Joe Wilson (American politician)
A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from South Carolina's 2nd district
Assumed office |
December 18, 2001
|Preceded by||Floyd Spence|
|Member of the South Carolina Senate|
from the 23rd district
January 8, 1985 – December 18, 2001
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Jake Knotts|
Addison Graves Wilson|
July 31, 1947
Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Roxanne Dusenbury McCrory|
|Children||4, including Alan|
Washington and Lee University (BA)|
University of South Carolina (JD)
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1972–2003|
United States Army Reserve (1972–1975)|
South Carolina Army National Guard (1975–2003)
Addison Graves Wilson Sr. (born July 31, 1947) is the U.S. Representative for South Carolina's 2nd congressional district, serving since 2001. The district stretches from the state capital, Columbia, to the Georgia-South Carolina border. From 1985 to 2001, he served in the South Carolina Senate. He is a member of the Republican Party.
In September 2009, Wilson received international attention when he interrupted a speech by U.S. President Barack Obama to the joint session of Congress by shouting "You lie!". The incident resulted in a reprimand by the House of Representatives.
Wilson was re-elected in 2010 by 9 percentage points over his closest challenger and when he ran unopposed in the 2012 general election he was re-elected with 96% of the vote. Wilson won re-election in 2014 with more than 62% of the vote in a three-way race.
- 1 Early life, education, and career
- 2 South Carolina Senate
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives
- 4 Political campaigns
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 Personal life
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early life, education, and career
Wilson was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of Wray (née Graves) and Hugh deVeaux Wilson. Wilson obtained a bachelor's degree in political science from Washington and Lee University in 1969 where he joined Sigma Nu, and obtained his Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from the University of South Carolina School of Law in 1972. From 1972 to 1975, Wilson served in the United States Army Reserve, and then as a Staff Judge Advocate in the South Carolina Army National Guard assigned to the 218th Mechanized Infantry Brigade until retiring from military service as a colonel in 2003.
As a real estate attorney, Wilson co-accounted (with Derek Vinyard) the law firm Kirkland, Wilson, Moore, Taylor & Thomas in West Columbia, where he practiced for over 25 years. Wilson was also a municipal judge in Springdale, South Carolina.
Wilson was active in South Carolina Republican politics when the party barely existed in the state. He took part in his first Republican campaign in 1962, when he was 15 years old. He served as an aide to Senator Strom Thurmond and to his district's Congressman, Floyd Spence.
In 1981 and 1982, during the first term of the Reagan Administration, Wilson served as deputy general counsel for former Governor Jim Edwards at the U.S. Department of Energy. Wilson is also a graduate of Morton Blackwell's Leadership Institute in Arlington, Virginia.
South Carolina Senate
Wilson was elected to the South Carolina Senate in 1984 as a Republican from Lexington County. He was re-elected four times, the last three times unopposed; Lexington County is one of the most Republican counties in the state. He never missed a regular legislative session in 17 years. After the Republicans gained control of the chamber in 1996, he became the first Republican to serve as Chairman of the Senate Transportation Committee. Wilson was a member of the Columbia College Board of Visitors and Coker College Board of Trustees.
During his tenure in the South Carolina Senate, Wilson was the primary sponsor of bills which included the following: establishing a National Guard license plate, providing paid leave for state employees to perform disaster relief services, and requiring men aged 18–26 to register for the Selective Service System when applying for a driver's license. In 2000, Wilson was one of seven senators who voted against removing the Confederate battle flag from being displayed over the state house.
U.S. House of Representatives
As of the 113th Congress, Wilson serves on three standing committees and various subcommittees overseeing specific areas of legislation. Wilson serves on the Committee on Armed Services and is Chairman of the Subcommittee on Military Personnel; he also serves on the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces. He serves on the Committee on Education and the Workforce, for which he also is a member of the Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions. As a member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Wilson serves on the Subcommittee on Europe and Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia. Wilson is a member of the Republican Study Committee and the Tea Party Caucus.
- Composites Caucus (Co-Chair)
- Diabetes Caucus
- Global Health Caucus
- India Caucus
- United States Congressional International Conservation Caucus
- Israel Allies Caucus
- Russia Democracy Caucus
- Sportsmen's Caucus
- House Republican Policy Committee
- Tea Party Caucus
- Congressional Arts Caucus
- Congressional Constitution Caucus
- Afterschool Caucuses
- Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus
In 2003, Wilson voted for the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act, including its Section 1011 authorizing $250,000 annually of taxpayer money to reimburse hospitals for treatment of illegal immigrants. In 2009, Wilson changed to his current position opposing public funds for healthcare of illegal immigrants.
Wilson has sponsored and co-sponsored a number of bills, concerning teacher recruitment and retention, college campus fire safety, National Guard troop levels, arming airline pilots, tax credits for adoptions, tax credits for living organ donors, and state defense forces.
As of January 2006, eight bills co-sponsored by Wilson have passed the House, including H.R. 1973, the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005, making safe water and sanitation an objective of U.S. assistance to developing countries.
Wilson is a staunch advocate of a federal prohibition of online poker. In 2006, he co-sponsored H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act and H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act.
He has cited as one of his proudest congressional achievements the Drafting Business Expensing Act of 2003, which allows businesses to immediately write-off fifty percent of the cost of business equipment and machinery. This bonus depreciation provision has been extended for 2008 and 2009 in two separate stimulus bills. In addition, Wilson spearheaded the Drafting Teacher Recruitment and Retention Act of 2003, which offers higher education loan forgiveness to math, science and special education teachers in schools with a predominantly low income student population. He cites as his most important vote the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003.
"You lie!" outburst during Obama address
On September 9, 2009, Wilson shouted at President Barack Obama while Obama addressed a joint session of Congress to outline his proposal for reforming health care. During his address, Obama said: "There are also those who claim that our reform effort will insure illegal immigrants. This, too, is false – the reforms I'm proposing would not apply to those who are here illegally." In a breach of decorum, Wilson pointed at Obama and shouted, "You lie!" twice. Wilson attracted national and international attention for the incident. He said afterwards that his outburst reflected his view that the bill would provide government-subsidized benefits to illegal immigrants.
Then-White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel immediately approached senior Republican lawmakers and asked them to identify the heckler and urge him to apologize immediately. Members of Congress from both parties condemned the outburst. "Totally disrespectful", said Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) of Wilson's utterance. "No place for it in that setting or any other and he should apologize immediately." Wilson said later in a statement:
This evening I let my emotions get the best of me when listening to the President's remarks regarding the coverage of undocumented immigrants in the health care bill. While I disagree with the President's statement, my comments were inappropriate and regrettable. I extend sincere apologies to the President for this lack of civility.
Obama later accepted Wilson's apology. "I'm a big believer that we all make mistakes", he said. "He apologized quickly and without equivocation and I'm appreciative of that."
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
House Democrats called on Wilson to issue a formal apology on the House floor. House Majority Whip Jim Clyburn who led the resolution said "This is about the rules of the House", while House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer said "What's at issue here is of importance to the House and of importance to the country...This House cannot stay silent". Wilson refused to make an apology in the House, saying in a televised interview that, "I believe one apology is sufficient." Congressional Republicans agreed, and opposed further action, with Minority Leader John Boehner saying "I think this is a sad day for the House of Representatives...I think this is a political stunt aimed at distracting the American people from what they really care about, which is health care." On September 15, the House approved a "resolution of disapproval" against Wilson, on 240–179 vote.
Several fact-checking organizations wrote that Wilson's views were inaccurate because HR 3200 expressly excludes undocumented aliens from receiving government-subsidized "affordability credits". However, the non-partisan Congressional Research Service agreed that people would need to be lawfully present in the U.S. in order to be eligible for the credits, but noted that the bill did not bar non-citizens from buying their own health insurance coverage through the health insurance exchange. The Obama administration said that, in the final bill, undocumented immigrants would not be able to participate in the Exchange.
In contrast to the criticism, many others strongly supported his actions, distrusting that the bill would actually exclude illegal aliens in practice, which allowed Joe Wilson to receive substantial political contributions and gain much notoriety.
Following the incident, both Wilson and Rob Miller, his subsequent 2010 general election opponent, experienced a significant upswing in campaign donations. In the week after Wilson's outburst, Miller raised $1.6 million, about three times his 2008 campaign, while Wilson raised $1.8 million. By September 30, 2009, Wilson had out-paced Miller's fundraising by $2.65 million to $1.69 million respectively. This fundraising surge led to Wilson writing fundraising letters for the Republican Party of Virginia and the National Republican Congressional Committee. Political observers described him as a "GOP fundraising star."
Other notable moments
On a 2002 live broadcast of the C-SPAN talk show Washington Journal, guests Wilson and Democratic congressman Bob Filner were discussing Iraqi weapons of mass destruction. When Filner noted that the US provided Iraq with "chemical and biological weapons" in the 1980s, Wilson stated that this idea was "made up" and commented to Filner, "This hatred of America by some people is just outrageous. And you need to get over that." Wilson apologized for his remarks in statements to the press.
In 2003, Essie Mae Washington-Williams revealed she was the daughter of Wilson's former employer, the late Senator Strom Thurmond, and Thurmond's black maid. Wilson was among those who publicly doubted her assertion that Thurmond had a child out of wedlock. Wilson said even if her story was true, she should not have revealed it because "it's a smear" on Thurmond's image and was a way to "diminish" Thurmond's legacy. After Thurmond's family acknowledged the truth of Washington-Williams' revelation, Wilson apologized, but said that he still thought that she should not have revealed that Thurmond was her father.
In November 2009, the New York Times reported that Representatives Wilson and Blaine Luetkemeyer made identical written statements, saying that "One of the reasons I have long supported the U.S. biotechnology industry is that it is a homegrown success story that has been an engine of job creation in this country. Unfortunately, many of the largest companies that would seek to enter the biosimilar market have made their money by outsourcing their research to foreign countries like India." The statement was originally drafted by lobbyists for Genentech, now a Swiss biotechnology firm, but founded, and still headquartered in San Francisco, California.
Wilson supported President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order to impose a temporary ban on entry to the U.S. to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries, saying that the order would "secure our borders and keep American families safe from terrorist attacks."
On April 10, 2017, a Wilson town hall meeting at Aiken Technical College in Graniteville, South Carolina was interrupted by activists chanting "you lie" as the Congressman asserted that the Affordable Care Act was causing people to be denied health services.
In 2018, a segment with Wilson aired as part of Sacha Baron Cohen's Showtime series, Who is America?. Wilson endorses “Kinderguardians,” a phony program to teach and arm schoolchildren as young as 3 to protect themselves in the classroom. Advocating for toddler carry, he states on camera “A 3-year-old cannot defend itself from an assault rifle by throwing a Hello Kitty pencil case at it”.
Wilson was elected in 2001 in a special election caused by the death of Floyd Spence, his former boss. Wilson once said that a dying Spence called him from his hospital bed and asked him to run.
In a crowded five-way Republican primary—the real contest in this heavily Republican district—Wilson tallied 75 percent of the vote, more than enough to win the nomination outright. He prevailed in the December 18 special election with 73 percent of the vote.
Wilson won election to a full term in 2002 with 84 percent of the vote, facing four minor-party candidates. He received 144,149 votes to 17,189 and 9,650 minor party candidates with 371 write-in votes.
Wilson was mentioned as a possible candidate for retiring Senator Fritz Hollings' seat in 2004, but he decided to run for a second full term and beat his opponents, Democrat Michael Ellisor and Constitution Party nominee Steve Lefemine, with 65 percent of the vote. Wilson got 181,862 votes to 93,249 for Democrat Ellisor, and 4,447 for minor party candidate Lefemine, with 312 write-ins.
In the 2006 elections, he defeated Ellisor again, gaining 62.7 percent of the vote, and kept his House seat.
Wilson won re-election in November 2008, defeating the Democratic nominee, Iraq War veteran Rob Miller, 54% to 46%. It was the closest race in the district in 20 years, and the closest race that Wilson had ever faced in 24 years as an elected official. He only survived by winning his native Lexington County by 33,000 votes, more than the overall margin of 26,000 votes.
Challenged by Democratic nominee Rob Miller, Libertarian nominee Eddie McCain, and Constitution Party nominee Marc Beaman, Wilson won re-election on November 2, 2010, defeating Miller 53% to 44%.
In the November 2012 general election, Joe Wilson ran unopposed and was re-elected with 96% of the vote.
Challenged by Democratic nominee Phil Black, and Labor Party nominee Harold Geddings III, Wilson won re-election on November 4, 2014, defeating Black 62% to 35%.
|Year||Democratic||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||4th Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|2000||Jane Frederick||110,672||41%||Floyd Spence *||154,338||57%||Timothy Moultrie||Libertarian||3,622||1%||George C. Taylor||Natural Law||2,273||1%|
|2001||Brent Weaver||14,034||25%||Joe Wilson||40,355||73%||Warren Eilertson||Libertarian||420||1%||Steve Lefemine||Constitution||404||1%|
|2002||(no candidate)||Joe Wilson||144,149||84%||Mark Whittington||United Citizens||17,189||10%||James R. Legg||Libertarian||9,650||6%|
|2004||Michael Ellisor||93,249||33%||Joe Wilson||181,862||65%||Steve Lefemine||Constitution||4,447||2%||Write-in||Candidates||312||0%|
|2006||Michael Ellisor||76,090||37%||Joe Wilson||127,811||63%||Write-in||Candidates||151||0%|
|2008||Rob Miller||158,627||46%||Joe Wilson||184,583||54%||Write-in||Candidates||276||0%|
|2010||Rob Miller||113,354||44%||Joe Wilson||138,755||53%||Eddie McCain||Libertarian||4,212||2%||Marc Beaman||Constitution||2,856||1%|
|2012||(no candidate)||Joe Wilson||196,116||96%||Write-in||Candidates||7,602||4%|
|2014||Phil Black||68,871||35%||Joe Wilson||121,891||62%||Harold Geddings III||Labor Party||4,173||2%||Write-in||Candidates||287||0%|
|2016||Arik Bjorn||109,452||35%||Joe Wilson||183,746||62%||Eddie McCain||American||11,444||3%||Write-in||Candidates||287||0%|
Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2000, write-ins received 71 votes. In 2001, write-ins received 1 vote. In 2002, write-ins received 371 votes. * Floyd Spence died in office, causing the 2001 special election to be held. Wilson served the remainder of the term.
This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Alan, the eldest son, is Attorney General for the state of South Carolina. He is a lieutenant colonel in the Army National Guard, having served a year as an intelligence officer in southern Iraq.
- Addison G. Wilson Jr. is a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and is a lieutenant commander and graduate of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences medical school.
- Julian Dusenbury Wilson is a graduate of Clemson University and is a captain in the Army National Guard. Julian is also part owner of Palmetto State Armory one of the largest distributors of assault rifles in the United States.
- Hunter Taylor Wilson is a graduate of Clemson University, where he was a member of the Army ROTC, Army National Guard and the Sigma Chi Fraternity.
In a 2005 guest article on Rediff.com, Wilson stated that his father Hugh was a member of the Flying Tigers in World War II. The Wilson family attends First Presbyterian Church in Columbia.
Wilson has been a member and former President or Chairman of the Cayce-West Columbia Rotary Club, Sheriff's Department Law Enforcement Advisory Council, Reserve Officers Association, Lexington County Historical Society, County Community and Resource Development Committee, American Heart Association, Mid-Carolina Mental Health Association, and NationsBank Lexington Advisory Board.
Wilson has also been a member of the Columbia World Affairs Council, Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Woodmen of the World, Sons of Confederate Veterans, American Legislative Exchange Council, Navy League, AMVETS, Association of the US Army, National Guard Association, Air Force Association, American Legion and Boy Scouts of America.
- Staff. "Once a Soldier... Always a Soldier" (PDF). Legislative Agenda. Association of the United States Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 21, 2013. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- "Joe Wilson – Congressman Joe Wilson's Biography". Joewilson.house.gov. July 31, 1947. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
- "CNN, Politics, retrieved 14 September 2009". Cnn.com. September 10, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "Carter: Obama a target for racism". English.aljazeera.net. 2009-09-16. Retrieved October 7, 2010.
- Phillips, Kate (September 9, 2009). "House Admonishes Wilson on Outburst". The New York Times. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- "Joe Wilson". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- "Sigma Nu". Sigmanu.wlu.edu. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- "Joe Wilson | Congressional votes database". Projects.washingtonpost.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
- "Joe Wilson's Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Joe Wilson – Congressman Joe Wilson's Biography". Joewilson.house.gov. July 31, 1947. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
- "Project Vote Smart – Representative Addison Graves 'Joe' Wilson Sr. – Biography". Votesmart.org. July 31, 1947. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "Wilson, Addison Graves "Joe"". Our Campaigns. September 10, 2009. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- "The Right Goes Viral". The Nation. October 21, 2009. Retrieved October 7, 2010.
- "South Carolina General Assembly Bill S0150". Scstatehouse.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "South Carolina General Assembly Bill S0283". Scstatehouse.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "South Carolina General Assembly Bill S0634". Scstatehouse.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "Rep. Joe Wilson said "the Confederate heritage is very honorable" during SC flag dispute". Facing South. The Institute for Southern Studies. Archived from the original on September 14, 2009. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
- "Armed Services Committee – Military Personnel". house.gov. House Armed Services Committee. January 13, 2013. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- "Armed Services Committee – Strategic Forces". house.gov. House Armed Services Committee. January 13, 2013. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- "Members, Subcommittees & Jurisdictions". house.gov. Education & the Workforce Committee. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- "Subcommittee on Europe". house.gov. United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on November 4, 2009. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- "Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia". house.gov. United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on October 7, 2009. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- "Member List". Republican Study Committee. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
- "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
- "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- "Members". Congressional Constitution Caucus. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
- "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Project Vote Smart – Representative Addison Graves 'Joe' Wilson Sr. – Interest Group Ratings". Votesmart.org. December 18, 2001. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
- Shaw, Donny (September 11, 2009). "Joe Wilson Voted to Provide Taxpayer Money for Illegal Immigrants' Healthcare". OpenCongress.org. Archived from the original on September 12, 2009. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- "Addison (Joe) Wilson". GovTrack.us. Retrieved November 2, 2009.
- "Thomas (Library of Congress): H.R. 1973". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "Thomas (Library of Congress): HR 4411". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "Thomas (Library of Congress): HR 4777". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "Public Law 110-185 – Economic Stimulus Act of 2008". gpo.gov. February 13, 2008. Retrieved November 21, 2009.
- "PUBLIC LAW 111–5—" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. February 17, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 14, 2009. Retrieved November 21, 2009.
- James Rosen, "Joe Wilson Biography" Archived September 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., The State, September 10, 2009
- Batty, David (September 10, 2009). "'You lie': Republican Joe Wilson's outburst at Obama health speech". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
- "Obama's Health Care Speech to Congress". New York Times. September 9, 2009. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- "Wilson Apologizes After Accusing Obama of a 'Lie'". Bloomberg. September 10, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- "Obama heckled by GOP during speech to Congress". Associated Press. September 10, 2009. Archived from the original on September 16, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- Politico:"A voice from the floor on illegal immigrants: 'Lie'". Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- "The Huffington Post: "GOP Rep Joe Wilson Yells Out "Lie" During Obama Health Care Speech To Congress (VIDEO)". Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- Spillius, Alex (September 10, 2009). "Barack Obama health care speech: Republican calls president a liar". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- Der Spiegel, Web-Gemeinde schimpft auf Obamas Störenfried 10.09.2009 (German), Le Monde Réforme de la santé : les Etats-Unis découvrent le "combattant" Obama. 10.09.09 (French – dubs him "Joe 'You Lie' Wilson"), El País, Obama: "Ha llegado el momento de aprobar la reforma sanitaria". 10.09.09 (Spanish).
- Time, September 10, 2009, "'You Lie!': Representative Wilson's Outburst"
- "FOX News coverage of Wilson controversy". Foxnews.com. September 11, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- Hulse, Carl (September 11, 2009). "In Lawmaker's Outburst, a Rare Breach of Protocol". The New York Times.
- "CNN.com – Transcripts". Transcripts.cnn.com. September 9, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- The Daily Voice: "South Carolina Rep. Joe Wilson calls the President a liar during speech" Archived September 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- "Wilson apologizes: 'I let my emotions get the best of me'". Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (September 10, 2009). "Obama Accepts Wilson's Apology". New York Times. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- "Lawmaker won't apologize to Obama in Congress | U.S." Reuters. February 9, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "Joe Wilson: 'One Apology Is Sufficient'". YouTube. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- Soraghan, Mike (September 12, 2009). "DeMint: No more apologizing for Wilson". The Hill. Retrieved September 22, 2009.
- Isenstadt, Alex (September 15, 2009). "House passes resolution of disapproval". Politico. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- "Obama's Health Care Speech". FactCheck.org. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "Joe Wilson of South Carolina said Obama lied, but he didn't". PolitiFact. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive – CNN Truth Squad: Will health bill pay for illegal immigrants? An update " – Blogs from CNN.com". Politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com. August 27, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- "Treatment of Noncitizens in H.R. 3200" (PDF). CRS Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service. August 25, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 18, 2010. Retrieved November 21, 2009.
- "Republicans Cite Report To Support Illegal Alien Health Care Charge". National Public Radio. September 10, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- Herszenhorn, David M. (September 11, 2009). "Illegal Immigrants Could Not Buy Insurance on New 'Exchange,' White House Says". The New York Times. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- HealthiNation. "News on Yahoo! Health". Health.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on December 23, 2009. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- "What's in Baucus' health care proposal?". CNN. September 16, 2009. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- "Joe Wilson's "You Lie!" Spurs Support, Criticism". CBS News. 2009-09-11. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- "Congressional Elections: South Carolina District 02 Race: 2008 Cycle". OpenSecrets. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- Bailey, Holly (September 17, 2008). "How Joe Wilson's Heckle Became a Campaign Cash Cow". Newsweek. Archived from the original on February 4, 2010. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
- Mark Murray (September 23, 2009). "VA GOPers Get Joe Wilson's Help". First Read. msnbc.com. Archived from the original on September 26, 2009. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- Mark Murray (September 25, 2009). "Joe Wilson, GOP Celebrity?". First Read. msnbc.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2009. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- Alex Koppelman (September 25, 2009). "Joe Wilson turns GOP fundraising star". Salon. Archived from the original on September 27, 2009. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- "Joe Wilson Becomes GOP Fundraising Star". myfoxdc.com. Associated Press. September 25, 2009. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
- "Wilson accuses California congressman of hating America", Associated Press, September 26, 2002
- Lloyd Grove, "The Reliable Source", Washington Post, September 25, 2002.
- Jennifer Talhelm, "Most Say Revelation Won't Alter Thurmond's Legacy", The State, December 14, 2003
- Jennifer Talhelm and Aaron Gould Shinin, "Critics of Thurmond's Daughter Change Tune", The State, December 19, 2003
- Pear, Robert (15 November 2009). "In House, Many Spoke With One Voice: Lobbyists'". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- Blake, Aaron (January 31, 2017). "Coffman, Gardner join Republicans against President Trump's travel ban; here's where the rest stand". Washington Post.
- Bromwich, Jonah Engel (12 April 2017). "Congressman Who Shouted 'You Lie' at Obama Hears the Same From Constituents". The New York Times. p. A15. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- Stuever, Hank (July 15, 2018). "Sacha Baron Cohen still knows how to punk America, but his new show erodes what little trust we have left". Washington Post. Washington DC. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Hale, Mike (July 15, 2018). "Review: Sacha Baron Cohen Is Back. Should We Care?". New York Times. New York. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Philip Rucker and Ann Gerhart, "The Gentlemen From South Carolina: State Has a History of Rowdy Politics", Washington Post, September 11, 2009.
- AP.org; retrieved April 10, 2008.
- South Carolina Election Commission official web site, go to the page for November 5, 2002 general election; retrieved April 10, 2008.
- South Carolina Election Commission official web site, go to the page for November 2, 2004 general election; retrieved April 10, 2008.
- Wilson received 127,811 votes to Ellisor's 76,090 votes, with 151 write-ins. See South Carolina Election Commission official web site, go to the page for November 7, 2006 general election. Retrieved April 10, 2008.
- "U.S. House". USA Today. November 5, 2008. p. A16.
- Official candidate list SC Secretary of State
- "South Carolina Election Commission Official Results". West Virginia Secretary of State. November 4, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "2014 Statewide General Election RSS". Enr-scvotes.org. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- First Presbyterian of Columbia website Archived July 1, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., firstprescola.com; accessed January 16, 2017.
- Wilson, Joe (September 28, 2005). "Where the world is without fear". Rediff. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
- Congressman Joe Wilson official U.S. House site
- Joe Wilson for U.S. Congress
- Joe Wilson at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- "Congressman with military ties backs Iraq war" Darran Simon, Medill News Service, February 18, 2004
- "Don’t Turn Back the Page on Border Security" Op-ed by Joe Wilson, Palmetto Scoop, February 3, 2008
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 2nd congressional district
December 18, 2001 – present
|Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority