Johan Rockström

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Johan Rockström
Johan Rockström 1c389 8409.jpg
Johan Rockström in May 2011
Born (1965-12-31) 31 December 1965 (age 55)
Alma materSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Stockholm University
Known forLeading development on the Planetary Boundaries framework
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsGlobal sustainability and water resources
InstitutionsStockholm University
Stockholm Resilience Centre
Statement by Johan Rockström

Johan Rockström (born 31 December 1965) is a Swedish professor and joint director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) in Germany. He is a strategist on how resilience can be built into land regions short of water, and has published over 100 papers in fields ranging from practical land and water use to global sustainability.[1] Johan Rockström was executive director of the Stockholm Environment Institute from 2004–2012.

Career[edit]

Rockström is internationally recognized on global sustainability issues. In 2009, he led the team that developed the Planetary Boundaries framework, a proposed precondition for facilitating human development at a time when the planet is undergoing rapid change.[2] In recognition of this work, Fokus magazine named him "Swede of the Year" for "engaging and exciting work in sustainable development.[3] Rockström is vice-chair of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research[4] and chair of the Earth System Visioning Task Team of the International Council for Science (ICSU).[5] In 2010, the magazine Miljöaktuellt ranked him the second most influential person in Sweden on environmental issues, and Veckans Affärer gave him its "Social Capitalist Award".[1] In 2011 he chaired the third Nobel Laureate Symposium on Global Sustainability in Stockholm.[6]

After 12 years as director of Stockholm Resilience Centre (SRC), he became the 2018 joint director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), based in Germany, with PIK's current deputy director Professor Ottmar Edenhofer. Rockström and Edenhofer replace PIK director Professor Hans Joachim Schellnhuber. He has recently[when?] joined climate change charity Cool Earth as a trustee.

In 2020 he became a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.[7]

We are on average, moving towards four degrees warming this century. And we haven’t been in a four-degree warmer world for the past four million years. So it’s not as if it’s a place we know very well.

– Rockström, 2016[8]

Awards[edit]

Planetary boundaries[edit]

In 2009, Rockström led an international group of 28 leading academics, who proposed a new Earth system framework for government and management agencies as a precondition for sustainable development. The framework posits that Earth system processes on the planet have boundaries or thresholds that should not be crossed. The extent to which these boundaries are not crossed marks what the group calls the safe operating space for humanity.[12] The group identified nine "planetary life support systems" essential for human survival and attempted to quantify just how far seven of these systems have been pushed already. They then estimated how much further we could go before our survival is threatened; beyond these boundaries, there is a risk of "irreversible and abrupt environmental change" which could make Earth less habitable.[2] Boundaries can help identify where there is room and define a "safe space for human development", which is an improvement on approaches that aim to minimize human impacts on the planet.[2]

According to critics, the exact location of six of these "planetary boundaries" are not proven but arbitrary, such as the 15% limit of earth use to cropland. It is claimed that increased earth use has increased global well-being. They are also connected to local rather than global consequences.[13][14]

Other activities[edit]

Corporate boards[edit]

  • Daimler, Member of the Advisory Board for Integrity and Corporate Responsibility[15]

Non-profit organization[edit]

  • EAT Foundation, Member of the Board of Trustees[16]
  • KR Foundation, Member of the Board[17]
  • Global Challenges Foundation, Member of the Board[18]

Publications[edit]

  • Rockström, Johan; Gaffney, Owen; Rogelj, Joeri; Meinshausen, Malte; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim (24 March 2017). "A roadmap for rapid decarbonization" (PDF). Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). 355 (6331): 1269–1271. Bibcode:2017Sci...355.1269R. doi:10.1126/science.aah3443. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 28336628. S2CID 36453591.
  • Rockström, Johan; Williams, John; Daily, Gretchen; Noble, Andrew; Matthews, Nathanial; Gordon, Line; Wetterstrand, Hanna; DeClerck, Fabrice; Shah, Mihir; Steduto, Pasquale; de Fraiture, Charlotte; Hatibu, Nuhu; Unver, Olcay; Bird, Jeremy; Sibanda, Lindiwe; Smith, Jimmy (12 July 2016). "Sustainable intensification of agriculture for human prosperity and global sustainability". Ambio. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. 46 (1): 4–17. doi:10.1007/s13280-016-0793-6. ISSN 0044-7447. PMC 5226894. PMID 27405653.
  • Rockström J, L Karlberg and M Falkenmark (2011) "Global Food Production in a water-constrained world: exploring 'green' and 'blue' challenges and solutions." In Grafton, R. Q. and K. Hussey (eds.) 2011. Water Resources Planning and Management. Cambridge University Press.
  • Rockström J and L Karlberg (2010) The quadruple squeeze: Defining the safe operating space for freshwater use to achieve a triply green revolution in the Anthropocene. AMBIO, 39(3): 257–265. doi:10.1007/s13280-010-0033-4
  • Hoff H, M Falkenmark, D Gerten, L Gordon, L Karlberg and J Rockström (eds.) (2010) Journal of Hydrology: Green-Blue Water Initiative (GBI), 384(3/4): 175–306.
  • Enfors, Elin; Barron, Jennie; Makurira, Hodson; Rockström, Johan; Tumbo, Siza (2011). "Yield and soil system changes from conservation tillage in dryland farming: A case study from North Eastern Tanzania". Agricultural Water Management. Elsevier BV. 98 (11): 1687–1695. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2010.02.013. ISSN 0378-3774.
  • Reid, W. V.; Chen, D.; Goldfarb, L.; Hackmann, H.; Lee, Y. T.; Mokhele, K.; Ostrom, E.; Raivio, K.; Rockstrom, J.; Schellnhuber, H. J.; Whyte, A. (11 November 2010). "Earth System Science for Global Sustainability: Grand Challenges". Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). 330 (6006): 916–917. Bibcode:2010Sci...330..916R. doi:10.1126/science.1196263. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 21071651. S2CID 39302849.
  • Kijne, J, J Barron, H Hoff, J Rockström, L Karlberg, J Gowing, SP Wani, D Wichelns (2009) Opportunities to increase water productivity in agriculture with special reference to Africa and South Asia. Stockholm: SEI. SEI project report.
  • Hoff, H.; Falkenmark, M.; Gerten, D.; Gordon, L.; Karlberg, L.; Rockström, J. (2010). "Greening the global water system". Journal of Hydrology. Elsevier BV. 384 (3–4): 177–186. Bibcode:2010JHyd..384..177H. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.06.026. ISSN 0022-1694.
  • Wani SP, Rockström J and Oweis TY (2009) Rainfed agriculture: unlocking the potential CABI. ISBN 978-1-84593-389-0.
  • Rockström, Johan; Falkenmark, Malin; Karlberg, Louise; Hoff, Holger; Rost, Stefanie; Gerten, Dieter (14 February 2009). "Future water availability for global food production: The potential of green water for increasing resilience to global change". Water Resources Research. American Geophysical Union (AGU). 45 (7). Bibcode:2009WRR....45.0A12R. doi:10.1029/2007wr006767. ISSN 0043-1397.
  • Rost, Stefanie; Gerten, Dieter; Hoff, Holger; Lucht, Wolfgang; Falkenmark, Malin; Rockström, Johan (9 October 2009). "Global potential to increase crop production through water management in rainfed agriculture". Environmental Research Letters. IOP Publishing. 4 (4): 044002. Bibcode:2009ERL.....4d4002R. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/044002. ISSN 1748-9326.
  • Kartha S, Siebert CK, Mathur R, Nakicenovic N, Ramanathan V, Rockström J, Schellnhuber HJ, Srivastava L and Watt R (2009) A Copenhagen Prognosis: towards a safe climate future Stockholm Environment Institute.
  • Rockström, Johan; Steffen, Will; Noone, Kevin; Persson, Åsa; Chapin, F. Stuart; Lambin, Eric F.; Lenton, Timothy M.; Scheffer, Marten; Folke, Carl; Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim; Nykvist, Björn; de Wit, Cynthia A.; Hughes, Terry; van der Leeuw, Sander; Rodhe, Henning; Sörlin, Sverker; Snyder, Peter K.; Costanza, Robert; Svedin, Uno; Falkenmark, Malin; Karlberg, Louise; Corell, Robert W.; Fabry, Victoria J.; Hansen, James; Walker, Brian; Liverman, Diana; Richardson, Katherine; Crutzen, Paul; Foley, Jonathan A. (2009). "A safe operating space for humanity". Nature. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. 461 (7263): 472–475. Bibcode:2009Natur.461..472R. doi:10.1038/461472a. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 19779433. S2CID 205049746.
  • Rockström J, Vohland K, Lucht W, Lotze-Campen H, von Weizsäcker EU and Tariq Banuri T (2007) "Making progress within and beyond borders" In: Schellnhuber H-J, Stern N and Molina M (eds) Global sustainability: a Nobel cause, Chapter 4, pages 33–48. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-521-76934-1.
  • Rockström, Johan. "Bounding the Planetary Future: Why We Need a Great Transition." Great Transition Initiative (April 2015), https://www.greattransition.org/publication/bounding-the-planetary-future-why-we-need-a-great-transition.
  • Falkenmark M and Rockström J (2004) Balancing water for humans and nature: the new approach in ecohydrology Earthscan. ISBN 978-1-85383-927-6.
  • Rockström, Johan (2011). Den stora förnekelsen (in Swedish). Stockholm: Medströms Bokförlag. ISBN 978-91-7329-042-5. OCLC 792795683.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Johan Rockström Stockholm Resilience Centre. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  2. ^ a b c Rockström, Johan; Steffen, Will; Noone, Kevin; Persson, Åsa; Chapin, F. Stuart; Lambin, Eric F.; Lenton, Timothy M.; Scheffer, Marten; Folke, Carl; Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim; Nykvist, Björn; de Wit, Cynthia A.; Hughes, Terry; van der Leeuw, Sander; Rodhe, Henning; Sörlin, Sverker; Snyder, Peter K.; Costanza, Robert; Svedin, Uno; Falkenmark, Malin; Karlberg, Louise; Corell, Robert W.; Fabry, Victoria J.; Hansen, James; Walker, Brian; Liverman, Diana; Richardson, Katherine; Crutzen, Paul; Foley, Jonathan A. (2009). "A safe operating space for humanity". Nature. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. 461 (7263): 472–475. Bibcode:2009Natur.461..472R. doi:10.1038/461472a. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 19779433. S2CID 205049746.
  3. ^ Johan Rockstrom Sweden’s Person of Year . Resilience Science. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  4. ^ Scientific Advisory Board Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  5. ^ Earth System Visioning Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine International Council for Science. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  6. ^ At Stockholm Gathering of Minds: Planet Earth vs. Humanity National Geographic Daily News, 18 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Johan Rockström". German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  8. ^ Johan Rockström Before the Flood, 2016.
  9. ^ a b c d "International Cosmos Prizewinner 2015".
  10. ^ "Mojib Latif und Johan Rockström erhalten Deutschen Umweltpreis". Der Spiegel (in German). 22 September 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Laureates".
  12. ^ "Earth's boundaries?". Nature. 461 (7263): 447–448. 2009. Bibcode:2009Natur.461R.447.. doi:10.1038/461447b. PMID 19779405.
  13. ^ Walking the Line: How to Identify Safe Limits for Human Impacts on the Planet, By David Biello | Scientific American – Wed, Jun 13, 2012
  14. ^ The Global Doomsayers' Ever-Changing Story, WSJ, June 15, 2012
  15. ^ Advisory Board for Integrity and Corporate Responsibility Daimler.
  16. ^ Board of Trustees EAT Foundation.
  17. ^ Board KR Foundation.
  18. ^ Board Global Challenges Foundation.

External links[edit]