and was employed as a hotel manager. By 1910, Gerhardt and his wife had moved to Liberty, New York, where Gerhardt was the proprietor of a liquor retail business. Gerhardt and his wife at that time had a daughter, Alva, living with them.
Gerhardt later lived in Middletown, Orange County, New York. As of 1919, he was employed in N. D. Mills' cigar store. At the time of the 1920 Census, he was living in Middletown with his wife, Edith, and daughter, Alva, and was employed as a salesman in a cigar store.
Gerhardt died from a sudden heart attack in Middletown at age 67. The attack reportedly struck him in front of the Middletown post office as he was walking to work after having been ill for a week. He was buried at Prospect Hill Cemetery in Washington, D.C.
- "Joe Gerhardt's career statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
- Census entry for Joseph and Dorah Gerhardt. Son Joseph, age 15, born in the District of Columbia. Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Washington Ward 3, Washington, District of Columbia; Roll: M593_124; Page: 620B; Image: 363; Family History Library Film: 545623. Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- Nemec, David (2006). The Great Encyclopedia of Nineteenth Century Major League Baseball. Tuscaloosa, Ala.: University of Alabama Press. p. 342. ISBN 9780817314996.
- John M. Foster (March 30, 1922). "No Second Baseman Ever Excelled Joe Gerhardt: One-Time Hero of New York Fandom Died With Hardly a Line of Notice to Fans of Past Who Loved Him". The Sporting News. p. 7.
- "Joe Gerhardt's career statistics". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
- Census entry for Joseph Gerhardt, born February 1855 in Washington, D.C.
- Census entry for Joseph Gerhardt, age 55, born in Washington, D.C. Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Liberty, Sullivan, New York; Roll: T624_1072; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 0159; FHL microfilm: 1375085. Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- "Joe Gerhardt Is Mentioned in Piece of History". Orange County Times-Press. August 27, 1919. p. 5.
- Census entry for Joseph Gerhardt, age 65, born in Washington, D.C. Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Middletown, Orange, New York; Roll: T625_1252; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 121; Image: 446. Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- "Old-Time Giant Is Dead". The Sporting News. March 16, 1922. p. 1.
- "John Joseph "Move Up Joe" Gerhardt". Find A Grave.