Guyon at Georgia Tech c. 1918
|No. 27, 11, 10, 26|
|Date of birth:||November 26, 1892|
|Place of birth:||White Earth, Minnesota|
|Date of death:||November 27, 1971(aged 79)|
|Place of death:||Louisville, Kentucky|
|Height:||5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)|
|Weight:||190 lb (86 kg)|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
Joseph Napoleon "Big Chief" Guyon (Anishinaabe: O-Gee-Chidah, translated as "Big Brave"; November 26, 1892 – November 27, 1971) was an American Indian from the Ojibwa tribe (Chippewa) who was an American football and baseball player and coach. He played college football at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School from 1912 to 1913 and Georgia Institute of Technology from 1917 to 1918 and with a number of professional clubs from 1919 to 1927. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1966 and the College Football Hall of Fame in 1971.
Guyon was born on the White Earth Indian Reservation in White Earth, Minnesota. He received only a sixth-grade education from the American government. Guyon also spent time in Magdalena, New Mexico.
Guyon attended and played college football at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School from 1912 to 1913 under head coach Pop Warner. Sportswriters often tried to call him "Injun Joe" after the character in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, but it never much caught on outside the press.
The 1912 team posted a 12–1–1 record, scored 454 points, and was Jim Thorpe's greatest season. Guyon played on the team as left tackle. In the game against Army featuring the likes of future US President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Leland Devore was ejected for manhandling Guyon.
Guyon then attended and played football at Georgia Tech from 1917 to 1918 under head coach John Heisman.[n 1] Guyon was used mainly as a halfback. His brother Charles "Wahoo" Guyon was the assistant coach. For his time spent playing at Georgia Tech, Guyon was a unanimous selection for an Associated Press Southeast Area All-Time football team 1869-1919 era. Fullback Judy Harlan said about Guyon, "Once in a while the Indian would come out in Joe, such as the nights Heisman gave us a white football and had us working out under the lights. That's when Guyon would give out the blood curdling war whoops."
The 1917 team went 9–0, scored 491 points, was crowned national champion, and was for many years considered "the greatest the South ever produced." Guyon played right halfback, where he was the team's power back and best passer. He was a unanimous All-Southern selection, and considered by some the South's best back. His first run from scrimmage for Tech was a 75-yard touchdown against Wake Forest.
In a 63–0 rout of Washington & Lee, Guyon knocked a Washington & Lee player out of the game by "wearing an old horse collar shaped into a shoulder pad but reinforced with a little steel" according to Judy Harlan.[n 2] Against Vanderbilt University he had arguably his greatest game, running 12 times for 344 yards in an 83–0 blowout. According to sportswriter Morgan Blake, "Guyon has been great in all games this year. But Saturday he was the superman".
Against Tulane, each of the four members of the backfield eclipsed 100 yards rushing. "Strupper, Guyon, Hill, and Harlan form a backfield with no superiors and few equals in football history" wrote the Times-Picayune. He passed for two touchdowns and ran for one, passing 91 yards and running 112: "Guyon's passing was so accurate it suggest possibilities yet undeveloped in the Tech offense". In the large, 68–7 win over Auburn, Guyon once dove at its star Moon Ducote and missed, but Guyon gave chase from behind and tackled him at the 26-yard line.
Guyon signed to play professional football with the Canton Bulldogs in 1919. After the NFL was organized in 1920, he played seven more seasons with the Washington Senators, Cleveland Indians, Oorang Indians, Rock Island Independents, Kansas City Cowboys, and the New York Giants. From 1919 to 1924, he teamed with another outstanding Indian halfback, Jim Thorpe. They parted ways late in the 1924 season when Guyon left the Independents to go to Kansas City. He stayed with the Cowboys in 1925 while Thorpe went to the Giants.
Guyon coached the Bulldogs of Union University in Jackson, Tennessee in 1919. He returned to Union in 1923 and coached all sports from 1923 to 1927. Union inducted Guyon into its sports hall of fame in 2008.
Guyon was also a "minor league baseball star".
Guyon had previously hit over .340 three consecutive years for the Louisville Colonels in the American Association, which at AA, was at the highest classification of the era. His playing career as an outfielder extended from 1920 through 1936 with a break during his college coaching career.
Guyon was the head coach of the Clemson Tigers baseball team at Clemson University from 1928 to 1931. He managed the Anderson Electrics in the Palmetto League in 1931, the Asheville Tourists in 1932, and the Fieldale Towlers in 1936.
- "Joe Guyon's HOF Profile". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
- "Georgia Tech Boasts All-Southern Eleven". Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette. November 20, 1918. p. 6. Retrieved December 17, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Joe Guyon's College HOF Profile". College Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
- C. Richard King. Native Americans in Sports. p. 137.
- Sentinel, Joseph Cress, The. "Carlisle vs. Army: 100 years later, game remembered for celebrity players".
- "All-Time Football Team Lists Greats Of Past, Present". Gadsden Times. July 27, 1969.
- Umphlett 1992, p. 142
- Umphlett 1992, p. 141
- Spalding Football Guide. 1918.
- "Strupper and Guyon of Georgia Tech Are Hailed As Two of the Greatest Pigskin Heroes In Seasons". The Day. November 19, 1917.
- "Jackets Win Double Bill" (PDF). The Technique. October 2, 1917. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2014.
- "Georgia Crushes W. And. L" (PDF). The New York Times. October 21, 1917. p. 3.
- McCarty 1988a, p. 5
- McCarty 1988b, p. 15
- "Golden Tornado Wins Great Victory" (PDF). The Technique. December 4, 1917. p. 4.
- Union University (1920-01-01). Lest We Forget 1920. Student Organizations of Union University.
- "Coach Guyon Leaves Union". Cardinal and Cream. April 8, 1927 – via Union University Archives.
- "Union to induct six into Sports Hall of Fame Nov. 7 - News Release".
- "Blue Print, 1921". 1 January 1921.
- McCarty, Bernie (February 1988). "Georgia Tech's 1917 backfield, better than the Four Horsemen: Part 1" (PDF). College Football Historical Society Newsletter. 1 (3). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04.
- McCarty, Bernie (May 1988). "Georgia Tech's 1917 backfield, better than the Four Horsemen: Part 2" (PDF). College Football Historical Society Newsletter. 1 (4). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04.
- Umphlett, Wiley Lee (1992). Creating the Big Game: John W. Heisman and the Invention of American Football. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-28404-5.