Jog Falls

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Jog Falls
Joga Jalapatha
Jogada gundi
Jog Falls 2013.JPG
Jog Falls, August 2013
LocationSagara Taluk,[1] Shimoga District[2] Karnataka
TypeCataract, Segmented
Elevation488 m (1,601 ft)
Total height253 m (830 ft) [3]
Number of drops4

(Raja (king), Rani (queen), Roarer, Rocket)

[4]
Longest drop254 m (833 ft)
Average width472 m (1,549 ft)
WatercourseSharavati River [5]
Average
flow rate
153 m3/s (5,400 cu ft/s)

Jog Falls[6] is a waterfall on the Sharavati river located in the Western Ghats near Sagar[7] Taluk of Shivamogga District, Karnataka, India. It is the second highest plunge waterfall in India.[8][9] It is a segmented waterfall which depends on rain and season becomes a plunge waterfall. The falls are major attractions for tourists and is ranked 36th in the list of free-falling waterfalls, 490th in the world by list of waterfalls by total height, 128th in the list of single-drop waterfalls in the World by the waterfall database.[10]

Description

Jog Falls is created by the Sharavati dropping 253 m (830 ft), making it the third-highest waterfall in India after the Nohkalikai Falls with a drop of 335 m (1,099 ft) in Meghalaya[11] and Dudhsagar Waterfalls with a drop of 310 m (1,020 ft) in Goa.

Sharavathi, a river which rises at Ambutirtha, next to Nonabur, in the Thirthahalli taluk and takes the northwesterly course by Fatte petta, receives the Haridravati on the right below Pattaguppe and the Yenne Hole on the left above Barangi. On arriving at the frontier it bends to the west, precipitates itself down the Falls of Gersoppa, and passes that village (properly Geru-Sappe), which is some 30 kilometres (19 mi) distant, discharging into the Arabian sea at Honnavar in Uttara Kannada.[12]

The Sharavati, flowing over a very rocky bed about 250 yards (230 m) wide, here reaches a tremendous chasm, 290 m (950 ft) deep, and the water comes down in four distinct falls.[13] The Raja Fall pours in one unbroken column sheer to the depth of 250 m (830 ft). Halfway down it is encountered by the Roarer, another fall, which precipitates itself into a vast cup and then rushes violently downwards to meet the Raja. A third fall, the Rocket, shoots downwards in a series of jets; while the fourth, the Rani, moves quietly over the mountainside in a sheet of foam.[14] The Tourism Department has built steps from the viewpoint to the bottom of the hill where the waterfall can be seen at the opposite side. There are approximately 1400 steps built to reach the bottom of the hill.[15]

Significance

Associated with the waterfall is the nearby Linganamakki Dam across the Sharavati River.[16] The power station has been operational since 1948 and is of 120 MW capacity, one of the largest hydroelectric stations in India at that time and a small source of electric power for Karnataka now. The power station was previously named Krishna Rajendra hydro-electric project, after the King of Mysore at that time. The name was later changed to Mahatma Gandhi Hydro-electric Project. It was served by The Hirebhaskara dam until 1960. After 1960, due to the ideas of Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, Linganmakki Dam has been used for power generation.[17]

Power

The hydro-electric project was conceived by the government of Mysore in mid-1943. A scheme to generate 64,000 horsepower at a cost of 358 lakh was designed.[18] The Power House on the right bank of the Gerusoppa dam consists of four Francis-type turbines coupled to the generating units of 60 MW each. The units are configured to operate at a design head of 47.5 mtrs. An outdoor switchyard is located between the toe of the dam and the power house. Power from the outdoor yard is evacuated through a 220 KV double circuit transmission line connected to the state grid at Talaguppa.

The capacity was increased subsequently and currently generates 240 MW of power.[19]

Transport connectivity

Jog Falls during the monsoon

Jog Falls is situated in Sagar Taluk of Shimoga District. The Western Ghats gives rise to the Sharavati river that plunges from a height of 829 feet (253 m) in four magnificent cascades namely Raja, Rani, Roarer and Rocket. Jog Falls, being the tallest waterfalls in India is situated in the dense evergreen forests, 16 km (9.9 mi) from Talguppa nearest railway station, Shimoga district, Karnataka.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath (27 June 2021). "Tourists allowed to visit Jog Falls from June 28". SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. The Hindu. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  2. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath. "Soak In The Ultimate Bliss In The Lap Of Mother Nature As You Visit Jog Falls In Shimoga". https:whatshot.in. MANVI. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Jogfalls Height". Jog Falls Official website.
  4. ^ "Jog Falls". Jogfalls official website.
  5. ^ "Jogfalls". Jog Falls Official website.
  6. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath (10 August 2021). "Jog Falls". karnatakatourism.org. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  7. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath (27 June 2021). "Tourists allowed to visit Jog Falls from June 28". SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. The Hindu. Copyright© 2021, THG PUBLISHING PVT LTD. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  8. ^ "» Top 10 Highest Waterfalls in India". Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  9. ^ Monsoon magic: Jog Falls, nature lovers' delight TRAVEL, IBN news channel, 10 August 2008
  10. ^ Jog Falls World Waterfall Database: World's Tallest Waterfalls
  11. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam (ed.). India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 179.
  12. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath (9 August 2021). "Honnavar, Uttara Kannada District – The Story of a Small Town". karnataka.com. MADUR. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  13. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath (11 August 2019). "Jog Falls' viewing gallery stays empty as floods, landslips prevent visitors". Veerendra P M. The Hindu. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  14. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath. "Jog Falls". dreantrails.in. Sandeep Ramavana. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  15. ^ "Jog Falls: the jewel of Sharavathi Valley". JLR Explore. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  16. ^ Karnataka Power Corporation Article Archived 19 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath (9 August 2021). "GERUSOPPA HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT". Karnataka Power Corporation Limited. Copyright © 2014. KPCL All Rights Reserved. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  18. ^ "Jog Falls Hydro-Electric Project". The Indian Express. 2 July 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  19. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath (9 August 2021). "GERUSOPPA HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT". karnatakapower.com. KPCL. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  20. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath (28 June 2021). "Karnataka opens Jog falls after two-month closure due to Covid-19 restrictions". Hindustan Times, Bengaluru. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  21. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath. "Jog Falls Distance Bus Route Map". travel2karnataka.com. travel2karnataka.com. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  22. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath. "How to Reach Jog Falls". www.holidify.com. © Holidify Travels Pvt Ltd.- All Right Reserved. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  23. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath. "How to Reach Jog Falls". goibibo.com. © 2021 ibibogroup All rights reserved. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  24. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath. "How to Reach Jog Falls". trawell.in. trawell. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  25. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath. "Jog Falls – Witness the Majesty of Nature". karnataka.com. RAGGI MUDDE. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  26. ^ Shivasuriya, Sanath. "HOW TO GET FROM Goa Airport (GOI) to Jog Falls BY TRAIN, TAXI, CAR OR PLANE". Rome2rio. Rome2rio. Retrieved 9 August 2021.

External links

  • Jog Falls on jogfalls.in. Jog Management Authority. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  • Jog Falls on Karnataka Government official Website