Jōetsu, Niigata

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Jōetsu
上越市
Special city
Jōetsu City Hall
Jōetsu City Hall
Flag of Jōetsu
Flag
Official seal of Jōetsu
Seal
Location of Jōetsu in Niigata
Location of Jōetsu in Niigata
Jōetsu is located in Japan
Jōetsu
Jōetsu
 
Coordinates: 37°8′52.3″N 138°14′9.9″E / 37.147861°N 138.236083°E / 37.147861; 138.236083Coordinates: 37°8′52.3″N 138°14′9.9″E / 37.147861°N 138.236083°E / 37.147861; 138.236083
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
Prefecture NIigata
Government
 • - Mayor Hideyuki Murayama
Area
 • Total 973.81 km2 (375.99 sq mi)
Population (June 2016)
 • Total 195,713
 • Density 201/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols  
• Tree Sakura
• Flower Camellia
Phone number 025-526-5111
Address 1-1-3 Kida, Jōetsu-shi, Niigata-ken 943-8601
Website www.city.joetsu.niigata.jp
Takada Castle

Jōetsu (上越市 Jōetsu-shi?) is a city located in southern Niigata Prefecture, in the Hokuriku region of Japan. As of 1 June 2016, the city has an estimated population of 195,713, with a population density of 201 persons per km². The total area was 973.81 square kilometres (375.99 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Jōetsu in southwest Niigata Prefecture, bordered by the Sea of Japan to the north and Nagano Prefecture to the south. It is approximately 133 kilometers west of Niigata City, and 139 kilometers west of Toyama City.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Jōetsu has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). Owing to its location at the foot of Mount Hotaka facing onshore winds from the Sea of Japan, Jōetsu is the wettest low-lying part of the northern hemisphere temperate zone apart from the Owase region of the Kii Peninsula, receiving an average of around 2.8 metres (110.2 in) of precipitation per year. As a comparison, Forks on the windward side of Washington’s Olympic Peninsula receives 110 inches (2.79 m) and Rize on the Black Sea coast of Turkey 2,530 millimetres (100 in). The cold winds from the combined power of the Siberian High and Aleutian Low give Jōetsu an average of 6.3 metres (250 in) of snowfall that however tends to melt significantly even during the winter. On the 26th of February 1945, Jōetsu received as much as 3.77 metres (148 in) of snow in one day. The heaviest annual snowfall, since the beginning of regular snowfall measurements in 1953, was 14.94 metres (590 in) in the 1985/1986 season and the heaviest monthly total precipitation 942 millimetres (37 in) in January 1945, whilst the driest month was August 1985 with 16 millimetres (0.63 in).

Climate data for Jōetsu, Niigata (Takada) (1981~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
21.9
(71.4)
25.4
(77.7)
32.3
(90.1)
33.1
(91.6)
36.4
(97.5)
38.9
(102)
39.5
(103.1)
37.8
(100)
33.4
(92.1)
27.7
(81.9)
23.7
(74.7)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.3
(43.3)
10.3
(50.5)
17.5
(63.5)
22.2
(72)
25.4
(77.7)
29.1
(84.4)
31.3
(88.3)
26.8
(80.2)
21.2
(70.2)
15.3
(59.5)
9.5
(49.1)
18.4
(65.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
2.4
(36.3)
5.4
(41.7)
11.5
(52.7)
16.6
(61.9)
20.6
(69.1)
24.6
(76.3)
26.3
(79.3)
22.0
(71.6)
16.0
(60.8)
10.2
(50.4)
5.3
(41.5)
13.6
(56.5)
Average low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
−1
(30)
1.0
(33.8)
5.8
(42.4)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
21.0
(69.8)
22.4
(72.3)
18.2
(64.8)
11.6
(52.9)
5.9
(42.6)
1.8
(35.2)
9.5
(49.1)
Record low °C (°F) −10.7
(12.7)
−13.2
(8.2)
−10.3
(13.5)
−6.5
(20.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
6.4
(43.5)
11.6
(52.9)
13.0
(55.4)
8.3
(46.9)
1.2
(34.2)
−2
(28)
−7.8
(18)
−13.2
(8.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 419.1
(16.5)
262.0
(10.315)
194.2
(7.646)
96.1
(3.783)
95.7
(3.768)
145.3
(5.72)
210.6
(8.291)
150.4
(5.921)
206.2
(8.118)
210.8
(8.299)
342.0
(13.465)
423.1
(16.657)
2,755.5
(108.483)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 247
(97.2)
193
(76)
86
(33.9)
9
(3.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(1.2)
92
(36.2)
630
(248)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 25.8 22.0 20.5 12.9 12.2 13.2 14.6 11.4 15.5 16.5 19.4 23.5 207.5
Average snowy days 26.1 25.4 17.3 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 12.4 84.5
Average relative humidity (%) 78 76 72 67 71 77 80 77 79 77 77 76 75.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 65.4 79.6 120.7 181.1 196.3 150.9 153.8 195.0 129.4 134.5 104.1 80.0 1,590.8
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[1]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[2]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Jōetsu was part of ancient Echigo Province, and the location of the Nara period kokufu of the province. During the Sengoku period, it was the center of the holdings of the Uesugi clan and notably Kasugayama Castle was a significant base for Uesugi Kenshin. The Uesugi were transferred by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and the area was later part of Takada Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa Shogunate. After the Meiji restoration, the towns of Takada and Naoetsu were created with the establishment of the municipalities system. Takada was elevated to city status on September 1, 1911 and Naoetsu on June 1, 1954.

The city of Jōetsu was founded on April 29, 1971 by the merger of Takada and Naoetsu. On January 1, 2005, the town of Yasuzuka, the villages of Maki, Ōshima and Uragawara (all from Higashikubiki District); the towns of Itakura, Kakizaki, Ōgata and Yoshikawa, the villages of Kiyosato, Kubiki, Nakagou and Sanwa (all from Nakakubiki District); and the town of Nadachi (from Nishikubiki District) were merged into Jōetsu. Now Jōetsu has extended into the now-defunct Higashikubiki and Nishikubiki Districts.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Noted people from Jōetsu[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-26. 
  2. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-26. 

External links[edit]