Jog Falls

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Jog Falls
Joga Jalapatha
Jogada gundi
Jog Falls 05092016.jpg
Jog Falls
Jog Falls is located in Karnataka
Jog Falls
Location Sagara, Karnataka[1]
Coordinates14°13′44″N 74°48′43″E / 14.22889°N 74.81194°E / 14.22889; 74.81194Coordinates: 14°13′44″N 74°48′43″E / 14.22889°N 74.81194°E / 14.22889; 74.81194
TypeCataract, segmented
Elevation488 m (1,601 ft)
Total height253 m (830 ft) [2]
Number of drops4

(Raja, Rani, Roarer, Rocket)

[3]
Longest drop254 m (833 ft)
Average width472 m (1,549 ft)
WatercourseSharavati River [4]
Average
flow rate
153 m³/s or 5,387 cu ft/s

Jog Falls is a waterfall on the Sharavati river[5] located in the Western Ghats in Sagara taluk, Shimoga district.[6][7] It is the second highest plunge waterfall in India.[8][9] It is a segmented waterfall which depends on rain and season becomes a plunge waterfall. The falls are major attractions for tourists and is ranked 13th in the world by the waterfall database.[10]

Description[edit]

Jog Falls is created by the Sharavati dropping 253 m (830 ft), making it the third-highest waterfall in India after the Nohkalikai Falls with a drop of 335 m (1100 ft) in Meghalaya [11] and Dudhsagar Waterfalls with a drop of 310 m (1017 ft) in Goa.

Sharavathi, a river which rises at Ambutirtha, next to Nonabur, in the Thirthahalli taluk and takes the northwesterly course by Fatte petta, receives the Haridravati on the right below Pattaguppe and the Yenne Hole on the left above Barangi. On arriving at the frontier it bends to the west, precipitates itself down the Falls of Gersoppa, and passes that village (properly Geru-Sappe), which is some 30 kilometres (19 mi) distant, discharging into the Arabian sea at Honnavar in Uttara Kannada.[citation needed]

The Sharavati, flowing over a very rocky bed about 250 yards (230 m) wide, here reaches a tremendous chasm, 290 m (960 ft) deep, and the water comes down in four distinct falls.[citation needed] The Raja Fall pours in one unbroken column sheer to the depth of 830 ft (250 m). Halfway down it is encountered by the Roarer, another fall, which precipitates itself into a vast cup and then rushes violently downwards at an angle of forty-five degrees to meet the Raja.[citation needed] A third fall, the Rocket, shoots downwards in a series of jets; while the fourth, the Rani, moves quietly over the mountainside in a sheet of foam. The Tourism Department has built steps from the viewpoint to the bottom of the hill where the waterfall can be seen at the opposite side. There are approximately 1400 steps built to reach the bottom of the hill.[12]

Significance[edit]

Associated with the waterfall is the nearby Linganamakki Dam across the Sharavati River.[13] The power station has been operational since 1948 and is of 120 MW capacity, one of the largest hydroelectric stations in India at that time and a small source of electric power for Karnataka now. The power station was previously named Krishna Rajendra hydro-electric project, after the King of Mysore at that time. The name was later changed to Mahatma Gandhi Hydro-electric Project. It was served by The Hirebhaskara dam until 1960. After 1960, due to the ideas of Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, Linganmakki Dam has been used for power generation.[citation needed]

Power[edit]

The hydro-electric project was conceived by the government of Mysore in mid-1943. A scheme to generate 64,000 horsepower at a cost of 358 lakh was designed.[14] The capacity was increased subsequently and currently generates 6.7 MW of power.[citation needed]

Transport connectivity[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jog Falls Location". Jogfalls official website.
  2. ^ "Jogfalls Height". Jog Falls Official website.
  3. ^ "Jog Falls". Jogfalls official website.
  4. ^ "Jogfalls". Jog Falls Official website.
  5. ^ "River". Jogfalls official website.
  6. ^ "Jog Falls Location". Jogfalls official website.
  7. ^ "Jog falls Location". Shivamogga NIC.
  8. ^ Top 10 Highest Waterfalls in India
  9. ^ Monsoon magic: Jog Falls, nature lovers' delight TRAVEL, IBN news channel, 10 August 2008
  10. ^ Jog Falls World Waterfall Database: World's Tallest Waterfalls
  11. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam (ed.). India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 179.
  12. ^ "Jog Falls: the jewel of Sharavathi Valley". JLR Explore. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  13. ^ Karnataka Power Corporation Article Archived 19 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Jog Falls Hydro-Electric Project". The Indian Express. 2 July 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 12 April 2017.

External links[edit]

  • Jog Falls on jogfalls.in. Jog Management Authority. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  • Jog Falls on Karnataka Government official Website