|Full name||Joseph Henry Slater|
|Date of birth||29 November 1888|
|Place of birth||Ballarat, Victoria|
|Date of death||3 May 1917(aged 28)|
|Place of death||Bullecourt, France|
|Original team(s)||United Methodists|
|Height||179 cm (5 ft 10 in)|
|Weight||86 kg (190 lb)|
1 Playing statistics correct to the end of 1914.
|Sources: AFL Tables, AustralianFootball.com|
The son of sharebroker Henry Slater (1837-1906), and Diana Slater (1854-1936), née Reynolds, Joseph Henry Slater was born in Ballarat, Victoria, on 29 November 1888. He was engaged to Nellie Jean Wigley (1885-1943); she never married, and she died in Elsternwick, Victoria on 22 April 1943.
A non-smoker and non-drinker, and an accomplished sprinter, Slater usually played as a defender, with stints in the midfield and up forward. An all round sportsman Slater made 101 for Geelong 'B' against Kardinia in the First Eleven match in the G.C.A. season 1909/10.
He was named as a half back flanker in Geelong's official 'Team of the Century'. Good overhead, Slater twice represented Victoria at interstate football.
On 15 June 1912 Slater kicked a drop kick goal at Richmond's Punt Road Oval from the centre; measured at 85 yards (approx. 77.5 metres).
Due to work commitments in Melbourne in 1913 Slater intended to play with VFL team University; however, he played several matches with Hawthorn in the Metropolitan Amateur Football Association (MAFA); and, when playing against Collingwood District on 3 May 1913, he dislocated his collar bone, and refused to leave the ground so his team wouldn't be one man short. Slater eventually returned to Geelong that year.
Former League Champion of the late 19th and early 20th Centuries Peter Burns wrote of Slater in 1940:
- "I turn to the possibilities of a man who, had he been spared, would have revolutionised Australian Football and gone down as the greatest player our game has produced - Joe Slater. Slater was nearing his prime when he was cut down in World War 1. He was just on the verge of super championship class when duty called him. He never came back. He was a big strong fellow. Higher than 6ft about 13 stone of hard sinew and muscle - but, as a mover an antelope. His pace was phenomenal. He was a champion runner. Yet, despite his size and his great pace, he could swing and balance like a rover."
- "In May 1917 he was leading his company in an operation at Bullecourt when he was hit by shrapnel, but on the way to a dressing station he was caught by machine-gun fire which killed him instantly. Although men went out to look for his body the following night, nothing was found except one of his boots. To this day he has no known grave."
According to Main and Allen (2002, p.178):
- "News of Slater's death precipitated overwhelming grief in Geelong and fans on their way to a match at Corio Oval turned back after word passed from mouth to mouth of their hero being reported "killed in action". Geelong players the following week wore black crepe armbands for a match against Richmond."
- Deaths: Slater, The Geelong Advertiser, (Wednesday, 18 April 1906), p.1.
- Births: Slater, The Ballarat Star, (Saturday, 22 December 1888), p.2.
- Although widely known as "Nellie Jean Wigley", her name at birth was "Eleanor Jane Wigley".
- She trained as a nurse at the Alfred Hospital (Farewell Social, The Geelong Advertiser, (Wednesday, 31 August 1910), p.2), and qualified in May 1914 ((Melbourne) Punch, (Thursday, 2 July 1914), p.33).
- In Memoriam: On Active Service, Slater, The Argus, (Friday, 3 May 1918), p.1; In Memoriam: On Active Service, Slater, The Geelong Advertiser, (Friday, 3 May 1918), p.1; In Memoriam: On Active Service, Slater, The Argus, (Monday, 3 May 1920), p.1.
- World War One Service Record: Staff Nurse Nellie Jean Wigley, A.A.N.S., Australian National Archives; First World War Nominal Roll: Staff Nurse Nellie Jean Wigley, A.A.N.S., Australian War Museum; First World War Embarkation Roll: Staff Nurse Nellie Jean Wigley, A.A.N.S., Australian War Museum.
- Deaths: Wigley, The Argus, (Saturday, 24 April 1943), p.12.
- Heritage Guide to The Geelong College: Slater, Joseph Henry (1888-1917).
- Athletic Championships, The (Melbourne) Herald, (Monday, 19 January 1914), p.2; Athletes in Arms, The Winner, (Wednesday, 30 May 1917), p.8; Whip, "From Track to Trench: Athlete Plays Great Game", The (Melbourne) Herald, (Friday, 15 June 1917), p.3.
- Memorial to Captain J. H. Slater, The Geelong Advertiser, (Saturday, 3 September 1921), p.4.
- He wore Guernsey numbers 19, 17, 30 and 10.
- Geelong in First Four, The Geelong Advertiser, (Monday, 17 June 1912), p.3.
- Metropolitan Amateur Association, The Age, (Monday, 5 May 1913), p.13.
- Slater's Military Records show that Slater resided at 109 Swanston Street, Geelong prior to leaving for duty abroad.
- Noted Footballers Fall: Captain J. H. Slater, The Winner, (Wednesday, 30 May 1917), p.8; Well-known Footballer Killed in Action, The Geelong Advertiser, (Tuesday, 22 May 1917), p.2.
- Together They Served: 1914-1918 Surf Coast Memorials: Anglesea Names: Joseph Henry Slater.
- Descriptions of the team wearing the black armbands at: The Geelong Advertiser, (Monday, 28 May 1917), p.6, and The Age, (Monday, 28 May 1917), p.9, and The Argus, (Monday, 28 May 1917), p.10.
- Main, J. & Allen, D., "Slater, Joe", pp. 175–178 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen — The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. ISBN 1-74095-010-0
- Joe Slater, The Geelong Advertiser, (Saturday, 4 December 1915), p.8.
- Noted Footballer Killed, The Argus, (Wednesday, 23 May 1917), p.8.
- Lannen, D., "Cat in the Trenches: Joe Slater a Grand and Noble Hero", The Geelong Advertiser, Monday, 20 April 2015.
- World War One Nominal Roll: Captain Joseph Henry Slater, Australian War Memorial.
- World War One Embarkation Roll: Captain Joseph Henry Slater, Australian War Memorial.
- Photograph: Captain Joseph Henry Slater, National Archives of Australia.
- World War One Service Record: Captain Joseph Henry Slater, National Archives of Australia.
- Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau Files, 1914-18 War: Captain Joseph Henry Slater, 22nd Battalion, Australian War Memorial.
- Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Captain Joseph Henry Slater
- Commonwealth War Graves Commission: Captain Joseph Henry Slater
- Football and War: A Tribute to the ANZACS, Annalyst Sports.
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