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Joey Aiuppa

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Joey Aiuppa
Joey Aiuppa mug shot, c. 1985
Joseph John Aiuppa

(1907-12-01)December 1, 1907
DiedFebruary 22, 1997(1997-02-22) (aged 89)
Elmhurst, Illinois, U.S.
Resting placeQueen of Heaven Cemetery, Hillside, Illinois
Other names"Joey O'Brien", "Joey O.", "Joey Doves", "Mourning Doves"
OccupationCrime boss
SpouseAngeline Zito
AllegianceChicago Outfit
Criminal penalty28 years imprisonment (1986)

Joseph John Aiuppa (December 1, 1907 – February 22, 1997), also known as "Joey O'Brien" and "Joey Doves", was a Chicago mobster who became a leader of the Chicago Outfit from 1971 until his skimming conviction in 1986.

Early career[edit]

Joseph Aiuppa was born in Melrose Park, Illinois, the eldest son of Simone (Sam) Aiuppa (1883-1934) and Rosalia (Rose) Marie Greco (1886-1968), Sicilian immigrants from Lascari, Province of Palermo, Sicily.

During the 1920s, former boxer Aiuppa rose through the ranks of the Chicago Outfit, beginning as a driver for higher ranking Outfit leaders such as Tony Accardo.[1]

He graduated to operate several gambling establishments in Cicero, Illinois. These clubs included bookmaking establishments and underground casinos with secret entrances. In the early 1930s, Aiuppa managed Taylor & Company, ostensibly a furniture manufacturer though in actuality a front for manufacturing illegal slot machines. Aiuppa was a charter member of Local 450 Union for Hotel and Restaurant Employees. A member of the Capone Mob, Aiuppa also had connections to John Dillinger and the Karpis Gangs. In 1935, Chicago crime files indicated Aiuppa as a trigger man and expert bank robber for Claude Maddox.[1]

Beginning in the late 1940s and well into the 1960s, Aiuppa was in charge of the Cicero district of the Outfit. The Cicero district was the highest-earning neighborhood for decades, going back to Al Capone, who headquartered out of this area while he was in command. Aiuppa eventually owned or operated several establishments in Cicero, collectively called the Strip. This was the original "strip" before the mob-controlled casino strip in Las Vegas. Aiuppa operated handbooks at 4835, 4811, and 4818 Cermak Road in Cicero, IL. The various clubs located on Cicero Avenue were the Frolics, the Towne Hotel, the 411 Club, and a few others. Prostitution, slot machines, and various gaming activities occurred inside these nightclubs.[1]

Aiuppa also owned it for many years and eventually sold the Navajo Hills golf course outside suburban Chicago. This was one of his many real-estate dealings that he made money on with his personal take and share of running the most powerful and successful Outfit neighborhood for decades. Aiuppa operated his real estate holdings under "Rosemar Realty", named after his mother, Rose Marie. From time to time, Aiuppa also put cars or small real estate in her name, as he would rarely keep any assets in his name except for the home in which he resided in Oak Brook, Illinois. He also used other relatives, including brothers and later nephews, to hold title to his many constantly changing real-estate assets in and around the Chicago area.[1]

"Joey O'Brien" and "Joey Doves"[edit]

For almost 40 years, Aiuppa's original nickname was his old boxing name, "Joey O'Brien", often abbreviated in mob circles to just "O'Brien" or "Joey O." Irish boxers got paid more on the fight card in those days so Aiuppa chose an Irish name to fight under. This was one of his last known jobs before he started as a driver for the Outfit.[1]

In a move reminiscent of Al Capone's prosecution for tax evasion, Aiuppa was convicted in 1966 for the unlawful possession and transportation of mourning doves across state lines. Under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918, possessing more than 24 doves per person is illegal outside of hunting season. In September 1962, as part of Robert F. Kennedy's crackdown on the Chicago Outfit, FBI agents in Kansas searching Aiuppa's car discovered 563 frozen doves. Following a series of appeals, Aiuppa was eventually sentenced in August 1966 and received a three-month jail sentence and a $1,000 fine. As a result, Aiuppa gained various nicknames like "Joey Doves", "Joey the Doves", "Doves", and "Mourning Doves".[1]


Joey Aiuppa gained control of the Chicago Outfit after the death of Sam Giancana, who had strong support from Paul Ricca and Tony Accardo.[2] Aiuppa became the boss in 1971 after Felix Anthony "Milwaukee Phil" Alderisio was sent to prison. Under the leadership of Aiuppa, the Chicago Outfit grew stronger ties to its Las Vegas Casinos. Eventually, he became one of several de facto leaders running The Outfit in Chicago. Following his indictment and subsequent imprisonment, Joseph Ferriola ran the Outfit from 1985 until 1988. Aiuppa's chauffeur driver and protégé, Samuel Carlisi, took over leadership operations shortly after.[3]

Sometime following the murder of Giancana, Aiuppa bought a house in Palm Springs, California, as had several other Chicago mobsters.[4]

Conviction and retaliation[edit]

In 1986, Aiuppa was convicted of skimming profits from Las Vegas casinos and received 28 years in prison.[5] In 1986, Jackie Cerone took over control after the semi-retirements of Accardo and Aiuppa as leaders of the Chicago Outfit. The convictions of five mob ties to skimming $2 million from Las Vegas Casinos evolved with Joseph Agosto from the Kansas City crime family testifying against the bosses. Among the few that were imprisoned included Aiuppa, Carl DeLuna, Angelo J. LaPietra, and Jackie Cerone. LaPietra was a top enforcer for Aiuppa in the Chicago Outfit and early years in Cicero crime operations. From prison, Aiuppa chose John "No Nose" DiFronzo to run criminal operations in Chicago's western suburbs over acting boss Ferriola. In June 1986, Tony "the Ant" Spilotro and his brother Michael were beaten to death in Bensenville, Illinois, and buried in a cornfield in Enos, Indiana, five miles from Aiuppa property near Morocco, Indiana. Nicholas Calabrese, a member of the Outfit, testified that both Spilotro brothers were killed in a home in Bensenville, Illinois and then buried in the cornfields in Indiana. Calabrese is known to be the first made-man to testify against the Chicago Outfit. His nephew, Frank Calabrese Jr., was also an informant for the FBI. Calabrese Jr. is the son of notorious mobster Frank Calabrese Sr. However, in a 2010 interview with Maxim magazine, while promoting the opening of the Las Vegas Mob Experience at the Tropicana Hotel, Tony Spilotro's son Vincent claimed that the real target was his uncle Michael, and Tony was killed to prevent any revenge.[6]

Release from prison and death[edit]

Serving nearly 10 years of his sentence, on January 19, 1996,[7] Aiuppa was released from the U.S. Bureau of Prisons Federal Medical Center at Rochester, Minnesota.[8] On February 22, 1997, Aiuppa died at Elmhurst Memorial Hospital in Elmhurst, Illinois.[5] He was buried in Hillside, Illinois at the Queen of Heaven Cemetery.[9]

Aiuppa's nephew Sam Aiuppa is a member of the IATSE Projectionists Local 110 union and does not share how he became part of the union. Sam Giancana's nephew, Andrew Giancana, was on the board for the IATSE. The IATSE Projectionists Local 110 in Chicago was once widely believed to be one of America's most mobbed-up locals.[10]


The film Casino, directed by Martin Scorsese in 1995, is based on the Chicago Outfit ties to the Las Vegas Casino industry. The events that occur in the movie are based on the relationship between the associates of the Chicago Mob and Las Vegas businessman Frank "Lefty" Rosenthal. The character of Remo Gaggi, played by Pasquale Cajano, is based on Aiuppa. Other portrayals include Robert De Niro as main character Sam "Ace" Rothstein, based on Rosenthal, and Joe Pesci as Nicky Santoro, based on Chicago enforcer Anthony Spilotro.[11]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Federal Bureau of Investigation. Joseph Aiuppa.
  2. ^ Carl Sifakis (2005). The Mafia Encyclopedia. Infobase Publishing. pp. 6. ISBN 978-0-8160-6989-7.
  3. ^ Binder, John J., 1956- (2003). The Chicago outfit. Arcadia. ISBN 0738523267. OCLC 52263324.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Yates, Ronald; Koziol, Ronald (May 9, 1978). "Elite Palm Springs Becomes a Gangsters' Playground". The Evening Independent. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 30, 2012. [Palm Springs] has become Our Town for such Chicago luminaries as Anthony 'Big Tuna' Accardo, Joey 'The Dove' Aiuppa, James 'The Turk' Torello, and Frank 'The Horse' Buccieri.
  5. ^ a b Tribune, Chicago. "JOSEPH AIUPPA, 89, REPUTED MOB KINGPIN". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2019-05-04.
  6. ^ Kersten, Jason (November 30, 2010). "Gangsters Paradise". Maxim. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  7. ^ "Inmate Locator". United States Federal Bureau of Prisons. 2017. "Find By Name" search results. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  8. ^ Koziol, Ronald (December 9, 1987). "Aiuppa Seeking Early Parole: Attorney Says He Is Near Death". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  9. ^ Resting Places: The Burial Sites of Over 14000 Famous Persons by Scott Wilson
  10. ^ Robb, David (2015-09-01). "Mob Relatives Drawing Pensions From Chicago IATSE Projectionists' "Endangered" Plan". Deadline. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  11. ^ Sheldon, David (7 September 2021). "7 Completely True Events The Movie Casino Is Based On".

External links[edit]

American Mafia
Preceded by Chicago Outfit Boss
Succeeded by