|Joel Allen Dewey|
Joel Allen Dewey
September 20, 1840|
|Died||June 17, 1873
|Place of burial||Dandridge Revolutionary War Graveyard, Dandridge, Tennessee|
|Allegiance||United States of America
||United States Army
|Years of service||1861 - 1866|
|Commands held||111th U.S. Colored Infantry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Joel Allen Dewey (September 20, 1840 – June 17, 1873) was a Union Army colonel during the American Civil War. He was appointed a brigadier general of volunteers in November 1865, after the conclusion of the war, but he was mustered out on January 31, 1866 before his appointment was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on February 23, 1866. He was a post-war lawyer and district attorney general in Tennessee.
Dewey was born in Georgia, Vermont, the son of Horace and Harriet (Peck) Dewey. He entered Oberlin College in 1858, but withdrew in October 1861 when he accepted a commission as 2nd Lieutenant in the 58th Ohio Infantry. He was promoted to captain and served in the 43rd Ohio Infantry. Dewey was engaged at New Madrid, Iuka, Corinth, and on garrison duty in Tennessee.
He was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 111th U.S. Colored Infantry. He led a brigade in operations in Alabama, and was captured by Nathan Forrest's cavalry near Athens, Georgia. After he was exchanged, he served in Alabama and Tennessee for the remainder of the war. He was promoted to brigadier general of U.S. Volunteers on November 20, 1865, at the young age of 25, although his nomination was not sent to the U.S. Senate by President Andrew Johnson until January 13, 1866 and the U.S. Senate did not confirm the appointment until February 23, 1866. He resigned from the volunteer service on January 1, 1866, having declined a captaincy in the Regular Army. He was mustered out on January 31, 1866.
After the war, he studied law at the Albany, New York, Law School, graduating in 1867, and moved to Dandridge, Tennessee, where he practiced law. He was Attorney General of the Second District of Tennessee from 1869 until his death in 1873, in Knoxville, Tennessee. He is buried in Dandridge, Tennessee.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 720
- Miller, Charles Q. The official and political manual of the state of Tennessee. Nashville, Tennessee: Marshall and Bruce, 1890. OCLC 7182776. Retrieved December 2, 2011. p. 190
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- Miller, Charles Q. The official and political manual of the state of Tennessee. Nashville, Tennessee: Marshall and Bruce, 1890. OCLC 7182776. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Johnson, Rossiter, ed., Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Boston, Massachusetts: The Biographical Society, 1904.