Johann Albrecht Widmannstetter
Johann Albrecht Widmannstetter, also called Widmannstadt, Johannes Albertus Widmanstadius or Widmestadius, (1506 in Nellingen/Blaubeuren near Ulm – March 28, 1557 in Regensburg), was a German humanist, orientalist, philologist, and theologian.
Widmannstetter studied law, theology and oriental languages in Tübingen. After 1527, he continued his studies in Italy, in Turin, Naples and Rome, focusing on Syrian and Arabian. In 1533, Widmannstetter became secretary to pope, Pope Clement VII. In the same year, he delivered a series of lectures in Rome, outlining Nicolaus Copernicus' theory to the pope and the cardinals, with which both were impressed.
Pope Clement VII died in 1534, and was succeeded by Pope Paul III; Widmannstetter continued as his secretary.
After 1535, Widmannstetter was secretary of Cardinal Nikolaus von Schönberg. Impressed by Widmannstetter's lessons on Copernicus' ideas, the Cardinal wrote a letter to Copernicus in 1536, urging him to publish (which he would do only in 1543, shortly before his death).
The rest of Widmanstetter's career was focussed on orientalism, to which he contributed a great deal, collecting hundreds of manuscripts in Hebrew, Arabic and Syriac. Widmannstetter is considered to be a founder of European orientalism.
- 1541/42: Sacrarum ceremoniarum sive rituum ecclesiasticorum sanctae romanae ecclesiae libri tres
- 1543: Notae contra Mohammedis dogmata
- 1552: Von den geistlichen und weltlichen Wappen eines Ritters (Dillingen)
- 1555: Liber sacrosancti Evangelii de Jesu Christo Domino et Deo nostro (Vienna)
- 1555: Syriacae linguae ... prima elementa (Vienna); also published in Antwerpen in 1572
- Max Müller (1907): Johann Albrecht von Widmanstetter 1506-1557. Sein Leben und Wirken. Bamberg.
- Hans Striedl (1952): Die Bücherei des Orientalisten Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.
- In: Hans Joachim Kissling (ed.): Serta Monacensia. Leiden. Pages 200-244.
- Hans Striedl (1953): Der Humanist Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter als klassischer Philologe.
- In: Festgabe der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek für Emil Gratzl. Wiesbaden. Pages 96-120.
- Margit Ksoll-Marcon (1999). "Widmannstetter (Widmanstetter, Widmestadius, Beiname Lucretius), Johann Albrecht". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 16. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 1548–1550. ISBN 3-88309-079-4. Short biography