Johann Andreas Wagner

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Pikermi fossil of a hyena tooth Adcrocuta eximia, showing the characteristic craquelure, Teylers Museum

Johann Andreas Wagner (21 March 1797 – 17 December 1861) was a German palaeontologist, zoologist and archaeologist who wrote several important works on palaeontology.


Wagner was a professor at the University of Munich, and curator of the Zoologische Staatssammlung (State Zoology Collection). He was the author of Die Geographische Verbreitung der Säugethiere Dargestellt (1844–46).

Wagner was a Christian creationist.[1]


In his travels to the fossil beds of Pikermi, Wagner discovered and described fossil remains of mastodon, Dinotherium, Hipparion, two species of giraffe, antelope and others.[2][3] His collaboration with Johannes Roth on these fossils became a major textbook in palaeontology, known as "Roth & Wagner", in which the "bones were much broken, and no complete skeleton was found with all the parts united".[4][5]


Wagner is commemorated in the scientific name of a species of South American snake, Diaphorolepis wagneri.[6]



  1. ^ Rupke, Nicolaas A. (2005). Neither Creation nor Evolution: The Third Way in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Thinking about the Origin of Species. Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 10: 160.
  2. ^ Upper Miocene Formations of Greece at Pikermi Archived 2012-06-03 at the Wayback Machine on
  3. ^ Neue Beiträge zur Kenntniss der fossilen Säugthier-Überreste von Pikermi on Google books, by Wagner, Munich, 1857
  4. ^ Die fossilen Knochenüberreste von Pikermi in Griechenland on Google books, by Johannes Rudolf Roth and Johann Andreas Wagner, Munich, 1854
  5. ^ "bones were much broken" in the Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, Volume 6, 1857, page 182
  6. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Wagner, J.A.", p. 278).