Joe Jones (artist)
|Born||Joseph John Jones
April 7, 1909
St. Louis, Missouri
Morristown, New Jersey
Joseph John Jones (1909–1963) was an American painter, landscape painter, lithographer, and muralist. TIME magazine followed him throughout his career. Although Jones was never a member of the John Reed Club, his name is closely associated with its artistic members, most of them also contributors to the New Masses magazine.
Born in St. Louis, Missouri, April 7, 1909. Self-taught, he quit school at age fifteen to work as a house painter, his father's profession.
Father of Peter Jones. Grandfather of Lobbyist Jonathon Jones and Great Grandfather of Wells, Lawton, and Olivia Jones
Jones worked in his native St. Louis, Missouri, until age 27, then spent the rest of his life based in or around New York City.
Jones' experiments in painting won him a series of prizes at the St. Louis Art Guild exhibitions. Following these came a commission to paint a mural at the KMOX radio station and a solo exhibition by the guild.
In 1933, ten patrons led by Elizabeth Green in St. Louis formed a "Joe Jones Club" and financed his travel to the artists' colony in Provincetown, Massachusetts. While some critics have considered his early paintings as typical of the Midwestern Regionalist style exemplified by the work of Thomas Hart Benton, others have stated that he was in fact "anti-Regionalist." By then, Jones had only from magazines; art historian Andrew Hemingway surmises that Jones absorbed Modernist and Cubist ideas also from paintings. Upon his return to St. Louis, Jones lived in a houseboat.
In August 1935, Jones painted a mural series at the Commonwealth College at Mena, Arkansas. Mr. Jones painted a New Deal mural for the post office in Charleston, MO titled Harvest in 1938. This mural was done at the height of Jones' fame and is a classic subject for Mr. Jones. It depicts the harvest of wheat in a very labor-intensive manner showing the cutting, gathering, and stacking of it onto a wagon. Under a cloudy dark sky, wheat dominates the perspective with the farmers providing a great deal of motion. Another New Deal mural entitled Men & Wheat was painted by Joe Jones in 1940 followed by Husking Corn in 1941 for the Dexter, Missouri post office,Turning a Corner in 1939 in Anthony, Kansas and Threshing in Magnolia, Arkansas in 1938. All the murals depicted some process during a wheat harvest. Of the "revolutionary element" his early work, Jones wrote to Green, it is "not warped to bias to any party" except for the "militant struggle of the working class," which he contrasted to artists who believed in the Communist Party.
In 1935, TIME magazine ran its first story about Jones: "Housepainter" (June 3, 1935). It reported that Jones had contributed a painting to the "Sixteen Cities Show" in Manhattan's Museum of Modern Art, whose autobiography read, "Joe Jones. Born St. Louis, 1909. Self-taught." By this time, Jones had become a Communist... Back in St. Louis, Jones promoted such thinking in his art classes at the St. Louis Artists Guild. In response, the city's Public Safety director had Jones removed.
When Jones came to New York, a symposium by the New Masses celebrated his arrival on February 2, 1936. Participating were Louis Bunin (puppeteer), Stuart Davis (American Artists' Congress), Joseph Freeman (literary critic and founder of the New Masses), William Gropper (fellow painter and cartoonist), Jerome Klein (critic of the New York Post, and Roger Baldwin (chairman).
TIME reported on both of these one-man shows in New York, first at the ACA Gallery in 1935, followed by the Walker Gallery in 1936. The first show included the paintings We Demand, Garbage Eaters, Demonstration, The New Deal, and the shocking American Justice. The second show included We Demand, Garbage Eaters, Demonstration, and his latest, Threshing No. 1.
In 1937 the Metropolitan Museum of Art acquired at least one Joe Jones painting as part of (then) 85 paintings of living American artists. His work was still being classed as "proletarian" in a TIME article,"Art:Year." in 1938 and a second article on Baltimore's first exhibition of "Labor in Art" at the Baltimore Museum of Art.
World War II
In 1943, Joe Jones was enlisted into the United States Department of War's combat artist program. Although the Army background check revealed Jones was a member of the Communist Party, the art program's chairman George Biddle supported Jones, stating that Jones was "willing to swear that he never had any intention or obligation to disrupt the American Government." Jones was assigned to the Alaska Defense Command, at Fort Richardson, outside Anchorage, Alaska.
By 1951, for a new show in New York, TIME was reporting the "angry man calms down." The paintings on exhibit showed "delicately colored, wiry-lined pictures of beaches, towns, and harbors... without a park of sorrow or anger in them." Jones (then, 42 years old) did not want to "sit on top of a reputation," had lost interest in Communism, and removed "class war" from his paintings. He became interested in delicate lines and low-toned colors, a reaction against "the preoccupation with light and shade that has victimized Western art since the Renaissance." By this time, he saw paintings as "space, not objects" and sought humanism not in subject but "of the line." By this time, he was already residing in Morristown, New Jersey.
By 1952, TIME had cited him as one of 48 artists whose 250 paintings had been commissioned by Standard Oil of New Jersey. TIME mentioned Jones with other of the 48 artists by name: the other two were Peter Hurd and Thomas Hart Benton.
TIME Magazine Covers
For May 1961, Jones painted The Faraway Places for a TIME cover story in its Modern Living section on travel. TIME announced his addition to "the small group (about 80 men over the past 38 years) who have painted a TIME cover." According to a Letter from the Publisher, Jones, who had done little foreign travel, "riffled through scads of travel photographs" and produced a work depicting a girl from Tahiti, cliffs near Beirut, a Greek island, and a Portofino harbor.
Jones died the week prior to April 19, 1963, as reported by TIME, 54-years-old, of a heart attack in Morristown. Of his early, radical work, the magazine cited American Justice with the corpse of a half-naked black woman who has been raped and lynched against a background of quietly chatting Ku Klux Klansmen. For his later, "softer Japanese-like style," it cited his December 1961 cover and a mural of Boston Harbor in the dining salon of the S.S. Independence.
- Hemingway, Andrew (2002). Artists on the Left: American Artists and the Communist Movement, 1926-1956. Yale University Press. pp. 34–39. ISBN 0-300-09220-2.
- | "Housepainter". TIME magazine. June 3, 1935. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- "Individual Artists: Joe Jones". Comrades in Arms. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- | "Workers and Wheatfields". TIME magazine. February 6, 1936. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- | "Metropolitan's Moderns". TIME magazine. June 7, 1937. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- | "Art: Year". TIME magazine. January 3, 1938. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- | "Labor Esthetics". TIME magazine. September 19, 1938. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Harrington, Peter. "The 1943 War Art Program" (PDF). Army History, The Professional Bulletin of Army History (Spring-Summer 2002): 11.
- | "Angry Man Calms Down". TIME magazine. October 22, 1951. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- | "The Pride of Tulsa". TIME magazine. August 4, 1952. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- | "The Faraway Places". TIME magazine. May 19, 1961. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- | "Letter from the Publisher". TIME magazine. May 19, 1961. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- | "Christmas Shopping". TIME magazine. December 15, 1961. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- | "Letters". TIME magazine. December 22, 1961. Retrieved May 30, 2010..
- | "Milestones". TIME magazine. April 19, 1963. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Yale University Press: Artists on the Left by Andrew Hemingway
- St. Louis Arts Guild: Our Proud Past
- Comrades in Art: Joe Jones (1909–1963)
- Library of Congress: Life of the People - The American Scene (Joe Jones, "Wasteland," 1937)
- Art of the Print: Joe Jones