Joe Horn shooting controversy
The Joe Horn shooting controversy refers to the events of November 14, 2007, in Pasadena, Texas, United States, when local resident Joe Horn shot and killed two men burgling his neighbor's home. Publicized recordings of Horn's exchange with emergency dispatch indicate that he was asked repeatedly not to interfere with the burglary because the police would soon be on scene. The shootings have resulted in debate regarding self-defense, Castle Doctrine laws, and Texas laws relating to use of deadly force to prevent or stop property crimes. The illegal alien status of the burglars has been highlighted because of the U.S. border controversy. On June 30, 2008, Joe Horn was cleared by a grand jury in the Pasadena shootings.
Joe Horn, 61, spotted two burglars breaking into his next-door neighbor's home in Pasadena, Texas. He called 911 to summon police to the scene. While on the phone with emergency dispatch, Horn stated that he had the right to use deadly force to defend property, referring to a law (Texas Penal Code §§ 9.41, 9.42, and 9.43) which justified the use of deadly force to protect Horn's home. Horn exited his home with his shotgun, while the 911 operator tried to dissuade him from that action. On the 911 tape, he is heard confronting the suspects, saying, "Move, and you're dead", immediately followed by the sound of a shotgun blast, followed by two more. Following the shootings Mr. Horn told the 911 operator, "They came in the front yard with me, man, I had no choice!"
Police initially identified the dead men in Horn's yard as 38-year-old Miguel Antonio DeJesus and Diego Ortiz, 30, both residents of Houston, and of Afro-Latino descent. However, DeJesus was actually an alias of an individual named Hernando Riascos Torres. Torres and Ortiz were carrying a sack with cash and jewelry taken from the home next door to Joe Horn. Both were criminals from Colombia who had been convicted on drug trafficking charges. Police found a Puerto Rican identification card on Ortiz. Torres had three identification cards from Colombia, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic, and had been previously sent to prison for dealing cocaine. Torres had been deported in 1999.
An unidentified plain clothes police detective responding to the 911 call arrived at the scene before the shooting, and witnessed the escalation and shootings while remaining in his car. His report on the incident indicated that the men who were killed "received gunfire from the rear". Police Capt. A.H. "Bud" Corbett, a spokesman for the Pasadena Police Department, stated that the two men ignored Mr. Horn's order to freeze and that one of the suspects ran towards Joe Horn before angling away from Horn toward the street when the suspect was shot in the back. The medical examiner's report could not specify whether they were shot in the back due to the ballistics of the shotgun wound. Pasadena police confirmed that the two men were shot after they ventured into Horn's front yard. The plain clothes detective did not arrest Horn.
The incident touched off protests, led by Quanell X, leader of the Houston chapter of the New Black Panther Party (NBPP) that were met by counter-protests from Horn's neighbors and other supporters.
911 call transcript
One vital piece of evidence were segments of Mr. Horn’s 911 calls which could have possibly incriminated Mr. Horn or shown his innocence. The most scrutinized segment is presented below:
Joe Horn: “I’ve got a shotgun; do you want me to stop them?”
The Pasadena emergency operator responded: “Nope. Don’t do that. Ain’t no property worth shooting somebody over, O.K.?”
Mr. Horn said: “But hurry up, man. Catch these guys will you? Cause, I ain’t going to let them go.”
Mr. Horn then said he would get his shotgun.
The operator said, “No, no.” But Mr. Horn said: “I can’t take a chance of getting killed over this, O.K.? I’m going to shoot.”
The operator told him not to go out with a gun because officers would be arriving.
“I understand that O.K.,” Mr. Horn said. “But I have a right to protect myself too, sir, and you understand that” adding, “and the laws have been changed in this country since September the First, and you know it and I know it. I have a right to protect myself. A shotgun is a legal weapon, it's not an illegal weapon”
The operator said, “You’re going to get yourself shot if you go outside that house with a gun.” But Mr. Horn replied, “You wanna make a bet?”
Moments later he said, “Well here it goes, buddy. You hear the shotgun clicking and I’m going.”
Then he said: “Move, you’re dead.”
There were two quick gunshots, then a third.
“I had no choice,” Mr. Horn said when he got back on the line with the dispatcher. “They came in the front yard with me, man.”
The 911 call ended about 80 seconds after the shots were fired, when officers arrived on the scene.
Joe Horn is a native Houstonian who took an early retirement from AT&T in 1998. Later that year he moved in with his daughter, Rhonda, and her husband in Kentucky. After his daughter was widowed in 1998 the remainder of the family moved to Houston and Horn went back to work so his daughter could take care of the children. When Rhonda re-married, she and her husband purchased a home and asked Mr. Horn to move in. In 2003 he accepted and moved in once more.
An only child, Horn graduated from Sam Houston High School in 1964. He went to work as a 7-Eleven store clerk immediately after high school. Two years afterwards, he started work in the communications industry, eventually working his way up to a computer program manager for AT&T before retiring in 2003.
He was proficient with guns because of hunting, which he lost interest in years before the shooting.
A death threat was made anonymously to the district attorney in which the following was said: "Don't worry about my name. But what you better do, you better indict Joe Horn, and you better find him guilty. Because if you don't, somebody is gonna kill him on the outside, and if he goes to prison he's gonna get killed on the inside. It's as simple as that. They waiting on him in prison, and we're waiting on him on the outside. We gonna kill that mother fucker. Bye."
Reaction to no bill
Black activist Quanell X said he was meeting with civil attorneys to discuss the next legal move. He said he planned to lobby lawmakers to change the Castle Doctrine, which he believes is racially motivated. He went on to say, "This was a wild and out-of-control Western-thinking, gun-toting man who saw the opportunity to be judge, jury and executioner, and Harris County let him get away with it. But we’re not going to let him get away with it."
On a Sunday in early December 2007, Quanell X and dozens of members of the New Black Panther Party planned a march through Pasadena Texas to protest. They were faced with hundreds of homeowners who counter-demonstrated against the protest. Horn's supporters did confront Quanell and the New Black Panthers by revving their motorcycle engines and chanting "USA" and repeatedly telling the black activist to "get a job". After about 15 minutes of being shouted down by Horn supporters, Quanell X and his supporters decided to abandon their demonstration.
Joseph Gutheinz, a Houston attorney and member of the National Republican Lawyers Association, said: “I wonder if Joe Horn were black if he would be free tonight or in the Harris County Jail.” Speaking on the Harris County Grand Jury system, Gutheinz said: “It’s a sea of white faces that doesn’t look anything like the county.”
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- .Blumenthal, Ralph (2007-12-13). "Shootings Test Limits of New Self-Defense Law". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
- "The Deaths of Two Illegal Aliens Near Houston". The O'Reilly Factor - Talking Points. 2007-12-06.
- Horswell, Cindy (2007-12-18). "Pasadena police present DA with report on Horn". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- Crowe, Robert; Stewart, Richard (2007-11-16). "911 tape traces deadly shootings by Pasadena man". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
- Man Kills Suspects While On Phone With 911
- Joe Horn cleared by grand jury in Pasadena shootings
- Citizen Magazine Controversy continues over killing of burglars in Pasadena.
- Video of event on Youtube with Quanell X's comments
- Quanell X Chased Away by Joe Horn Supporters in Pasadena
- Associated Press (2007-12-03). "Pasadena Protest Over Slain Burglars Heats Up". Houston Chronicle.
- KTRK.com's video
- Horswell, Cindy; Rendon, Ruth (2007-12-17). "The man behind the gun". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
- Russell, Rucks (2007-12-10). "Horn Death Threat Caught on Tape". khou.com. Archived from the original on 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
- DA's office: Caller threatened Joe Horn's life
- Joe Horn cleared by grand jury in Pasadena shootings
- Quanell X: Grand jury system is 'broken,' unfair to minorities
- Ellick, Adam B. (July 1, 2008). "Grand Jury Clears Texan in the Killing of 2 Burglars". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- Discussion on the Glenn Beck Program.[dead link]