|Joseph P. Walshe|
2 October 1886|
Killenaule, County Tipperary, Ireland.
|Died||6 February 1956
|Cause of death||Cardiac asthma|
|Alma mater||University College Dublin|
|Known for||general secretary, Department of Foreign Affairs|
Joseph (Joe) Walshe (2 October 1886 - 6 February 1956) was an Irish civil servant. As Secretary of the Department of External Affairs of the Irish Free State from 1923–46, he was the department's most senior official.
Early life and education
Walsh was born in the largely agricultural and coal mining region of Killenaule, County Tipperary in 1886. In 1893 he joined the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) as a novice. Two years later he was sent by them to study in the Netherlands with exiled French members of the order. Walsh returned to Ireland where he studied at Mungret College, Co. Limerick, and began teaching at the prestigious Jesuit-run boarding school of Clongowes Wood. He left the order in 1916 due to illness, before studying for a general law degree at University College Dublin. He went on to obtain a masters degree in French.:13
From Irish Republic to Treaty split
Having completed his studies, Walsh went on holidays to France where he met with Seán T. Ó Ceallaigh, whom he had known at the University.:13 Ó Ceallaigh had been sent to Paris in 1919 to lobby the international delegates for recognition of the revolutionary Irish Republic at the Paris Peace Conference. While the Irish War of Independence continued, Walshe worked with Ó Ceallaigh and his small team for international recognition of the nascent government of which he was now an employee, and which the British authorities considered illegal. Walsh was formally engaged in Paris from 1 November 1920 until his recall to Dublin on 31 January 1922. His transfer and meteoric promotion were precipitated by the split within the Irish government due to disagreements over the Anglo-Irish Treaty and which soon led to the Irish Civil War. Robert Brennan, who was Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs prior to the split, and who sided with the anti-treaty faction, recommended to the pro-treaty George Gavan Duffy that Walsh would be a capable replacement for him to organise the Department.:18 Gavan Duffy accepted the recommendation of his erstwhile colleague and Walsh was appointed Acting Secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Provisional Government.
Second World War
During World War II, he was viewed as being pro-German by outside observers, especially in the United Kingdom. In June 1940, he met with Eduard Hempel, the German Minister to Ireland. According to Hempel's report back to Berlin:
"The conversation, in which Walshe expressed great admiration for the German achievements, went off in a friendly way ... (Walshe) remarked that he hoped that the statement of the Leader in his interview with Weygand respecting his absence of intention to destroy the British Empire, did not mean the abandonment of Ireland."
On 2 May 1945, he and Taoiseach Éamon de Valera visited Hempel at home in Dún Laoghaire to express the Irish Government's official condolences on the suicide of Adolf Hitler. He retired to Rome and died in Cairo on 6 February 1956.
Nolan, Aengus : Joseph Walshe: Irish Foreign Policy 1922–1946 : ISBN 978-1-85635-580-3
- Reviews in History:
- Nolan, Aengus (2008). Joseph Walshe: Irish foreign policy 1922–1946,. Mercier Press. ISBN 978-1-85635-580-3. Retrieved 05/07/2010. Check date values in:
- Documents on German Foreign Policy, 1918–45, Volume 8, Document 473. London: Foreign & Commonwealth Office. 1983. ISBN 0-11-591578-8.