Joel Hirsch Resnicoff (October 23, 1948 – December 28, 1986) was an American artist and fashion illustrator, who incorporated expressionistic art into commercial fashion illustrations, stating his belief that "commercial art is the art of the century." His work did not fit easily into any one category, and "the figures in his amusing illustrations defy stereotype and are posed in unexpected ways." Those figures reflected a mixture of cultures, with viewers seeing something familiar to their own background, mixed with something more distant: a combination of the "girl next door," and "the girl on the other side of the world." So, for example, a Japanese work describes "the influence of black African sculptures," mixed with a more Japanese look characterized by "lips like cherry blossom petals, and almond-shaped eyes." His work captured the new impact of multiculturalism on art and the "standards of beauty" of the seventies, and along with artists such as Andy Warhol helped "blur the line between commercial art and fine art."
Resnicoff died at the age of 38 as a result of complications linked to AIDS.
Life and work
Joel Resnicoff was born in Washington, DC, and raised in Hyattsville, Maryland. He studied art at the University of Miami for one year, and then transferred to Greenwich Village's Parsons School of Design, settling in Manhattan's East Village. After two years at Parsons, he worked as a fashion illustrator for seven years on the staff of Women's Wear Daily (WWD), the trade journal often referred to as the Bible of fashion , where illustrations were used more as commentaries on fashion and predictions of consumer reaction than as a means to advertise and sell products to consumers.
Art historians have noted that during the seventies, WWD proved to be a '"wonderful showcase" for artists including Resnicoff, and through his work, he quickly made a name for himself in the fashion industry. However, after seven years with that publication, he left in order to devote a year to experimentation with different art forms, take some classes in sculpture, and have a chance, as he put it, "to deal with reality after a life of illusion." During this year, he supported himself through street portraits, along with many fellow street artists whose work would collectively be remembered as part of the artistic hey-day of the East Village. Soon, his career as a freelance artist took off, eventually including works in water colors, charcoals, oils, and paintings; a series of fashion mannequins that were based on the style he had popularized in his illustrations; some overseas travel for invitational commissioned artwork, including billboard designs in Scandinavia; and art he created for clothing and fashion accessories that included the international design brand, Esprit.
In the early 1980s, his unusual displays for windows in such major New York department stores as Macy's and Bloomingdale's caught the attention of both the public and the press, with an article in the New York Post reporting that his 1983 Macy's window display literally "stopped traffic" on 34th St. The windows were part of Macy's campaign to publicize Resnicoff's new shop in its New York location. His work was not limited to any one store or chain of stores, and although his link to Macy's would continue for a number of years, his artwork was also used by Bloomingdale's in a number of ways, including a series of brightly colored beach towels, marketed as "Camp Bloomie's." In addition to artwork that appeared on apparel and accessories, he created and illustrated a series of postcards and greeting cards, called ResniCards, that gently poked fun at New York City, its residents, and its tourists. In these cards, he contrasted often overweight women with the ultra-slim figures in the fashion world that he regularly used in his own illustrations. As one reviewer put it, his cards featured "pachiderm-sized dames in tacky-wacky get-ups...shattering la mode" He could poke fun at New York and New Yorkers because his love for both the city and its city-dwellers was well known. When asked to describe New York in three words, he wrote, energy, variety, and creativity.
Resnicoff's fashion illustrations were well known and wide-ranging, including his years of work with WWD, and with other Fairchild Publications journals, including Footwear News, and the Daily News Record; a variety of fashion advertisements in virtually every New York newspaper, from The New York Times to The Village Voice, including cover illustrations for some, such as the Soho News, and Art Direction; contributions to special publications such as the Manhattan Catalogue; illustrations and lay-outs for national and international periodicals, including Travel and Leisure and Mademoiselle; special brochures for stores and periodicals, including New York magazine; and multi-color spreads for a number of foreign publications and journals, including some in Italy, like Vanity Magazine, and Japan. He was also featured as an illustrator in major campaigns for national and international chains and brands, such as Macy's, Charles Jourdan, Intercoiffure, and Fong Leng International; independent stores and smaller "boutique" chains, such as Mr. Jay, Armadillo, and the designer boutique Riding High; and designers, including Regina Kravitz, Calvin Klein and Yves St. Laurent. His work gained special popularity in Japan as examples of American avant-garde art, described by Japanese artist Pater Sato as work that "sends us messages of joy, peace, and humor. His comic style draws us to a new world." Resnicoff himself wrote that he "would like people to look at the world a little differently after looking at my drawings.""The whole idea of art is to inspire, to teach, to bring something to another level.... Commercial art is the art of the century, it's the most visible, it goes to the greatest number of people. Resnicoff's work always reflected his own unique style, but they also often brought to mind images from "fine art" or literature, such as in his well-known illustration for hosiery that "directly referenced the film poster, Six Girls Seeking Shelter, by Vladimir and Georgi Stenberg. In some ways, along with artists like Andy Warhol and Antonio Lopez, Resnicoff's art helped "blur the line between commercial art and fine art." Samples of Resnicoff's work that appeared in the magazine, Hit Parade, are on file as part of the New York Public Library Collection.
In 1985, Resnicoff began working with Esprit, and in 1986, two summer seasons of clothing, including brightly colored shirts and scarves, featured his designs—with his signature on each item. Using an unusual approach, the company commissioned Resnicoff to paint a series of "oversize summery murals," which Esprit then used as a basis for its "sassy...bold, and colorful" fabric designs. In fact, Resnicoff's artwork for the summer designs were so successful that he was invited to repeat his collaboration with Esprit for an additional season, but by then he had to decline the invitation due to his failing health. In addition to his work with Espirit, Resnicoff also designed a series of Tee-Hee Shirts—pullovers and sweatshirts, and "cooking apparel"—aprons, gloves, and pot-holders, illustrated with whimsical characters similar to those on his Resnicards illustrations.
However his work was described, a strong sense of humor was always evident—others referred to "his comic style," and he himself described his work as "joy, love, and humor"—but friends knew his life had more than its share of suffering and tragedy. He was diagnosed as HIV+ in 1984, very early on during the onset of what would become the AIDS pandemic that would take the lives of many of his friends and fellow artists, before his own death, on December 28, 1986.
At that time, he was already one of only a handful of illustrators and artists to be included in a collection that included such well-known names as Andy Warhol, but he was recognized as early as 1972, shortly after his start at Women's Wear Daily, as an "upcoming illustrator," who "manages to avoid the look alike syndrome of fashion illustration with models that are always more than elongated clothes hangers.... He has created his own coterie of now Gibson Girls, who manage to combine both innocence and the decadent langour of fin de siecle illustration. Five years before his death, in an article that appeared in the inaugural edition of the magazine, Hit Parade, the artist and writer, Francis Toohey, predicted that, "in years to come, Resnicoff's art might be likened to the advertising triumphs of Mucha and Toulouse-Lautrec or to the graphic abandon of advertising during its artsy heyday of the 30s."
- The Manhattan Catalog, April 1980, p15.
- Michelle Wisen Bryant, WWD Illustrated: 1960s–1990s, Fairchild Publications: 2003, intro., ix–x.
- Seiichi Tanaka, The Avant-Gardes of New York, Tanaka Studios, Japan: 1986.
- Bryant, op cit., 70.
- www.santaynezvalleyjournal.com. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- Esprit Newsletter, United States Headquarters, San Francisco, March 1986, p10. This issue included a tribute to Resnicoff, which included the words: "Joel Resnicoff was a freelance artist from New york City who worked at Esprit in the Summer, 1985. His whimsical figures of knobby-kneed girls served as the basis for the theme of the '86 Summer Esprit line. His death from AIDS complications in December has saddened all of us in the Design Department who were fortunate enough to have worked with him."
- Hit Parade, Francis Toohey, Joel Resnicoff, 1981.
- Miller, Lia. "Women's Wear Daily Setting Its Sights on the Luxury Market." The New York Times (March 14, 2005)
- Bryant, op cit., 81.
- Art Direction, The Magazine of Visual Communication, March 1972, p67.
- Resnicoff for Discoveries, Discoveries, Inc., 235 West First St., Bayonne, NJ 07002.
- New York Post, France-Michele Adler, June 1, 1983.
- Fashion Illustration in New York, Pater Sato, Graphic-sha Publishing Co., Ltd, Tokyo, Japan: 1985, p90.
- Art Direction, Advertising Trade Publications, Inc., August 1980.
- Mademoiselle, July 1985, How to Wear the Latest – even if your shape's not the greatest, 138pp.
- For example, a special New York brochure, July 1985, advertising the August 1985 issue, where fashion outfits were presented as if they were paper-doll cut-outs.
- Bryant, op cit., pages 78 and 133.
- Francis Toohey Papers, 1977–1989., New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library, Francis Toohey Papers, Circa 1977–1989, MissCol 6174, Melanie A. Yolles, Dec 2004, Rev. 2008.
- Orlando Sentinel, Esprit Plays Off Summer's Flip Side, Davin Light, June 4, 1986.
- Fashion Illustration in New York, Pater Sato, Graphic-sha Publishing Co., Ltd, Tokyo, Japan: 1985. Includes samples of Resnicoff's works in charcoal, plus illustrations from some of his work for Regina Kravitz, Macy's, Yves St. Laurent, The Village Voice, the Italian periodical, Vanity Magazine, and even an illustration for Kagome tomato juice, from a magazine in Japan.
- The Avant-Gardes in New York, Seiichi Tanaka, Tanaka Studio, Japan: 1986.
- WWD Illustrated: 1960s–1990s, Michelle Wesen Bryant, Fairchild Publications:2003.
- Women's Wear Daily illustration, 1970s, on MaraisUSA.blogspot.com, Oct 18, 2008, labeled, "Okay...back to the real masters. I love, love, love this one by Joel Resnicoff!. From book, Women's Wear Daily: 1960s–1990s, 133.
- Memorial website, created by Resnicoff's family.
- "Zone7Style: Style Focus," March 31, 2010. Includes photos of Esprit shirts designed by Resnicoff.