|Nationality||New Zealand, United Kingdom|
|Alma mater||University of Canterbury|
|School or tradition||Sunni Islam|
|Main interests||war and strategy; airpower, joint warfare, Quranic (Islamic) concepts of war; fiction; poetry.|
|Notable ideas||Active in opposing terrorism and radicalisation|
Joel Hayward  writer and Muslim poet whom the daily newspaper Al Kaleej calls "a world authority on international conflict and strategy". He is best known for his published books and articles on strategic and security matters, including the use of air power, his 2003 biography of Horatio Lord Nelson, his writing and teaching on the Quranic (Islamic) concepts of war, strategy and conflict, and his works of fiction and poetry.(born 1964) is a New Zealand-born British "noted scholar of war and strategy",
In November 2012 he became full Professor of International and Civil Security at Khalifa University in Abu Dhabi and in 2013 he became Chair of the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Khalifa. He also serves there as the Director of the Institute of International and Civil Security. Earlier in 2012, he was a Senior Fellow at the Markfield Institute of Higher Education and a Research Fellow of the Cambridge Muslim College. His career highlights include having been Dean of the Royal Air Force College, Cranwell for five years (2007-2011), a Director of the Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies think-tank for four years (2008-2012), and the academic Head of Air Power Studies at King's College London for six years (2005-2011). He is a Professor of Strategy at the Indonesian Defense University and he holds fellowships from the United States Air Force and the Federal Government of Germany. He is a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Arts and the Royal Historical Society. With the title of Shaykh he has earned ijazas in ʿAqīdah and Sirah.
Education at University of Canterbury
In 1988 Hayward enrolled with the University of Canterbury in Christchurch to pursue a Bachelor of Arts degree in Classics and History, which he received on 8 May 1991. Following this, he commenced a Master's Degree program in 1991. For his thesis, Hayward analyzed the historiography of Holocaust denial. Hayward was also required to complete four honours papers, which he wrote during 1992. These papers (awarded an A-, two As, and an A+) together constituted half of Hayward's master's program. Hayward's thesis was written in 1991, prior to his four honours papers, with the conclusion written in early 1993. His M.A. in History with First Class Honours was conferred on 7 May 1993. His thesis was judged the best history thesis of his year and it won him the Sir James Hight Memorial Prize for "excellence" and the honour of wearing the Philip Ross May Gown at the graduation ceremony.
Awarded a scholarship, Hayward went on to pursue a Ph.D. degree, also at University of Canterbury, again under the supervision of Vincent Orange. His topic was an analysis of German air operations during the eastern campaigns of World War II, based on unpublished German archival sources. In 1994, the U.S. Air Force Historical Research Agency, located within the Air University at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, awarded him a research fellowship to conduct research for his dissertation in its archives. He subsequently received a research fellowship from the Federal Government of Germany which enabled him to conduct primary research in the German Military Archives in Freiburg, Germany. Hayward was awarded his Ph.D. in 1996. His dissertation, Seeking the Philosopher's Stone: Luftwaffe Operations during Hitler's Drive to the East, 1942–1943 became the basis of his first book, Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943., which was acclaimed upon its publication in 1998.
Academic and professional career
In June 1996 Hayward joined the History Department of Massey University (Palmerston North Campus) as a Lecturer in Defence and Strategic Studies, receiving promotion to Senior Lecturer in August 1999. He specialized in the theoretical and conceptual aspects of modern warfare, airpower, joint doctrines, and manoeuvre warfare. He continued in that position until June 2002. He was made Head of the Defence and Strategic Studies program.
While at Massey, Hayward convened annual defence conferences. He also edited a book based on one of the conferences' themes: Joint Future? The Move to Jointness and Its Implications for the New Zealand Defence Force.
From 1997 to 2004 he was also a lecturer at the Officer Cadet School of the New Zealand Army, where he taught military history from Alexander the Great to the Balkan Wars, and at the Command and Staff College of the Royal New Zealand Air Force, where he taught airpower history and doctrine and supervised advanced research in military history. During the same period he also taught strategic thought at the Royal New Zealand Naval College. He also wrote academic articles for defence and strategic studies publications.
Work in the United Kingdom
Hayward lived and worked in the United Kingdom from 2004 to 2012 first teaching strategy and operational art at the Joint Services Command and Staff College. In November 2005 he became the head of the newly created Air Power Studies Division, a specialist unit of Defence Studies academics established by the Royal Air Force and King's College London at the Royal Air Force College, Cranwell. Hayward was appointed Dean of the RAF College, Cranwell in April 2007. He was a Director of the Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies, the Air Force's national thinktank. He was also a member of the CAS Air Power Workshop, a small and highly select working group of scholars and other theorists convened by the Chief of Air Staff (the head of the Royal Air Force.)
He is a member of the editorial advisory boards of the academic journals, Air Power Review and Global War Studies. He taught on air power concepts at various staff colleges and universities throughout Europe and in 2007 taught a course on "Air Power and Ethics" in Trondheim, Norway, to the Norwegian Air Force On 13 May 2009 he was a keynote speaker at the 2009 Air Power Asia conference in Singapore, where he spoke on "Air Power And Ecology: Destruction Of Enemies But Not The Environment". He convened an international academic conference on that subject — the environmental impact of modern air warfare — in August 2009. In October 2010 he spoke at the Global Peace and Unity (GPU) conference in London, attended by 80,000 people, on the subject: "War & Ethics: The Compatibility of 'Western' and Islamic Thought".
Hayward gave strategic advice to political and military leaders in several countries, gave policy advice to various Islamic sheikhs, and tutored His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales. In 2011 Hayward was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and in 2012 he was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.
Islam and anti-radicalisation
A Muslim who teaches at anti-extremism workshops, Hayward converted to Islam in 2005. He supports Muslims serving in the British armed forces and is a member of the UK Armed Forces Muslim Association. He has written regular politics-related columns in Emel and other Islamic magazines. In an article critical of some ostensible Muslim anger seen online, Hayward describes himself as "a moderate and politically liberal revert who chose to embrace the faith of Islam because of its powerful spiritual truths, its emphasis on peace and justice, its racial and ethnic inclusiveness and its charitable spirit towards the poor and needy." In 2010, he wrote the Introduction to Shaykh Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri's Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings (London: Minhaj-ul-Quran International). Hayward, who sharply criticizes all Islamic terrorism in the fatwa's introduction, shares Tahir-ul-Qadri's scholarly assessment "that regardless of any motives, terrorism can never be supported and is in fact condemned by the Holy Quran and the Sunnah." In 2011 Qadri appointed Hayward to a senior role as his (and Minhaj-ul-Quran's) Strategic Policy Advisor, although he ceased that role when he moved to the Middle East.
Hayward also wrote and formally signed the London Declaration, a Muslim public statement issued under the auspices of Minhaj-ul-Quran which unequivocally condemns all extremism and terrorism, "because at the heart of all religions is a belief in the sanctity of the lives of the innocent." The Declaration adds: "The indiscriminate nature of terrorism, which has in recent years killed far more civilians and other non-combatants than it has combatants, is un-Islamic, un-Judaic, un-Christian and it is indeed incompatible with the true teachings of all faiths." The London Declaration also "unequivocally condemn[s] anti-Semitism (including when sometimes it is disingenuously clothed as anti-Zionism), Islamophobia (including when it is sometimes disingenuously dressed up as patriotism) and all other forms of racism and xenophobia."
In October 2013, Hayward won substantial damages in a successful libel case against the Mail on Sunday and the Daily Mail, which had originally criticised what it claimed were Hayward’s Islamic views whilst Dean of the RAF College. The Mail’s apology of 13 October 2013 stated: "On 7 and 8 August 2011 we suggested that the beliefs of Dr Joel Hayward, then the Dean of the RAF College Cranwell, prevented him from fulfilling his duty of impartiality and fairness as a teacher in the RAF" and had caused him "to show undue favouritism to Islamic students and spend too much time on Islamic activities. We now accept that these allegations are untrue. We apologise to Dr Hayward and have paid a substantial sum to him in damages."
Work in the United Arab Emirates
In November 2012, Hayward became full Professor of International and Civil Security in Khalifa University's Institute for International and Civil Security. In 2013 he became Chair of the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Khalifa. He also serves there as the Director of the Institute of International and Civil Security. In 2014 he received two ijazas, which are the permission certificates or licenses used by Sunni shaykhs to indicate that they have authorized someone to transmit a certain topic of Islamic knowledge. Hayward also researches comparative religions and studies the scriptures of the three Abrahamic faiths in their original languages (Hebrew, Greek and Arabic). Hayward performed the Hajj pilgrimage in 2014. In 2014 he also joined the Editorial Board of the Islamic Studies journal, Islamic Rethink. On 5 October 2016 he was named as the "Best Professor of Humanities and Social Sciences" at the 2016 Middle East Education Leadership Awards. He praises the tolerance and inclusiveness of the UAE: "Here the Islam that’s practised is gentle and moderate. It’s a beautiful experience to live as a Muslim in the UAE. It’s liberating and wonderful."
Controversy over M.A. thesis
Hayward's 1991 prize-winning M.A. thesis was submitted in 1993 yet was unavailable for public study until 1999. When it became available, it ignited controversy. Hayward was accused of advancing arguments which gave credence to Holocaust deniers. In 2000, at the request of the New Zealand Jewish Council, the University of Canterbury convened a "Working Party" which issued a report admonishing the university for inadequately supervising Hayward's work. The report found that Hayward's thesis "demonstrates impressive industry and intelligence" and did not "establish dishonesty" on his part, but it was also "seriously flawed". Subsequent to the issuance of the Working Party's report, the university apologized to the New Zealand Jewish community, as Hayward also had earlier in the year. Hayward has always repudiated the errors in his thesis, saying that they were the result of inadequate scholarly preparation for such a complex topic, but Holocaust deniers initially cited the thesis as evidence of academic support for their positions. In 2000, Holocaust denier David Irving praised Hayward's work as a "landmark in the turning of the tide in the favour of historical revisionism".
Despite these issues, Hayward clearly upholds the sound and accepted scholarly assessment of the Holocaust. In 2010 he described it as "one of history’s vilest crimes … involving the organised murder of millions of Jews" and in 2011 he similarly wrote: "The Holocaust of the Jews in the Second World War, one of history’s vilest crimes, involved the organised murder of six million Jews by Germans and others who considered themselves Christians or at least members of the Christian value system." Likewise, in his 2012 book, Warfare in the Quran, he criticised "the undoubted evils of Nazism". In a 2018 interview, he said: “I can’t help but conclude that humans are, by and large, rather unkind to each other and sometimes utterly hateful. … How else can we explain ordinary German soldiers and paramilitary people murdering six million Jewish civilians in history’s greatest atrocity?”
Hayward has authored or co-authored many peer reviewed journal articles pertaining to strategic matters, including "Stalingrad: An Examination of Hitler’s Decision to Airlift" which the U.S. Air Force published in both English and Spanish, and "The Qur’an and War: Observations on Islamic Just War", published in the official RAF academic journal, Air Power Review, Vol. 13, No. 3, Autumn/Winter 2010, pp. 41–63.
Hayward is the author or editor of eight books of non-fiction, including Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943 (1998 and subsequent editions). An assessment of aerial warfare at the Battle of Stalingrad, Stopped at Stalingrad was acclaimed upon its release. The Readers Guide to Military History describes the book as "a magnificently researched study … [which] provides the best available account of the disastrous Stalingrad airlift." The book is "an advanced and exhaustive work that will become a standard in the field once it is better known." It was favorably reviewed in, amongst other places, the Times Literary Supplement and the journal War in History. In 2015, Hayward published the first Polish translation of this book as Zatrzymani pod Stalingradem: Klęska Luftwaffe i Hitlera na wschodzie 1942-1943.
Hayward's biography of naval commander Horatio Lord Nelson, For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War (2003), likewise received positive notices, with one reviewer recommending it as "a fascinating work of strategic philosophy. ... The result is surprisingly persuasive. [Its arguments] are thought-provoking and, in places, offer fresh ways of understanding what happened." It was rated as "outstanding" by members of the 2004 University Press Books Committee, a rating defined "as having exceptional editorial content and subject matter" and considered essential to most library collections.
Hayward's 2009 book Air Power, Insurgency and the War on Terror was similarly praised. Reviewing it for The Journal of Military History, Michael Robert Terry "strongly" recommended it, noting that it provides "thought provoking reading" and "much needed critical thinking" on the complex utility of air power within counter-insurgency wars.
In 2013, the US Air Force published his edited book, Air Power and the Environment: the Ecological Implications of Modern Air Warfare. The Gulf Today newspaper called it "innovative" and a "ground-breaking book highlighting the environmental impact of the world’s air forces." In 2013, the American Library Association selected this book as one of that year’s ‘Notable Government Documents’, an annual award list “designed to recognize excellence and raise awareness of information resources produced by all levels of government and promote their use”.
In 2017, the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought's Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre (RISSC) in Amman, Jordan, published Hayward's short book, "War is Deceit": An Analysis of a Contentious Hadith on the Morality of Military Deception. In 2018, the RISSC published Hayward's monograph, Civilian Immunity in Foundational Islamic Strategic Thought: A Historical Enquiry in both English and Arabic editions.
Fiction and poetry
In 2003, Totem Press published Hayward's Jenny Green Teeth and Other Short Stories (which the Evening Standard reviewed as "superb ... Deep, brooding and intense. ... This is storytelling, and New Zealand fiction, at its best") as well as a volume of poetry called Lifeblood (which the Evening Standard reviewed as "memorable and insightful"). Hayward once made both volumes available as free downloads through his website.
The Southern Ocean Review wrote of Jenny Green Teeth: "This is a stunning book of short stories, for their sheer variety and depth, and also strength of language. … Hayward writes with an eye to truth and justice and historical accuracy. It is up to us to know what to do with writing as superb as this. Can we learn?" The Chaff reviewer wrote of Jenny Green Teeth: "Hayward's eclectic poetry reflects his enigmatic mind. ... His poems are passionate and full of rich images and exert a strong and dignified intelligence. Hayward exerts a courageous strength, rebelling against his past creative constraints, and in perhaps a flush of originality and ambitious flair, has achieved a work of art."
Hayward has continued to publish poems steadily over the years, including, recently, in Damazine and Contemporary World Literature, and his second major collection of poems ― titled Splitting the Moon: A Collection of Islamic Poetry ― was published by Kube in April 2012. The Muslim News reviewer wrote: "Joel Hayward is a very skilful and gifted poet whose way with words is impressive. His poems are easy to understand, highly pertinent and equally spiritually profound. ... They also provide a powerful commentary on the social, political, moral and religious challenges and difficulties currently facing Muslims and non-Muslims alike. ... [Hayward] is able to blend the personal, emotional, spiritual and existential dimensions of human experience, and do so without in any way over-playing or undermining any aspect. This is a very rare skill for a poet to possess."
In 2012 Hayward also published a mini-book, No Lamp in the Cave: Three Islamic Short Stories.
In 2017 he published his third poetry collection, Poems from the Straight Path: A Book of Islamic Verse. Abdal Hakim Murad, the British sheikh and scholar, praised it: "Hayward's new collection reveals remarkable range and skill. He stalks his quarry indirectly, startling the reader when he reveals his target. Sacralized by an Islamic incense this is a new and strong English poetic voice." Rafey Habib of Rutger's University likewise praised the book: "In a world where the very word 'Islam' has become the site of intense, loud-voiced, and often violent ideological struggle, the poetry of Joel Hayward offers a world of calm but powerfully poetic reflection on a cluster of themes that lie at the heart of Muslim experiences today. Hayward evokes exquisitely the process of creation, the qualities of God, and the characteristics of His prophet … The decline of the Muslim world community and the hypocrisy of religious fanatics are graphically described using dramatic twists and verbal irony. Hayward powerfully portrays the hijacking of Islam, again in striking imagery." Reviewing Poems from the Straight Path, the UK magazine Passion Islam wrote that "Hayward’s journey of exploration, transformation and illumination forms the beating heart of this moving collection of poetry." It called the book "a timely and important work that reveals the struggle and profound insights of someone bridging cultures and faith traditions."
His fourth poetry collection, Pain and Passing: Islamic Poems of Grief and Healing (Swansea: Claritas Books), appeared in early 2018. It deals with the death of his wife Kathy. In an interview, Hayward described this as “undoubtedly the hardest book I’ve ever written," adding that it was nonetheless a cathartic experience. “After Kathy died I felt I had to write; to release what was fighting inside to get out. I wrote every day, even when tired or busy, and tried to stay responsive to the poems’ need for life."
In 2018, Jordanian publisher Dar Al-Shorouk published a book of Hayward's short stories in Arabic as جني ذات الأسنان الخضراء وقصص قصيرة أُخرى  Dar Al-Shorouk published another collection as: وحشيّ وغيرها من القصص الإسلامية القصيرة.
Also in 2018, Claritas Books published The Savage: and other Islamic Short Stories. Regarding the genre of Islamic fiction, Hayward said in a June 2018 interview on his publisher’s website that the key "is to see that even within the Islamic tradition there are safe creative spaces into which one can insert fiction. But one has to remember of course, never to attribute to any prophet or esteemed personage something they never said or did. That’s where my background as a historian of Islam really helps. I know the sources. I know what they say happened. I therefore know the boundaries of fictional storytelling.
- (1998). Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943. Modern War Studies series. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0700608768.
- (2000). (edited). A Joint Future? The Move to Jointness and its Implications for the New Zealand Defence Force. Massey University, Centre for Defence Studies.
- (2000). Adolf Hitler and Joint Warfare. Military Studies Institute Working Papers Series No. 2/2000. Military Studies Institute, New Zealand Defence Force.
- (2003). For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War. Annapolis, MD: U.S. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-351-9.
- (2003). (edited with Glyn Harper). Born to Lead? Portraits of New Zealand Commanders. Auckland: Exisle Publishing. ISBN 0-908988-33-8.
- (2006). Stalingrad. Pen & Sword Battleground series. London: Millennium. ISBN 1-84415-474-2.
- (2009). (edited). Air Power, Insurgency and the "War on Terror". Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies. ISBN 978-0-9552189-6-5.
- (2012). Warfare in The Qur’an. English Monograph Series — Book No. 14. Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, Amman, Jordan. ISBN 978-9957-428-50-1.
- (2013). (edited). Air Power and the Environment: the Ecological Implications of Modern Air Warfare. Air University Press. ISBN 978-1-58566-223-4.
- (2015). Zatrzymani pod Stalingradem: Klęska Luftwaffe i Hitlera na wschodzie 1942-1943. Warsaw: 2015. ISBN 9788378892946.
- (2017). "War is Deceit": An Analysis of a Contentious Hadith on the Morality of Military Deception. English Monograph Series — Book No. 24. Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, Amman, Jordan. ISBN 978-9957-635-17-6.
- (2018). Civilian Immunity in Foundational Islamic Strategic Thought: A Historical Enquiry. English Monograph Series — Book No. 25. Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, Amman, Jordan. ISBN 978-9957-635-29-9.
- (2018). الحصانة المدنية في الفكر الاستراتيجي الإسلامي التأسيسي : تحقيقٌ تاريخي . Arabic Monograph Series. Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, Amman, Jordan. ISBN 978-9957-635-27-5.
Fiction and poetry
- (2003). Jenny Green Teeth and other short stories. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Totem Press. ISBN 0-9582446-3-4.
- (2003). Lifeblood: A Book of Poems. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Totem Press. ISBN 0-9582446-1-8.
- (2012). Splitting the Moon: A Collection of Islamic Poetry. Leicester: Kube Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84774-034-2.
- (2012). No Lamp in the Cave: Three Islamic Short Stories. CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1477451304.
- (2017). Poems from the Straight Path: A Book of Islamic Verse. Ashland, Oregon: White Cloud Press. ISBN 9781940468532.
- (2018). Pain and Passing: Islamic Poems of Grief and Healing (Swansea: Claritas Books) ISBN 978-1905837-50-2.
- (2018). جني ذات الأسنان الخضراء وقصص قصيرة أُخرى. (Amman: Dar Al-Shorouk, 2018). ISBN 9957-00-691-6.
- (2018). وحشيّ وغيرها من القصص الإسلامية القصيرة (Amman: Dar Al-Shorouk, 2018). ISBN 978-9957-00-705-8.
- (2018). The Savage: and other Islamic Short Stories (Swansea: Claritas Books) ISBN 978-1905837-11-3.
- (Expected Fall or Winter). A "Bomb and Pray" War: Explaining Yugoslavia's Stubborn Resistance to NATO Coercion in 1999.
- "Prophet and Warrior: The Conduct and Justice of Muhammad’s Military Campaigns". Kube Publishers. ISBN 978-0-86037-469-5.
- (2010). Introduction to Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings. London: Minhaj Publications, pp. xxvii - xxxiii.
- (2015). Preface to Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, The Supreme Jihad. London: Minhaj Publications, pp. v - xiii. ISBN 978-1-908229-31-1.
- (2008). "The Luftwaffe’s Agility: An assessment of Relevant Concepts and Practices" in Neville Parton, editor, Air Power: The Agile Air Force. Royal Air Force. HMSO. ISBN 0-9552189-1-8. pp. 40–49.
- (2009). "Air Power: The Quest to remove Battle from War" in John Buckley and George Kassimeris, editors, The Ashgate Companion to Modern Warfare. London: Ashgate, 2009. ISBN 978-0-7546-7410-8. pp. 49–72.
- (2013). "Warfare in the Qur’an" in HRH Prince Ghazi bin Muhammad, Ibrahim Kalin and Mohammad Hashim Kamali, editors, War and Peace in Islam: The Uses and Abuses of Jihad (Amman: Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre / Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought), pp. 28–56.
- (2013). "Air Power and the Environment: Some Ecological Implications of Modern Warfare", in Joel Hayward, ed., Air Power and the Environment: The Ecological Consequences of Modern Air Warfare. Montgomery, Alabama: Air University Press. pp. 197–224.
Journal articles (selection)
This is a selection of Hayward's peer-reviewed articles.
- (1991) "Holocaust Revisionism in New Zealand: The 'Thinking Man's Anti-Semitism?'" In Without Prejudice, 4 (December 1991): 38-49.
- (1995). "Hitler's Quest for Oil: The Impact of Economic Considerations on Military Strategy, 1941–42." The Journal of Strategic Studies 18(4): 94-135. December 1995. Reprinted in Jeremy Black, ed., The Second World War, Volume I: The German War 1939–1942 (London: Ashgate Publishing, 2007), pp. 441–482.
- (1997). "Stalingrad: An Examination of Hitler’s Decision to Airlift." Airpower Journal 11(1): 21–37. Spring 1997. Also published by the U.S. Air Force in a Portuguese translation as "Estalingrado: Um Exame da Decisão de Hitler a Respeito do Transporte Aéreo."
- (1997). "The German Use of Airpower at Kharkov, May 1942." Air Power History 44(2): 18–29. Summer 1997.
- (1997). "Von Richthofen's 'giant fire-magic': The Luftwaffe's Contribution to the Battle of Kerch, 1942." The Journal of Slavic Military Studies 10(2): 97–124. June 1997.
- (1998). "A Case Study in Effective Command: An Analysis of Field Marshal Richthofen's Character and Career." New Zealand Army Journal 18: 7–18. January 1998.
- (1999). "NATO's War in the Balkans: A Preliminary Analysis." New Zealand Army Journal 21: 1–17. July 1999.
- (1999). "Adolf Eichmann" (article), in John Sandford, ed., The Routledge Encyclopedia of Contemporary German Culture. Routledge.
- (1999). "Simon Wisenthal" (article), in John Sandford, ed., The Routledge Encyclopedia of Contemporary German Culture. Routledge.
- (1999). "A Case Study in Early Joint Warfare: An Analysis of the Wehrmacht's Crimean Campaign of 1942." The Journal of Strategic Studies 22(4): 103–130. December 1999. Also in German translation as "Eine Fallstudie früher integrierter Kriegführung: Eine Analyse des Krimfeldzuges der Wehrmacht im Jahre 1942." Reprinted in Jeremy Black, ed., The Second World War, Volume I: The German War 1939–1942 (London: Ashgate, 2007), pp. 483–510.
- (2000). "Leonard Henry Trent", Vol. 5, The Dictionary of New Zealand Biography (Auckland University Press, 2000), pp. 515–526.
- (2000). "Too Little, Too Late: An Analysis of Hitler's Failure in August 1942 to Damage Soviet Oil Production." The Journal of Military History 64(3): 769–794. July 2000. Also in Spanish translation as "Demasiado Poco, Demasiado Tarde: Un Análisis del Fracaso de Hitler en Agos-to de 1942 de Dañar la Producción Pe-trolífera Soviética." Reprinted in Jeremy Black, ed., The Second World War, Volume I: The German War 1939–1942 (London: Ashgate, 2007), pp. 511–536.
- (2001). "Adolf Hitler 1889-1945: German Dictator and War Leader", in Charles Messenger, ed., Reader’s Guide to Military History (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001), pp. 229–233.
- (2001). "Horatio Lord Nelson's Warfighting Style and the Maneuver Warfare Paradigm." Defence Studies 1(2): 15–37. Summer 2001.
- (2002). "Prayers Before Battle: The Spiritual Utterances of Three Great Commanders." US Army Chaplaincy Journal (Winter-Spring 2002), pp. 32–40.
- (2002). "Current and Future Command Challenges for New Zealand Defence Force Personnel." Australian Defence Force Journal 155: 39–45. July/August 2002.
- (2009). "Air Power and the Environment: The Ecological Implications of Modern Air Warfare." Air Power Review 12(3): 15–41. Autumn 2009.
- (2010). "Adding Brain to Brawn: The School of Advanced Air and Space Studies and its Impact on Air Power Thinking". Air Power Review 13(2): 69–80. Summer 2010 [with Tamir Libel].
- (2010). "The Qur’an and War: Observations on Islamic Just War". Air Power Review 13(3): 41–63. Autumn/Winter 2010.
- (2010). "Air Power, Ethics and Civilian Immunity during the Great War and its Aftermath". Global War Studies 7(2): 102-130. December 2010.
- (2010). Introduction to Shaykh-ul-Islam Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings (London: Minhaj-ul-Quran International).
- (2011). "Reflections on the Maxwell ‘Revolution’: John Warden and Reforms in Professional Military Education". Air Power Review 14(1): 11-33. Spring 2011 [with Tamir Libel].
- (2011). "Qur’anic Concepts of the Ethics of Warfare: Challenging the Claims of Islamic Aggressiveness". Cordoba Foundation Occasional Paper, Series No. 2, April 2011. ISSN 2045-6603.
- (2018). "Justice, Jihad and Duty: the Qur’anic Concept of Armed Conflict". Islam and Civilisational Renewal , Vol. 9, No. 3: 267-303. July 2018.
- "Rough Guide to Islamic Rules of War". IRIN: Humanitarian News and Analysis. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- "The Nation, 17 March 2011, p. 15". Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "Professor at Khalifa University publishes Book on the Effects of Airpower on the Environment (Arabic)". Al-Khaleej (Arabic language), 11 February 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "Pakistan Today, 17 March 2011". Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- "Khalifa University: Prof Joel Hayward". kustar.ac.ae. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- "Instructors, Journey through the Quran". British Academy of Qur'anic Studies. Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2012.[failed verification]
- "Cambridge Muslim College: Research Fellows". cambridgemuslimcollege.org. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Dr. Joel Hayward." King's College London website. Accessed 6 February 2011.
- "Prof. Joel Hayward". Khalifa University. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "Khalifa University: People: Prof. Joel Hayward". kustar.ac.ae. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- Scanlon, Sean. (20 May 2000). "Making history." The Press (Christchurch). Archived at the Nizkor Project. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
- REPORT to the Council of The University of Canterbury of the Working Party established to enquire into: the circumstances under which the degree of Master of Arts (with First Class Honours) was awarded by the University in 1993 to Joel Stuart Andrew Hayward, on the basis of a thesis entitled ‘The Fate of Jews in German Hands: An Historical Enquiry into the Development and Significance of Holocaust Revisionism’. (20 December 2000). Report to the Council of The University of Canterbury. University of Canterbury, p. 5.
- Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 6.
- Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, pp. 12.
- Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, pp. 6-7.
- Hayward, Joel. (2003). "My overview of 'The Canterbury affair.'" Joel Hayward's Old Website. Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
- Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 67.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2008. Retrieved 8 February 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- University of Canterbury, Graduations 1993, Christchurch Town Hall, 7, 8 and 9 May 1993, University of Canterbury, 1993, p. 14.
- Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 26.
- Hayward, Joel S.A. (1997). "Stalingrad: An Examination of Hitler’s Decision to Airlift." Airpower Journal 11(1): 21–37. Spring 1997. Author note, also at 
- Hayward, Joel. (1996). Seeking the Philosopher's Stone: Luftwaffe Operations during Hitler's Drive to the East, 1942–1943. Ph.D. thesis. University of Canterbury, 1996.
- Hayward, Joel. (1998). Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943.> Modern War Studies series. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-1146-0.
- Charles Messenger, ed., Readers Guide to Military History (Chicago, Il: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001) describes the book as "a magnificently researched study … [which] provides the best available account of the disastrous Stalingrad airlift." The book is "an advanced and exhaustive work that will become a standard in the field once it is better known." (pp. 740, 765)
- Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, pp. 27.
- Joel Hayward's Books and Articles (official website). Accessed on 2007-06-20.
- "National Defense College: Faculty: Joel Hayward". Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- Massey University. (13 August 1999). "Conference to contribute to defence debate." Archived 3 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine Massey News Archive. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
- Massey University. (11 September 2000). "Defence conference timely." Archived 7 September 2004 at the Wayback Machine Massey News Archive. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
- Hayward, Joel S.A., ed. (2000). A Joint Future? The Move to Jointness and its Implications for the New Zealand Defence Force. Massey University, Centre for Defence Studies.
- "Staff at RAF Cranwell." King's College London website. Accessed 18 June 2007.
- "Trondheim inviterer til sikkerhetspolitiske temadager 16.-17. oktober på Luftkrigsskolen."[permanent dead link] Youth Atlantic Treaty Association. Retrieved on 2008-12-29.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 1 June 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Prof Joel Hayward: Convert to Islam. Defence & Security Scholar and Poet". 1stWitness. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Hayward, J., "Qur'anic Concepts of the Ethics of War: Challenging the Claims of Islamic Aggressiveness", Cordoba Foundation Occasional Paper (Series 2. April 2011), p. 23" (PDF). Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- ""Author Bio", Experts at Think Africa Press". Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Tackling Extremism Workshop, Sheffield Hilton, 25 February 2011". Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Tackling Extremism Workshop, London, 9 June 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 22 November 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "MYL UK holds Fatwa Workshop". Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- Taneja, Poonam (21 February 2011). "UK's Muslim soldiers "fighting extremists not Muslims". BBC Asian Network. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- "SOAS: CIS Event: The Qur'anic Ethics of War: Some Observations from a Scholar of Warfare". www.soas.ac.uk.
- ""The Value of Restraint", by Dr Joel Hayward, The Invitation: Islamic Community Magazine, March-April 2011, p. 22, re-published online at xeniagreekmuslimah.wordpress.com". Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- "Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings". Archived from the original on 23 January 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
- "Sign The Declaration". Archived from the original on 15 February 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "The London Declaration for Global Peace & Resistance against Extremism Posted on September 25, 2011". 19 January 2012. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012.
- "Corrections and clarifications". London: Mail on Sunday. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- "Prof. Joel Hayward's Books and Articles: What's New". Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- http://www.joelhayward.org/ Prof. Joel Hayward’s Books and Articles
- Martin Croucher. "Abu Dhabi university professor wins libel suit against British tabloid". The National, 18 October 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- Walsh, Rebecca (22 December 2000). "A-plus equals anger for Jewish groups". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, §5, pp. 64-69.
- Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 2 and §6.1, p. 70.
- Jones, Jeremy. (26 December 2000). "New Zealand school apologizes for Holocaust denial thesis." Jerusalem Post (retrieved from highbeam.com). Retrieved on 2007-06-18. "Earlier this year, Hayward, who is now a senior lecturer in defense and strategic studies at Massey University, apologized to the Jewish community, saying that he now disagrees strongly with his paper. [...] The university's vice chancellor, Daryl Le Grew, apologized to the Jewish community but said the university had no power to revoke the granting of the degree."
- "Hayward, J., "The Qur'an and War: Observations on Islamic Just War", Air Power Review, Vol. 13. No. 3 (2010), p. 45" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- Joel Hayward, Warfare in the Quran English Monograph Series — Book No. 14. Amman, Jordan: Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, 2012, p. 50.
- "Claritas Books: Interviews: Joel Hayward". Retrieved 23 February 2018.
- Airpower Journal, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 21-, AFRP 10-1, Spring 1997
- Charles Messenger, ed., Readers Guide to Military History (Chicago, Il: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001), pp. 740, 765.
- Omer Bartov, The Times Literary Supplement, 23 Oct 1998, no. 4986 p. 12(2): "Hayward makes a convincing case"
- Overy, Richard. "Stopped at Stalingrad (Book Review)." War in History 8(1): 123–125, Jan. 2001.
- "Zatrzymani pod Stalingradem: Klęska Luftwaffe i Hitlera na wschodzie 1942-1943" (in Polish). Warsaw: Napoleon V. 2015.
- Seamon, Richard. (2003-10)."For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War (Book)." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 129(10): 114.
- Hattendorf, John B. (2004-01). "For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War (Book)." Journal of Military History 68(1): 252–253.
- Colin White, The Mariner’s Mirror: The Journal of the Society for Nautical Research, November 2003.
- Feicht, Therese M. (2004). "Outstanding Titles, 2004 University Press Books Selected for Public and Secondary School Libraries". aupresses.org. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- The Press, 6 September 2003.
- The Journal of Military History, Vol. 74, No. 3 (July 2010), pp. 988-990.
- "Joel Hayward, " Warfare in the Qur'an". English Monograph Series — Book No. 14. (Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, Amman, Jordan 2012)" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- Staff Reporter. "Book on World's Air Forces Released". The Gulf Today. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- Marianne Ryan. "Three Decades of Excellence: the Notable Government Documents 2013 List". Library Journal. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- "War is Deceit": An Analysis of a Contentious Hadith on the Morality of Military Deception English Monograph Series — Book No. 24. Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, Amman, Jordan, 2017.
- Civilian Immunity in Foundational Islamic Strategic Thought: A Historical Enquiry English Monograph Series — Book No. 25. Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, Amman, Jordan, 2017.
- Evening Standard, May 9, 2003.
- Evening Standard, May 9, 2003: "Memorable and insightful... Thumbs up for Hayward's work"
- Hayward, Joel. (2003) Jenny Green Teeth and other short stories. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Totem Press.
- Hayward, Joel, (2003). Lifeblood (A Book of Poems). Palmerston North, New Zealand: Totem Press.
- Southern Ocean Review, Issue 27 (12 April 2003).
- Chaff, 14 July 2003, p. 23.
- ""The Six at Thawr", Damazine, Summer 2011". Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- ""Zuhr Prayer in Peterborough", Contemporary World Literature, Issue 7 (May/June 2011)". Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "Splitting The Moon A Collection Of Islamic Poetry By J. Hayward". kitaabun.com.
- Muhammad Khan. "Book Review: Refreshing and Insightful Collection of Muslim Poetry". The Muslim News, 27 April 2012.
-  library of Congress catalogue information: Joel S. A. Hayward, "Poems from the Straight Path".
-  Poems from the Straight Path, Amazon.com
- "Book Review: Poems from the Straight Path" (PDF). London: Passion Islam. November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
- https://www.instagram.com/p/BdIVUcOnf_l/ Pain and Passing: Islamic Poems of Grief and Healing, by Joel Hayward
- http://www.joelhaywardspoetry.com/ Joel Hayward's Poetry
- "Pain and Passing: Poems of Grief and Healing". Awakening UK. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Claritas Books releases two new works by scholar, writer and poet Joel Hayward". Claritas Books. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- جني ذات الأسنان الخضراء وقصص قصيرة أُخرى. (Amman: Dar Al-Shorouk, 2018). ISBN 9957-00-691-6.
- "جني ذات الأسنان الخضراء". Jamalon. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- "جني ذات الأسنان الخضراء". Jamalon. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- Splitting the Moon at Kube Publishing[permanent dead link]
- Joel, Hayward (2018), The Savage: and other Islamic Short Stories, Swansea, [United Kingdom]: Claritas Books, p. 125, ISBN 9781905837113, retrieved 13 March 2018
- https://minhajpublications.com/product/supreme-jihad/ The Supreme Jihad
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joel Hayward.|
- Joel Hayward on 1st Witness Agency page Hayward bio on 1st Witness Agency website.
- Joel Hayward's Khalifa University web page Official Khalifa University web page.
- Joel Hayward's Books and Articles — current information on publications; includes text of several journal articles.
- Joel Hayward's Old Website — documents Hayward's view of the controversy in 2000 over his 1991 M.A. thesis; no longer updated.
- Joel Hayward's Poetry — Hayward's first published poetry book and assembled poems to be published in his second collection.
- The Joel Hayward Working Party — Working Party at the University of Canterbury which investigated Hayward's thesis in 2000.