Johann Abraham Peter Schulz (31 March 1747, Lüneburg – 10 June 1800, Schwedt) was a German musician. He is best known as the composer of the melody for Matthias Claudius's poems "Der Mond ist aufgegangen" and "Wir pflügen und wir streuen", and the Christmas carol "Ihr Kinderlein kommet".
Schulz attended St. Michaelis school in Lüneburg from 1757 to 1759 and then the Johanneum there from 1759 to 1764. In 1765, he was the student in Berlin of composer Johann Kirnberger, and then taught in Berlin himself. In 1768 Kirnberger recommended Schulz for the position of music teacher and accompanist to the Polish Princess Sapieha Woiwodin von Smolensk. Schulz traveled with her for 3 years throughout Europe, where he came into contact with many new musical ideas. He served as the conductor of the French Theatre in Berlin from 1776 to 1780 and from 1780 to 1787 he was the Kapellmeister of Prince Henry in Rheinsberg. Schulz then went on to serve as Court Kapellmeister in Copenhagen from 1787 to 1795 before returning to Berlin.
Schulz wrote operas, stage music, oratorios, and cantatas, as well as piano pieces and folk songs; he also wrote articles on music theory for Johann Georg Sulzer's (1720–1779) Allgemeine Theorie der schönen Künste in four volumes.
- Sechs Klavierstücke, Op. 1, 1778
- Sonata, Op. 2, 1778
- Gesänge im Volkston, 1779
- Lieder im Volkston, 1782, 1785, 1790.
- Chansons Italiennes, 1782
- Clarissa, operetta, Berlin 1775
- La fée Urgèle, comédie avec ariettes, 1782
- Aline, reine de Golconde, Rheinsberg 1787
- Høstgildet, Syngespil, Copenhagen 1790
- Indtoget, Syngespil, Copenhagen 1793
- Peters bryllup, Syngespil, Copenhagen 1793
- Maria und Johannes, 1788
- Kristi død, 1792
- Des Erlösers letzte Stunde, 1794
- 4 Hymns, 1791–1794
Portions of the biographical information in this article are based on a translation of its German equivalent.
- Free scores by Johann Abraham Peter Schulz in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
- Free scores by Johann Abraham Peter Schulz at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- The Mutopia Project has compositions by Johann Abraham Peter Schulz
- Cyber Hymnal: Johann Abraham Peter Schulz
- Johann Abraham Peter Schulz in the German National Library catalogue
- Biography at the Johanneum at the Wayback Machine (archived June 9, 2007) (in German)
- Schulz' church music (in German)
- Works by or about Johann Abraham Peter Schulz at Internet Archive