Joe Williams (jazz singer)

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This article is about the jazz singer. For the Delta blues singer, see Big Joe Williams. For other people named Joe Williams, see Joe Williams (disambiguation).
Joe Williams
Joe Williams.jpg
Background information
Birth name Joseph Goreed
Born (1918-12-12)December 12, 1918
Cordele, Georgia, U.S.
Died March 29, 1999(1999-03-29) (aged 80)
Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
Genres Jazz, blues, swing, traditional pop
Occupation(s) Singer
Labels RCA Victor, Verve
Associated acts Lionel Hampton, Count Basie

Joe Williams (born Joseph Goreed; December 12, 1918 – March 29, 1999) was an American jazz singer.

Early life[edit]

Williams was born in Cordele, Georgia, the son of Willie Goreed and Anne Beatrice née Gilbert. When he was about three, his mother and grandmother took him to Chicago.[1] He grew up on the South Side of Chicago, where he attended Austin Otis Sexton Elementary School and Englewood High School.[1] In the 1930s, as a teenager, he was a member of a gospel group, the Jubilee Boys, and performed in Chicago churches.

Early career[edit]

He worked as a singer and bouncer in Chicago in the late 1930s and early 1940s.[citation needed] He began singing professionally as a soloist in 1937. He sometimes sang with big bands: from 1937 he performed with Jimmie Noone's Apex Club Orchestra, and also toured with Les Hite in the Midwest.[2] In 1941 he toured with Coleman Hawkins to Memphis, Tennessee. In 1943 he performed in Boston with the Lionel Hampton Orchestra.[3] He toured with Hampton for several years but never achieved breakthrough success.[citation needed] He sang with Red Saunders at the Club DeLisa in Chicago in 1945, and in 1946 was in New York with Andy Kirk.[3]

In the late 1940s Williams was ill and performed little. By October 1950 he was again at the Club DeLisa with Red Saunders, where Count Basie heard him.[3]

Later career[edit]

Joe Williams at the Palo Alto Jazz Festival in September 1986

From 1954 to 1961 he was the singer for the Count Basie Orchestra.[3] He rose to national prominence with Basie, who nicknamed him "The Number One Son".[citation needed] "Every Day I Have the Blues", recorded in 1955, was one of his many hit recordings.[3]

After leaving the Basie band, Williams had a successful career as a soloist at festivals, in clubs and on television.[3] He and Basie remained on good terms and he regularly appeared with the Basie orchestra. He toured and made recordings with many other musicians, including Harry "Sweets" Edison in 1961–62, Junior Mance between 1962 and 1964, George Shearing in 1971, and Cannonball Adderley between 1973 and 1975. He went on a long tour from Egypt to India with Clark Terry in 1977, and toured Europe and the United States with Thad Jones and the Basie Orchestra in 1985. He also worked with his own combos, which between 1970 and 1990 usually included the pianist Norman Simmons, and often had Henry Johnson on guitar.[3]

Williams sang with the Basie orchestra in two films, Jamboree in 1957 and Cinderfella in 1960.[1] He sometimes worked as an actor, and in 1985 took the rôle of "Grandpa Al" Hanks in Bill Cosby's popular Cosby Show.[3] Williams appeared several times on Sesame Street in the 1980s and early 1990s.

In later life Williams often worked in hotels and clubs in Las Vegas, but also sang at festivals and worked on cruise ships. He toured again with the Basie Orchestra, this time under the direction of Frank Foster, who had succeeded Thad Jones as leader of the band. Williams sang with the former Ellington Orchestra drummer Louie Bellson in Duke Ellington's jazz suite Black, Brown and Beige; in about 1993 or 1994 he again toured with George Shearing.[3]

Williams worked regularly until his death in Las Vegas on March 29, 1999, at the age of 80.[2]

Awards, recognitions and legacy[edit]

In 1988, with his wife Jillean and friends, Williams set up the not-for-profit Joe Williams Every Day Foundation to offer scholarships to talented young musicians.[4][5][6][7]

His 1955 recording of "Every Day I Have the Blues" with Basie was added to the Grammy Hall of Fame for recordings of particular historical or qualitative importance in 1992.[2][8] Williams was added to the Jazz Wall of Fame of the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers in 2001.[9]

Grammy Award[edit]

Joe Williams Grammy Award History
Year Category Title Genre Result Notes
1989 Best Jazz Vocal Performance In Good Company Jazz Nominee
1989 Best Jazz Vocal Performance "Is You Is or Is You Ain't My Baby" Jazz Nominee with Marlena Shaw
1988 Best Jazz Vocal Performance "I Won't Leave You Again" Jazz Nominee with Lena Horne
1987 Best Jazz Vocal Performance Every Night: Live At Vine St. Jazz Nominee
1986 Best Jazz Vocal Performance I Just Want To Sing Jazz Nominee
1984 Best Jazz Vocal Performance Nothin' but the Blues Jazz Winner
1982 Best Jazz Vocal Performance "8 to 5 I Lose" Jazz Nominee from Burt Reynold's 'Sharky's Machine'
1979 Best Jazz Vocal Performance Prez & Joe Jazz Nominee

The Blues Foundation Awards[edit]

Joe Williams: Blues Music Awards[10]
Year Category Title Result
1985 Traditional Blues Album Nothin' but the Blues Winner


Year Category Result Notes
2001 ASCAP Jazz Wall of Fame[9] Inducted
1995 Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame Inducted
1993 NEA Jazz Masters Winner
1993 Ebony Lifetime Achievement Award Winner
1983 Hollywood Walk of Fame Honored at 6508 Hollywood Blvd.
next to Count Basie


Year Title Label Billboard Chart
Top Jazz Albums[11]
1995 Feel The Spirit Telarc
1994 Milt Jackson: The Prophet Speaks (includes "Five O'Clock In The Morning Blues" with Joe Williams) Qwest/WB
1994 Here's To Life (with Robert Farnon Orchestra) Telarc
1993 Live At Orchestra Hall, Detroit (with the Count Basie Orchestra, directed by Frank Foster) Telarc
1992 Ballad And Blues Master (more material recorded live at "Vine St." in 1987) Verve #7
1990 That Holiday Feelin' Verve
1989 In Good Company (includes "Is You Is or Is You Ain't My Baby" with Marlena Shaw) Verve #5
1988 Lena Horne: The Men In My Life (includes "I Won't Leave You Again" with Joe Williams) Three Cherries
1987 Every Night: Live At Vine St. (with the Norman Simmons Quartet) Verve
1985 I Just Want To Sing (Joe Williams & Friends, June 1985) Delos
1984 Then And Now (with the Mike Melvoin Trio + Pete Christlieb) Bosco/Sea Breeze
1983 Nothin' but the Blues (with Red Holloway & His Blues All-Stars) Delos
1981 The Soundtrack Music From Burt Reynold's 'Sharky's Machine' (includes "8 To 5 I Lose") Atlantic
1979 Prez & Joe: In Celebration Of Lester Young (with Dave Pell's Prez Conference) GNP Crescendo
1978 Live At The Century Plaza (with the Capp/Pierce Juggernaut Band) Concord
1973 Joe Williams Live (with the Cannonball Adderley Sextet) Fantasy
1972 With Love Temponic
1971 Live In Vegas (with the Count Basie Orchestra) Monad [rel. 1995]
1971 The Heart and Soul of Joe Williams and George Shearing (with George Shearing) Sheba/Koch
1970 Worth Waiting For... Blue Note
1968 Something Old, New And Blue (with the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra) Solid State
1967 Presenting Joe Williams and the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra Solid State/Blue Note
1966 The Exciting Joe Williams RCA Victor
1965 The Song Is You RCA Victor
1964 Me And The Blues RCA Victor
1963 Joe Williams At Newport '63 RCA Victor
1963 Jump For Joy RCA Victor
1964 Havin' A Good Time! Featuring Ben Webster Hyena [rel. 2005]
1964 A New Kind Of Love Roulette
1963 One Is A Lonesome Number Roulette
1963 Back To Basie & The Blues (with Count Basie and His Orchestra) compilation Roulette
1962 Joe Williams Live! A Swingin' Night At Birdland Roulette
1961 Have A Good Time With Joe Williams Roulette
1961 Together (with Harry "Sweets" Edison) Roulette
1961 Sentimental & Melancholy Roulette
1960 Just The Blues (with Count Basie) Roulette
1960 Joe Williams With Songs About 'That Kind Of Woman' Roulette
1959 Everyday I Have the Blues (with Count Basie and His Orchestra) Roulette
1959 Joe Williams Sings About You! Roulette
1959 Breakfast Dance and Barbecue [live] (with Count Basie and His Orchestra) Roulette
1959 Memories Ad-Lib (with Count Basie) Roulette
1959 Sing Along with Basie (with Lambert, Hendricks & Ross and the Basie Band) Roulette
1958 A Man Ain't Supposed To Cry Roulette/Label M
1957 Count Basie at Newport [live] (with Count Basie and His Orchestra) Verve
1957 One O'Clock Jump (with Count Basie and Ella Fitgerald) Verve
1956 Basie in London [live] (with Count Basie and His Orchestra) Verve
1956 Metronome All-Stars 1956 (with Count Basie and Ella Fitzgerald) Clef/Verve
1956 The Greatest!! Count Basie Plays, Joe Williams Sings Standards (with Count Basie) Verve
1955 Count Basie Swings, Joe Williams Sings (with Count Basie) Clef/Verve
1955 A Night at Count Basie's (the band: Emmett Berry-trumpet, Vic Dickenson-trombone,

Marlowe Morris-organ, Bobby Henderson-piano, Aaron Bell-bass, Bobby Donaldson-drums)



Joe Williams Sings Everyday (with the Red Saunders band) 6 Parrot/Blue Lake masters

from 1953, plus (with the King Kolax orchestra) 4 Chess/Checker masters from 1952.



10" shellac (78rpm) singles: Columbia 30218, OKeh 6801, OKeh 6834, OKeh 6914,

OKeh 6953, OKeh 7061 (with Red Saunders & His Orchestra)

1946 10" shellac (78rpm) single: Decca 23959 (with the Andy Kirk orchestra) Decca


  • 1992 Joe Williams with George Shearing: A Song Is Born (View Video)
  • 1991 Jazz At The Smithsonian (Kultur Video)


  1. ^ a b c James Ross Moore (2002). Williams, Joe. American National Biography online edition. Accessed April 2015. (subscription required).
  2. ^ a b c Pareles, Jon (March 31, 1999). "Joe Williams, Jazz Singer of Soulful Tone and Timing, Is Dead at 80". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bob Weir, Barry Kernfeld. Williams, Joe. In: Barry Kernfeld (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, second edition. Grove Music Online/ Oxford Music Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Accessed April 2015. (subscription required).
  4. ^ "Joe Williams Every Day Foundation". Retrieved January 3, 2017. 
  5. ^ Gelb, Hank (October 5, 1997). "Joyful Noise". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  6. ^ Larkin, Colin (1995). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Guinness. p. 4494. ISBN 1-56159-176-9. 
  7. ^ Elwood, Philip (March 30, 1999). "Beautiful voice, elegant man". The San Francisco Examiner. 
  8. ^ Grammy Hall Of Fame. Santa Monica, CA: The Recording Academy. Accessed April 2015.
  9. ^ a b "2001 Inductees". ASCAP Jazz Wall of Fame. Retrieved January 3, 2017. 
  10. ^ The Blues Foundation Database
  11. ^ Joe Williams at AllMusic

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Gleason (1956). Every Day is a Good Day for Joe Williams. Down Beat 23 (11): 11
  • R. Horricks (1956). Joe Williams. Jazz Monthly 2 (7): 7
  • L. Tomkins (1963). Frankly Speaking: Joe Williams. Crescendo 1 (6): 10
  • B. Gardner (1964). Is Joe Williams Really Joe Williams? Down Beat 31 (32): 19
  • A. J. Smith (1976). Joe Williams: the Well Tempered Blaze of Vocal Excellence. Down Beat 43 (9): 11
  • Sheldon Harris (1979) Blues Who’s Who: a Biographical Dictionary of Blues Singers. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House. ISBN 9780870004254.
  • Stanley Dance (1980). The World of Count Basie. New York; London: C. Scribner's Sons. ISBN 9780684166049. p. 198.
  • Joe Williams (1980). You and Me. Jazz-Podium 29 (10): 12
  • J. E. Siegel (1980). Talking with Joe Williams. Radio Free Jazz 21 (January): 12
  • Dempsey J. Travis (1983). An Autobiography of Black Jazz. Chicago, IL: Urban Research Institute. ISBN 9780941484039 p. 467.
  • Leslie Gourse (1985). Every Day: the Story of Joe Williams London; New York: Quartet Books. ISBN 9780704324664.
  • Chris Sheridan (1986). Count Basie: a Bio-discography. New York: Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313249358.
  • D. Morgenstern (1987). Joe Williams: the Boy Singer. Jazz Times (October): 36
  • Whitney Balliett (1988). American Singers: Twenty-seven Portraits in Song. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195065732. p. 72.
  • [s.n.] (1988). Joe Williams. Jazz-Podium. 37 (7): 3
  • E. Calloway (April 28, 1990). Defender Newsboy Joe Williams Grew up to be a Great Vocalist. Chicago Defender p. 33.
  • R. Mitchell (February 16, 1994). Joe Williams Saves a Few of his High Notes. Houston Chronicle.
  • D. Zych (1994). Joe Williams: Celebrating Ev-e-ry-Day. Jazz Times 24' (2): 43
  • H. Gelb (October 5, 1997). Blues Singer Joe Williams Has Seen Hard Times, but Takes Solace from his Saviour: Joyful Noise. San Francisco Examiner Magazine. p. 10.
  • D. Heckman (March 31, 1999). [obituary]. Los Angeles Times
  • B. Crowther (1999). [obituary]. Jazz Journal International 52 (5): 18

External links[edit]